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1.
Retracts of products of chordal graphs
Boštjan Brešar, Jérémie Chalopin, Victor Chepoi, Matjaž Kovše, Arnaud Labourel, Yann Vaxès, 2010

Opis: We characterize the graphs ▫$G$▫ that are retracts of Cartesian products of chordal graphs. We show that they are exactly the weakly modular graphs that do not contain ▫$K_{2;3}$▫, ▫$k$▫-wheels ▫$W_k$▫, and ▫$k$▫-wheels minus one spoke T$W_k^- ; (k ge 4)$T as induced subgraphs. We also show that these graphs ▫$G$▫ are exactly the cage-amalgamation graphs introduced by Brešar and Tepeh Horvat (2009); this solves the open question raised by these authors. Finally, we prove that replacing all products of cliques of $G$ by products of "solid" simplices, we obtain a polyhedral cell complex which, endowed with an intrinsic Euclidean metric, is a CAT(0) space. This generalizes similar results about median graphs as retracts of hypercubes (products of edges) and median graphs as 1-skeletons of CAT(0) cubical complexes.
Ključne besede: teorija grafov, graf, retrakt, zastražena amalgamacija, tetiven graf, kartezični produkt grafov, medianski graf, graph theory, graph, retract, gated amalgamation, chordal graph, Cartesian product of graphs, median graph
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 438; Prenosov: 75
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

2.
Bucolic complexes
Boštjan Brešar, Jérémie Chalopin, Victor Chepoi, Tanja Gologranc, Damian Osajda, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this article, we introduce and investigate bucolic complexes, a common generalization of systolic complexes and of CAT(0) cubical complexes. This class of complexes is closed under Cartesian products and amalgamations over some convex subcomplexes. We study various approaches to bucolic complexes: from graph-theoretic and topological viewpoints, as well as from the point of view of geometric group theory. Bucolic complexes can be defined as locally-finite simply connected prism complexes satisfying some local combinatorial conditions. We show that bucolic complexes are contractible, and satisfy some nonpositive-curvature-like properties. In particular, we prove a version of the Cartan-Hadamard theorem, the fixed point theorem for finite group actions, and establish some results on groups acting geometrically on such complexes. We also characterize the 1-skeletons (which we call bucolic graphs) and the 2-skeletons of bucolic complexes. In particular, we prove that bucolic graphs are precisely retracts of Cartesian products of locally finite weakly bridged graphs (i.e., of 1-skeletons of weakly systolic complexes). We show that bucolic graphs are exactly the weakly modular graphs satisfying some local conditions formulated in terms of forbidden induced subgraphs and that finite bucolic graphs can be obtained by gated amalgamations of products of weakly bridged graphs.
Ključne besede: CAT(0) kubni in sistolični kompleksi, medianski in mostovni grafi, zastražena amalgamacija, kartezični produkt, prizmični kompleksi, retrakti, fiksne točke, asferičnost, CAT(0) cubical and systolic complexes, median and bridged graphs, gated amalgamation, Cartesian product, prism complexes, retracts, fixed points, asphericity
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 494; Prenosov: 14
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

3.
Bucolic complexes
Boštjan Brešar, Jérémie Chalopin, Victor Chepoi, Tanja Gologranc, Damian Osajda, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Vpeljemo in obravnavamo bukolične kompleksne, skupno posplošitev sistoličnih in CAT(0) kubnih kompleksov. Definirani so kot enostavno povezani kompleksi prizem, ki zadoščajo določenim lokalnim kombinatornim pogojem. Raziskujemo različne pristope k bukoličnim kompleksom: gledamo jih iz vidika teorije grafov in topološkega vidika kot tudi iz perspektive geometrijske teorije grup. Tako med drugim okarakteriziramo bukolične komplekse preko nekih lastnosti njihovih 2-skeletov in 1-skeletov (ki jim pravimo bukolični grafi), s čimer posplošimo več prej znanih rezultatov. Prav tako dokažemo, da so lokalno končni bukolični kompleksi kontraktibilni in da zadoščajo nekim lastnostim tipa nepozitivnih ukrivljenosti.
Ključne besede: CAT(0) kubni in sistolični kompleksi, medianski in mostovni grafi, zastražena amalgamacija, kartezični produkt, kompleksi prizem, retrakti, fiksne točke, asferičnost, CAT(0) cubical and systolic complexes, median and bridged graphs, gated amalgamation, Cartesian product, prism complexes, retracts, fixed points, asphericity
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 540; Prenosov: 16
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

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