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1.
UDEJANJANJE UČEČE SE ORGANIZACIJE - MODEL FUTURE-O
Tina Mesarec, 2011, diplomsko delo

Opis: Cilj vsake sodobne organizacije je poslovati uspešno in svojo konkurenčno prednost ohraniti tudi v prihodnosti. Pojavlja se vprašanje, kako ob vse večji globalizaciji gospodarskega prostora in vse večjih zahtevah potrošnikov to tudi doseči. Odgovor leži v pristopu h konceptu učeče se organizacije, ki je v zahodni Evropi in ZDA že dobro znan. Koncept učeče se organizacije ne predstavlja samo drugačnega odnosa do znanja v podjetjih, temveč korenito posega v samo organizacijo, način vodenja in način razmišljanja celotnega podjetja. V njej ima management vlogo mentorja, svetovalca, spodbudnika novih idej in inovativnosti. Učeča se organizacija temelji na višji organizacijski kulturi, drugačnem načinu komuniciranja, drugačnem ravnanju z znanjem in predvsem na spoštovanju slehernega zaposlenega. Zaposleni poznajo poslanstvo svojega podjetja, so zavezani k skupnim ciljem in strategiji. Še več, strategijo ustvarjajo skupaj. Tukaj za vertikalno hierarhijo, izpolnjevanje ukazov in kontrolo sleherne izvedene aktivnosti ni prostora. Učeča se organizacija ima v svojih vrstah samozavestne ljudi, ki svoje delo opravljajo v skupinah, obenem pa samostojno in dogovorno, zato ne potrebujejo nadzora od zgoraj, pripravljeni so se nenehno izobraževati in svoje znanje deliti z drugimi. S pomočjo znanja vseh zaposlenih učeča se organizacija ustvarja novo, njej lastno organizacijsko znanje, ki je osnova za napredek in njen poslovni uspeh. Zaposleni v učečih se organizacijah, so visoko motivirani in za svoje dosežke nagrajeni.
Ključne besede: Učeča se organizacija, timsko delo, učenje, model implementacije, FUTURE-O, sodobni management, osebnostni razvoj, opolnomočenje zaposlenih, prenos kompetenc, motiviranost.
Objavljeno: 24.01.2012; Ogledov: 3278; Prenosov: 534
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,70 MB)

2.
IZPOSTAVLJENOST FINANČNIM TVEGANJEM − PRIMER KOVINSKO PREDELOVALNEGA PODJETJA
Barbara Kapun, 2012, magistrsko delo

Opis: Tveganje postaja sestavni del poslovanja ne samo finančnih inštitucij, ampak tudi podjetij, ki se primarno ukvarjajo s povsem nefinančnimi dejavnostmi. Zatorej se je potrebno zavedati, da obvladovanje tveganja postaja nuja sodobnega poslovanja. Poslovni uspeh se med drugim lahko izboljša z učinkovitim prepoznavanjem in obvladovanjem tveganj, katerim je podjetje izpostavljeno. Magistrska naloga je praktično usmerjena in zasnovana tako, da na primeru podjetja iz sektorja kovinsko predelovalne industrije, tj. skupine Impol 2000, prikazuje postopek in izbiro instrumentov za obvladovanje finančnih tveganj. V osnovi smo se zaradi samega poslovanja Skupine osredotočili samo na dvoje izmed vseh finančnih tveganj, in sicer tveganje spremembe cene surovine − aluminija − ter valutno tveganje. Namreč, skupina Impol 2000 je v veliki meri odvisna od gibanja cene aluminija, ki se oblikuje na Londonski borzi barvnih kovin. Neugodno gibanje cene aluminija pomembno vpliva na samo poslovanje Skupine. Ravno zato se mora podjetje ustrezno zavarovati pred tovrstnim tveganjem. Ker Skupina posluje z zunanjimi partnerji tudi v valutah, ki niso evro, je izpostavljena valutnemu tveganju. Iz istega razloga, kot tveganje cen surovine, mora podjetje tudi valutno tveganje obvladovati.
Ključne besede: finančna tveganja, tveganje spremembe cen surovin, valutno tveganje, obvladovanje tveganj, finančni instrumenti, forward posel, future posel, swap, opcija, trg aluminija
Objavljeno: 25.05.2012; Ogledov: 2047; Prenosov: 238
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,25 MB)

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SYNTHESIS OF PROCESSES AND PROCESS SUBSYSTEMS FOR ENTIRE LIFETIME
Andreja Nemet, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Economically viable process designs should be, in addition to other criteria, profitable over their entire process lifetimes not only at the present time. An improved process design can be achieved by establishing an appropriate trade-off between product income, raw material, operating costs, and investment. The full lifetime of the processes and future prices have to be considered rather than optimising them on a yearly basis using current prices. Single-period optimisation and synthesis models for processes reflects current prices only. The prices can fluctuate rather quickly and the optimal solution may be very different from one year to the another. Therefore, the traditional superstructural synthesis approach applying a mixed-integer nonlinear programming model was upgraded: i) over time, by considering an entire lifetime, which can be described by a multi-period model and ii) the whole field of variation regarding uncertain future prices. A stochastic approach considering the statistical distribution of price projections over an entire lifetime was used on different case studies instead of the traditional deterministic approach accounting for nominal future price projection. The objective was the maximisation of the expected net present value of a process or the expected incremental net present value of different process subsystem. The heat exchanger network has been one of the subsystem, which can significantly contribute to operating costs due to savings of external utility consumption. For this subsystem a deterministic and stochastic multi-period mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) synthesis models have been developed in order to account for future price projections. Considering higher energy prices gives rise to larger initial investments compared to solutions obtained with current prices. However, due to the uncertainties of utility prices' forecasts, retrofitting using an extension of HEN during future years of the lifespan might be a better strategy. The objective is to identify a design that is the most suitable for effective future extensions and preferably with the lowest sensitivity to energy price fluctuations, as there can be various designs featuring similar initial investment. The results supports that it is economically beneficial to consider future utility prices as the incremental investment is not only paid-off but additional savings are achieved. Process-to-process Heat Integration can also significantly affect the trade-off between investment and operating cost. The aim of Total Site (TS) HEN synthesis was to develop a model synthesis for the TS that, besides many other important features, would also consider future utility prices. Two strategies for TS synthesis have been developed: i) sequential, when HI is performed within a process during the first step and then after a process-to-process HI has been performed, and ii) simultaneous, where the HI is performed within and between processes simultaneously. The second strategy can reveal additional opportunities for heat recovery that might not be identified when applying the first strategy. Comparison of the results obtained at consideration of current utility prices and forecasted utility prices indicates that is worth to account for future utility prices. The separation processes also consume a significant amount of energy. The synthesis of a distillation column sequence integrated within its heat exchanger network was used as a case study for the separation of a multi-component stream into pure component products by considering future utility prices. This analysis has been performed in order to evaluate the magnitude of the influence of forecasted utility prices. It can be concluded that forecasted utility prices can be beneficial, however, the technical limits of the systems should be carefully observed. The price fluctuation can also be observed for other prices not only utility prices, e.g. raw material cost, product price, etc
Ključne besede: future prices, forecasted prices, stochastic optimisation, mathematical programming, Heat Exchanger Network, Total Site, distillation column sequence, methanol production
Objavljeno: 04.05.2015; Ogledov: 801; Prenosov: 75
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,74 MB)

10.
Challenges of advanced technologies and school of the future
Ivan Gerlič, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The era of advanced technology claims a different individual. The individual that would undisturbed function in the era of digitalization and would better perceive and protect our environment with the help of accomplishments and benefits of advanced information and communication technology (ICT). There is no better time for learning and concretization of these values as in school. Nowadays pupils, the pupils of digital era, are more and more experienced in the usage of contemporary media and networks. That is why they require the modification of conditions and teachers' role in the school. Will new information and multimedia or hypermedia support for classrooms and new didactical ideas improve learning results, and stimulate innovation and greater pleasure towards learning and knowledge? All these questions will be answered in our contribution.
Ključne besede: education, traditional education, future education, computer classroom, multimedia classroom, educational networks
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 615; Prenosov: 138
.pdf Celotno besedilo (653,12 KB)
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