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1.
SOFT SWITCHING FOR IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY AND POWER DENSITY OF A SINGLE-PHASE CONVERTER WITH POWER FACTOR CORRECTION
Tine Konjedic, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: This thesis investigates the possibilities for increasing the power conversion efficiency and power density of a single-phase single-stage AC-DC converter with power factor correction capability. Initially, the limitations are investigated for simultaneous increase of power density and efficiency in hard switched bidirectional converters. The switching frequency dependent turn-on losses of the transistors have been identified as the main limiting factor. In order to avoid the increase in total power losses with increasing the switching frequency, a control approach is proposed for achieving zero voltage switching transitions within the entire operating range of a bidirectional converter that utilizes power transistors in a bridge structure. This approach is based on operation in the discontinuous conduction mode with a variable switching frequency. Operation in the discontinuous conduction mode ensures the necessary reversed current that naturally discharges the parasitic output capacitance of the transistor and thus allows this transistor to be turned on at zero voltage. On the other hand, the varying switching frequency ensures that the converter operates close to the zero voltage switching boundary, which is defined as the minimum required current ripple at which zero voltage switching can be maintained. Operation with the minimum required current ripple is desirable as it generates the lowest magnetic core losses and conduction losses within the power circuit. The performance and effectiveness of the investigated approach were initially verified in a bidirectional DC-DC converter. A reliable zero voltage switching was confirmed over the entire operating range of a bidirectional DC-DC converter, as well as the absence of the reverse recovery effect and the unwanted turn-on of the synchronous transistor. In order to justify its usage and demonstrate its superior performance, the proposed zero voltage switching technique was compared with a conventional continuous conduction mode operation which is characterized by hard switching commutations. After successful verification and implementation in a bidirectional DC-DC converter, the investigated zero voltage switching approach was adapted for usage in an interleaved DC-AC converter with power factor correction capability. Comprehensive analysis of the converter's operation in discontinuous conduction mode with a variable switching frequency was performed in order to derive its power loss model. The latter facilitated the design process of the converter's power circuit. A systematic approach for selecting the converter's power components has been used while targeting for an extremely high power conversion efficiency over a wide operating range and a low volume design of the converter. The final result of the investigations performed within the scope of this thesis is the interleaved AC-DC converter with power factor correction capability. Utilization of interleaving allows for increasing the converter's power processing capability, reduces the conducted differential mode noise and shrinks the range within which the switching frequency has to vary. The proposed zero voltage switching control approach was entirely implemented within a digital signal controller and does not require any additional components within the converter's circuit. The experimental results have confirmed highly efficient operation over a wide range of operating powers. A peak efficiency of 98.4 % has been achieved at the output power of 1100 W, while the efficiency is maintained above 97 % over the entire range of output powers between 200 W and 3050 W.
Ključne besede: zero-voltage switching, power factor correction, variable switching frequency, discontinuous conduction mode, reverse recovery, unwanted turn-on, bidirectional DC-DC converter, bidirectional AC-DC converter, control of switching power converters
Objavljeno: 13.10.2015; Ogledov: 948; Prenosov: 94
.pdf Celotno besedilo (23,37 MB)

2.
The impact of wind-power generation on the planning of regulating reserve
Dunja Srpak, Boštjan Polajžer, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents new approach to the optimal distribution of the regulating reserve (RR) in a set of available regulating generation units. It is developed using evolutionary computation for the transmission-loss minimization and power-flow computation by applying the iterative method with a reactive power correction for voltage control. The approach involves the use of actual operating data directly from the network’s dispatch centre as well as daily and hourly plans of wind and load power for determining the RR requirements for the load frequency control (LFC). By testing the proposed approach on a case study, the possibility of implementing it on real power systems is demonstrated. The obtained results of the testing with actual data from the Croatian control area indicate substantial savings in ancillary service costs for the LFC and the considerable impact of different variations from the plan of each individual wind-power plant on the optimal RR distribution.
Ključne besede: evolutionary computation, frequency control, optimization, power systems, wind power generation
Objavljeno: 24.10.2017; Ogledov: 126; Prenosov: 16
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,52 MB)

3.
The impact of wind-power generation on the planning of regulating reserve
Dunja Srpak, 2018, doktorska disertacija

Opis: This doctoral thesis focuses on the efficient management of a power system with a large share of wind-power generation and on the methods for planning the operating reserve. The approach proposed in this research involves the use of data directly from the network’s dispatch center and the forecasting systems, as well as already existing day-ahead plans for wind and load power to determine the regulating reserve for the load frequency control (LFC). The same principle is used to find the optimal regulating reserve distribution (RRD) between the available generation units in the system for automatic generation control. It is developed using iterative power-flow computation with a reactive power correction and a stochastic search algorithm for transmission-loss minimization. Moreover, variations in the generation of individual wind-power plants (WPPs) from the plan are considered in the optimal RRD. A special focus of this research has been put on the Croatian power system due to the accessibility of relevant information and operating data. The obtained results of the testing with actual data from the Croatian power system indicate substantial savings in ancillary service costs for the LFC, while ensuring safe system operation. The considerable impact of variations from the plan for each individual WPP generation on the optimal RRD was also identified. Comparing the results for the daily sum of regulating reserves obtained with the proposed and the currently used approaches, the corresponding costs indicate a total saving of 21.2% for all 12 selected days in 2015 when using the proposed approach. In practice, a part of the reserve can be slow, i.e., with a lower unit price, thus the savings would be even higher. Furthermore, the obtained optimal RRD computed according to the proposed approach was compared with four commonly used RRDs in Croatia. The results obtained using the proposed approach indicate a decrease in the total transmission losses of between 1% and 2%. With a larger share of the generation from the WPPs and with more dispersed locations of the WPPs and regulating power plants a larger reduction in the transmission losses is expected.
Ključne besede: Evolutionary computation, Frequency control, Optimization, Power system, Regulating reserve, Wind power generation
Objavljeno: 28.03.2018; Ogledov: 76; Prenosov: 14
.pdf Celotno besedilo (9,03 MB)

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