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1.
The impact of economic growth on the dynamics of enterprises
Dijana Močnik, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this paper was to test the hypothesized U-shaped relationship between economic development and dynamics of enterprises. The dynamics of enterprises is influenced by the achieved economic development. This paper first analyzed the association between the regional gross value added (GVA) growth rate and different measures of enterprises dynamics from Slovenian data from 2000 to 2005. Our graphical analyses indicated that 1) the rate of gross entry and GVA growth rate were linearly and negatively associated; 2) the association between the rate of gross exit and GVA growth rate is best represented by the downward U-shape function (Ç); and 3) a U-shaped association exists between the rate of net entry and GVA growth rate. The size of the impact was estimated using the regression analysis between the net entries as dependent variable and GVA growth as independent variable that showed the best fit. According to the results, 1) economic growth significantly impacts net entries; 2) the hypothesized U-shaped relationship between net entries and economic growth was confirmed as the Slovenian net entries decrease until the GVA growth rate reaches 10% yet increase when the growth in GVA is higher than 10%; and 3) a ‘natural rate’ of entrepreneurship is to some extent governed by ‘laws’ related to the economic growth rate. The results further indicate that the average net entry rate should be increased by 0.787 units (%) as a result of a region's specific environmental factors. This research confirms the theoretical assumptions that have previously been sparsely tested empirically and even rarely supported by results. Therefore, our results represent a contribution to the robustness of the theoretical as well as empirical clarification of the relationship between entrepreneurship and economic development.
Ključne besede: dynamics of enterprises, firm entries, net entries, economic growth, regression analysis
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 540; Prenosov: 27
.pdf Celotno besedilo (525,03 KB)
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2.
Dynamics of Slovenian Entrepreneurship
Miroslav Rebernik, Karin Širec, Polona Tominc, Ksenja Pušnik, Maks Tajnikar, Dijana Močnik, Mojca Duh, Matej Rus, Barbara Bradač Hojnik, Katja Crnogaj, Rok Podgornik, 2009, znanstvena monografija

Opis: Part one presented the Slovenian entrepreneurial landscape in the year 2007. The second part compared Slovenian and EU-27 economy on various indicators. Part three analysed the process of firm entries in Slovenia while controlling for the specificities of regions and time, from 2000 to 2005. The fifth part analysed the impact of technical and cost efficiencies on firms’ income position and the relationship between supply and demand. The analysis examined tourism firms in Slovenia. The sixth part dealt with regional analysis of the early-stage entrepreneurship in Slovenia. The aim was to gain insight into developmental particularities of Slovenian family businesses and institutional support offered to family businesses in Slovenia. The seventh part examined different reasons for outsourcing according to strategic and traditional reasons. Lastly, we examined networking activities between enterprises and entrepreneurs. The empirical research revealed there are certain differences among Slovene SMEs according to their company size and gender.
Ključne besede: Firm Entries and Exits, Technical and Cost Efficiency, Family Firm Development, Oursourcing, Networking between Enterprises and Entrepreneurs
Objavljeno: 18.01.2017; Ogledov: 500; Prenosov: 43
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,68 MB)
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3.
From technical and cost efficiency to exporting
Ksenja Pušnik, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper investigates the influence of technical and allocative efficiency on export performance of Slovenian individual firms. The main contribution of the paper to the literature is the test on whether technical and allocative efficiencies, measured by data envelopment analysis (DEA) and stochastic frontier function (SFA), significantly influence the export orientation of individual firms. Our evidence suggests that firms which are more efficient than their competitors in industry are more export oriented and that technical efficiency is more significant for firms’ export orientation than allocative efficiency. The evidence also suggests that along efficiency export activity of individual firms is significantly influenced by size, capital intensity, profitability, wages and export orientation of the firms a year prior to investigation.
Ključne besede: export, firm, company, technical efficiency, cost efficiency, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 09.08.2017; Ogledov: 300; Prenosov: 53
.pdf Celotno besedilo (233,42 KB)
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4.
An empirical study regarding radical innovation, research and development management, and leadership
Fumihiko Isada, Yuriko Isada, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The objective of this research is to empirically compare the management that is most suitable for radical innovation with that needed for incremental innovation. The relationship between the results of research and development and management styles was surveyed using a questionnaire. Respondents included research and development leaders in Japanese manufacturing, with special attention given to the differences between radical innovation and incremental innovation. Results verified, in an integrated way, the management and leadership factors, taking into consideration the differences arising from the object under analysis and the environmental factors.
Ključne besede: radical innovation, incremental innovation, research and development management, leadership, size of the firm, technology life cycle, kinds of goods
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 331; Prenosov: 163
.pdf Celotno besedilo (245,59 KB)
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5.
Knowledge base of the region - role of the universities in regional innovation
Zoltán Gál, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The economic attraction and competitiveness of the regions depends on the spatially balanced network-based co-operation of different research bases and firms involved in innovation development. The utilisation of the regional knowledge base, innovation potential and co- operation between businesses and universities & research institutions continues to play an increasing role in regard to business success and the competitive economic performance of the regions. Innovation is considered as an interactive and system-like process depending on traditions with definite spatial forms and it is manifested in the form of “networks” among the companies and universities, and among the different transfer organisations, which can stimulate university-industry linkages. The paper presents the findings of the “ERAWATCH regional benchmarking surveys – in which the South Transdanubian region participated in – on innovation potential and investment into research” surveys concentrating on the role of innovation networks, within them highlighting the special role of regional universities in the collaborative research networks. The introduction is followed by a demonstration highlighting the role of universities in national and regional knowledge transfer emphasizing the fact that the spatial (regional) structure of innovation is very much determined by the transformation of potential universities and their widening innovative functions during the economic transition in Hungary. The next section provides an overview of findings of the ERAWATCH survey (2006) on the role of universities in regional network building and discusses those factors that are necessary for the establishment of a research university model. The last section assesses the efficiency and coherence of the Regional Innovation System with regard to the needs and capacities of the regional economies and the extent of matching or mismatching between the knowledge and economic specialization.
Ključne besede: regional innovation, knowledge base, ERAWATCH Survey, university-firm links, knowledge and economic specialization
Objavljeno: 14.03.2018; Ogledov: 289; Prenosov: 44
.pdf Celotno besedilo (164,07 KB)
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