African LiteratureDenis Recek
, 2011, diplomsko delo
Opis: The topic of this diploma is the formation and shaping of African literature. The first chapter is about the beginning of African literature. It describes oral literature and its transmission into written literature. Written African literature had great problems in becoming a part of world literature because of its diversity of languages and dialects. Christianity and Islam are mentioned as two religions which had a great impact on African literature. Colonialism is broadly described as an essential factor in the development of African literature. The second chapter is an analysis of a famous novel written by Alan Paton entitled Cry the Beloved Country. It speaks of a parson searching for his son in a big city. During this search there are many descriptions of the circumstances people live and their relationships. I compared the novel to a recent movie about aliens that are imprisoned in a concentration camp entitled District 9.
Ključne besede: African literature, Colonialism, aliens, Johannesburg, exploitation
Objavljeno: 05.09.2011; Ogledov: 1385; Prenosov: 74
Celotno besedilo (942,80 KB)
Geothermal heat potential - the source for heating greenhouses in Southestern EuropeDanijela Doberšek
, Peter Trop
, Darko Goričanec
, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The paper presents economically evaluated solutions for heating greenhouses with geothermal potential, if the same greenhouse is placed in two different locations in Southeastern Europe, one in Slovenia and the other in Serbia. The direct geothermal water exploitation using heat exchangers is presented and the remaining heat potential of already used geothermal water is exploited using high temperature heat pumps. Energy demands for heating greenhouses are calculated considering climatic parameters of both locations. Furthermore, different constructions materials are taken into account, and energy demands are evaluated if the same greenhouse is made of 4 mm toughened single glass, double insulated glass or polycarbonate plates. The results show that the geothermal energy usage is economically feasible in both locations, because payback periods are in range from two to almost eight years for different scenarios.
Ključne besede: geothermal heat exploitation, greenhouses energy demands, high temperature heat pump, economic analysis
Objavljeno: 07.07.2017; Ogledov: 109; Prenosov: 9
Celotno besedilo (1,02 MB)
Clarifying power, domination, and exploitationTibor Rutar
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The paper examines two ubiquitous concepts of power: the "classical sociological" concept which draws on Max Weber's definition of power, and the "Foucauldian" concept which stems from Michel Foucault's genealogical works. Three main theses are argued for. First, the two concepts are not, in most respects, as radically different as it is usually claimed. It is demonstrated that both can make room for different sources of power, for understanding power in a non-reified way, for the fact that power is rarely completely centralised, etc. Second, in those respects in which the two concepts actually differ, the classical view of power is more convincing and useful than the Foucauldian one. It is demonstrated that the Foucauldian view is implicitly positivist in the normative domain and thus unable to differentiate between power and domination, and that it succumbs to errors of methodological holism (i. e. undertheorising agency). Third, it is argued that the classical sociological view allows to analytically distinguish between power, domination and exploitation. These three categories are shown not to be synonymous and to carry with them importantly different sociological implications. It is demonstrated that exploitation cannot merely refer to any process of unpaid appropriation of surplus as obvious false positives are generated from this definition. Nonetheless, such appropriation is the fundamental characteristic which differentiates exploitation from domination (but not power itself), and this reveals an important sociological implication for the dynamics of struggle of the exploited against exploitation in contrast to the struggle of the dominated against the dominators.
Ključne besede: power, domination, exploitation, Foucault, value-neutrality
Objavljeno: 24.10.2017; Ogledov: 149; Prenosov: 6
Celotno besedilo (423,22 KB)
Organizational ambidexterity, exploration, exploitation and firms innovation performanceMladenka Popadić
, Matej Černe
, Ines Milohnić
, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: The construct of organizational ambidexterity (OA) has attracted the growing attention in management research. Previous empirical research has investigated the effect of organisational ambidexterity on performance from various perspectives. This study aims to resolve the contradictory previous research findings on the relationship between organisational ambidexterity and innovation performance. We unpack this construct with combined dimension of ambidexterity, which relates to a combination of high levels of both exploration and exploitation (introduction of products or services that were new to the market and new to the firm).
Methodology: We frame our ambidexterity hypothesis in terms of firm’s innovation orientation. The hypothesis is tested by using Community Innovation Survey (CIS) 2006 micro data at the organizational level in twelve countries. To operationalize an ambidexterity and firms innovation outcome, we used self-reported measures of innovativeness.
Results: To test our hypothesis, we developed a set of models and tested them with multiple hierarchical linear regression analyses. The results indicate that exploration and exploitation are positively related to firm’s innovation performances which supports our assumption that both are complementary. Furthermore, we find that above and over their independent effects, through combining them into a single construct of organizational ambidexterity, this variable remains negatively and significantly related to innovation performance.
Conclusion: These results provides the managers with an idea of when managing trade-offs between exploration and exploitation would be more favorable versus detrimental. For firms with lower organizational ambidexterity, the relationship between exploration-exploitation and the firm’s innovation performance is a more positive one.
Ključne besede: enterprises, entrepreneurs, entrepreneurship, organizational ambidexterity, exploration, exploitation, innovation performance
Objavljeno: 10.01.2018; Ogledov: 27; Prenosov: 1
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The exploitation and opportunities of turism potential of regions lagging behind in South-TransdanubiaMónika Berki
, János Csapó
, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: If we have a look at the „negative regions” or in other words the regions lagging behind in Hungary we can distinguish between external and internal peripheries. The external peripheries are associated with border areas, the internal ones with agricultural activities. In these micro regions unemployment rate is above the national average, income position is below the average, the share of foreign capital and entrepreneurial activity is low. Those micro regions facing the problems of bordering areas can be found at almost every bordering areas except for the western region, while the ones facing the sectoral problems of agriculture dominated areas (internal peripheries) can be highlighted in South-Transdanubia (Baranya, Somogy and Tolna counties), or North East Hungary (Hajdúság). Most of these regions though are rich in natural and cultural resources (national parks, protected natural areas of course due to their bordering function they have not been disturbed by economic activities) which may offer opportunities for tourism. The appearing problems of development include the poor infrastructure of the towns and villages, the higher than average ratio of poverty ridden residential areas and the low standard of community services and public utilities.
In our study we chose two micro regions with characteristic features to demonstrate the problem on a micro regional level.
Ključne besede: lagging regions, tourism potential, opportunities, exploitation
Objavljeno: 02.03.2018; Ogledov: 62; Prenosov: 1
Celotno besedilo (340,56 KB)