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1.
The right to cyborgization in Slovenia
Blaž Ivanc, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: right to health, cyborg, legal regulation, personality, ethics, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 40; Prenosov: 7
URL Povezava na datoteko

2.
Impact of multiple sclerosis on infertility and impact of infertility treatments on multiple sclerosis relapses in Slovenia
Eda Vrtačnik-Bokal, Urban Vrtačnik, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system. It is common in the reproductive period and can lead to infertility and significant disability. The treatment on multiple sclerosis is recently more successful and enables better quality of life, therefore rising hope and desire for the future parents, also in terms of successful infertility treatments. In this context the couples should be managed concerning the detrimental effect of the disease itself on fertility, detrimental effect of the drugs used for treatment on gonads and in terms of the implementation of drugs used for ovarian stimulation and their impact on the basic disease (MS). Article finds solutions on the legal outcomes in situations where infertility treatments may negatively impact the progress of MS, as well as the solutions on how to (successfully) provide infertility treatments to the patients with MS. It proposes interdisciplinary approach between gynecologists and neurologists to perform required weighting of benefits and risks (burdens), deriving from specific action or treatment, whereas for the patients who shall not undergo infertility treatments due to their medical status, related to MS, it proposes storage of gametes under conditions, set by the law.
Ključne besede: multiple sclerosis, infertility, in vitro fertilization, MAR, ZZNPOB, ZPacP, medical ethics
Objavljeno: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 36; Prenosov: 17
URL Povezava na datoteko

3.
General Guidelines for Academic Integrity
Loreta Tauginienė, Milan Ojsteršek, Tomáš Foltýnek, Franca Marino, Marco Consentino, Inga Gaižauskaitė, Irene Glendinning, Shiva Sivasubramaniam, Salim Razi, Laura Ribeiro, Tatjana Odiņeca, Oliver Trevisiol, 2018, znanstvena monografija

Opis: These general guidelines serve as a supportive document for the glossary for academic integrity (sub-output 3G) that describes the definitions of terms related to academic integrity. They serve to help build common understandings of integrity issues in both academia and business. The guidelines outline minimum requirements and responsibilities of various stakeholders in academia. Many of the guidelines are necessarily general, but, where relevant, we provide country-specific examples as well as adjusting to meet to the needs of different fields of study/research. The general guidelines are addressed to a full range of stakeholders, including national ombudspersons, judicial authorities, compliance officers, research project managers and other related bodies or units in academia (such as policy units, educators/instructors, senior administrator/managers/coordinators) as well as students, the business sector and others.
Ključne besede: guidelines, academic integrity, academic writing, academic publishing, ethics, plagiarism, copyright, data fabrication, data falsification, cheating
Objavljeno: 15.10.2019; Ogledov: 553; Prenosov: 37
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1001,05 KB)
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4.
Glossary for Academic Integrity
Loreta Tauginienė, Inga Gaižauskaitė, Irene Glendinning, Július Kravjar, Milan Ojsteršek, Laura Ribeiro, Tatjana Odiņeca, Franca Marino, Marco Consentino, Shiva Sivasubramaniam, Tomáš Foltýnek, 2018, znanstveni terminološki slovar, enciklopedija ali tematski leksikon

Opis: This glossary serves as a basis to further common understanding on academic integrity through learning new terms and rediscovering old terms in new contexts. The need for this document derives from the variety of terms that are commonly used, but under different contexts. In this sense, we attempted to arrive at a common meaning. This glossary could be of value to national ombudspersons, judicial authorities, compliance officers, research project managers and other related bodies or units in academia as well as students, business sector and others.
Ključne besede: glossary, academic integrity, plagiarism, ethics, research, academic misconduct, academic writing, copyright
Objavljeno: 13.10.2019; Ogledov: 740; Prenosov: 31
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,20 MB)
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5.
Medicine between ethics and scientific progress
Joseph Straus, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The progress of medicine is heavily dependent on the progress of science and technology, which in turn depend on costly and risky investment in research and development. In this contribution, based on some concrete examples, new scientific achievements are presented as basis of modern medicine and source of ethical concerns. Addressed are also the role of scientists in coping with safety in ethical concerns as regards hazards of new technologies, costs of R&D investment in drug development and the role of patents in this context. In some detail the legal situation existing at an international and European level as regards exclusions from patentability based on reasons of ethics and morals is presented. A critical appraisal of the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union as regards patentability of embryonic stem cells is offered.
Ključne besede: ethics, scientific progress, costs of R&D, role of patents, CJEU case law
Objavljeno: 08.10.2018; Ogledov: 219; Prenosov: 40
.pdf Celotno besedilo (840,59 KB)
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6.
Organizational culture in service sector
Irena Gorenak, 2015, znanstvena monografija

Opis: In every organization various modes of behaviour of the employees, their various activities, interpersonal relationships and customs can be observed. In some organizations the employees are all on first-namebasis, still in others they address themselves formally. In some organizations the employees use academic titles and surnames; still in others they call themselves by names, only. In some organizations each employee has its own office, whereas in others they are all use one office, which may be separated by improvised walls. In some organizations the employees celebrate personal holidays together, whereas in others they do not. In some organizations they pose each other obstacles and obstruct each other’s work, but in others no such misconduct can be detected. Differences may also be observed within one single organization. Differences are even greater and more noticeable in cases of organizations from other environments, neighbouring countries or even from other continents. In the business world the differences are present, they should be recognized, and the existing diversity should be tolerated; however, this is not enough; diversity should also be understood and made use of to the benefit of everybody. Significant behaviour of the group of people within an organization, or at its work, in a country or a state is described by the term of culture, which can simply be defined as: “This is the way we operate, act, aim at. This is the way we work …”. It is a question of the mode of behaviour of people within an organization, among themselves and towards others, of their customs and habits, and of all the characteristics of behaviour in an organization in a wider sense. Culture is an organizational factor, directly linked to all the other elements of the organization, its environment and every individual. Every activity, change or behaviour is reflected also on the culture and vice versa, every change of culture triggers the changes in every other area of organization. For this reason it is important to manage the culture, as this is beneficial for the organization as a whole and every individual, in particular.
Ključne besede: organization, organizational culture, values, communication, social responsibility, business ethics, service sector
Objavljeno: 08.05.2018; Ogledov: 626; Prenosov: 56
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,59 MB)
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7.
Disturbing the balance - Woody Allen reads Dostoyevsky
Michał Bobrowski, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper discusses the polemic, intertextual correspondence which occurs between Woody Allen’s drama Crimes and Misdemeanors and Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s novel The Brothers Karamazov. Through a comparative analysis, the author reveals structural analogies between both works, but also fundamental ideological differences. Dostoyevky’s approach to the subject of the moral consequences of rejection of religious faith was that of a follower of the Orthodox faith. For Allen, a similar topic became the pretext for deliberations on man’s existential solitude.
Ključne besede: literature, film, intertextuality, Orthodox faith, Fjodor M. Dostoevsky, Brothers Karamazov, Woody Allen, Crimes and Misdemeanors, essays, ethics
Objavljeno: 06.02.2018; Ogledov: 391; Prenosov: 252
.pdf Celotno besedilo (411,40 KB)
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8.
Teaching ethics and critical thinking in contemporary schools
Bojan Borstner, Smiljana Gartner, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Basic ethical questions, dilemmas and especially decisions do not only affect the life of an individual but can also affect lives of others. In some professional ethics, where decisions about a person's life or death are made, decisions can even be irreversible. In this contribution three ways of deciding by highlighting critical, and reflective decision-making or systematic thought process as the most effective method in ethics have been pointed out. Therefore, taking ethics as a critically reflective morality highlights the fact that we can talk about ethical exploration, so ethics is a process of thinking, not a set of established answers that need only to be passively accepted. It could be concluded that the study of and practice in, evaluating arguments and evidence (moral decision making) via critical thinking as well as using other important skills (raising questions according to Blooms taxonomy and doing a lot of case studies) is the best way to achieve the most fundamental goal in teaching an ethical course -- becoming a better person. And is therefore something that should be in every curriculum.
Ključne besede: authority, critical thinking, ethics, teaching ethics, decision making, intuitions
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 332; Prenosov: 50
.pdf Celotno besedilo (547,37 KB)
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9.
Codes of ethics and codes of conduct for using ICT in education
Franci Pivec, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Codes of conduct (and ethical codes) are a way of ensuring that positive impact in the community prevails. Higher education environments that have standardized ICT management show higher quality of performance if compared to those who have not. Also characteristic for these environments is their strong willingness for change. A university is a place of scientific communication and, thus, ICT and especially the Internet represent access to a new development phase to which the best universities are strongly dedicated. In this way, also ethics returns to the core of the mission undertaken by higher education institutions. Many countries around the world are adopting National Educational Technology Standards (NETS), which have been developed and are continuously updated within the ISTE Association and at the same time represent a code of conduct for students, teachers, administrators and all others involved in high-quality study. These standards must be supported with code of ethics, because they depend on considerations of important moral values.
Ključne besede: ethics, conduct, codes, education, IT, National Educational Technology Standards, NETS, information technology
Objavljeno: 29.11.2017; Ogledov: 536; Prenosov: 218
.pdf Celotno besedilo (433,26 KB)
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10.
Ethics in public administration
Zlatko Nedelko, Vojko Potočan, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main purpose of this paper is to examine how employeesʼ personal ethics, expressed through their personal values and attitudes toward social and environmental issues, are associated with the ethics of organizations in public administration. The authors introduce their own theoretical model that examines the relations between employeesʼ personal ethics - expressed through employeesʼ personal values and attitudes toward natural and social environments - and the ethics of public administration. The reported study examined these relations and tested a proposed model based on the answers of 212 employees from public administration organizations in Slovenia. Employeesʼ attitudes toward natural and social environments and the ethics of their organizations were measured using a questionnaire designed to measure aspects of ethics whereas personal values were measured using the Schwartz value survey. The results demonstrated that employeesʼ self-enhancing values significantly influence their attitudes toward the natural environment. Employeesʼ self-transcendence and self-enhancement values significantly influence their attitudes toward the social environment and the ethics of organizations. In addition, research results about the mediation effect of employeesʼ attitudes toward natural and social environments on the association between the employeesʼ personal values and their perception of the ethics of public administration organizations reveals that employeesʼ social attitudes have a significant impact on the ethics of public administration while the impact of self-transcending and self-enhancing values becomes insignificant. Based on results of testing our model we can conclude that the employeeʼs attitudes toward to the social environment represent a significantly more powerful predictor of ethics in public administration organizations than the employeesʼ personal values. These results present a solid basis for further theoretical and practical advancement of public administration ethics.
Ključne besede: attitudes, ethics, natural environment, public administration, Slovenia, social environment, values
Objavljeno: 14.07.2017; Ogledov: 538; Prenosov: 250
.pdf Celotno besedilo (396,63 KB)
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