| | SLO | ENG | Piškotki in zasebnost

Večja pisava | Manjša pisava

Iskanje po katalogu digitalne knjižnice Pomoč

Iskalni niz: išči po
išči po
išči po
išči po
* po starem in bolonjskem študiju

Opcije:
  Ponastavi


1 - 3 / 3
Na začetekNa prejšnjo stran1Na naslednjo stranNa konec
1.
Pulzni tlak pri bolnikih z arterijsko hipertenzijo v Sloveniji
Marjetka Pal, Marjan Pajntar, Branimir Leskošek, Jože Drinovec, Polonca Ferk, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Namen: Namen naše študije je bil določiti porazdelitev pulznega tlaka (PP), sistoličnega (SBP) in diastoličnega (DBP) krvnega tlaka v odvisnosti od spola in starosti ter ugotoviti odnos med PP, SBP in DBP. Analizirali smo podatke za 19972 bolnikov z arterijsko hipertenzijo v Sloveniji. Metode: Podatke o meritvah arterijskega krvnega tlaka (SBP, DBP) na nadlahti smo pridobili pri več kot 360 družinskih zdravnikih iz zdravstvenih kartotek bolnikov. Večino podatkov smo zbrali v obdobju 2002-2006. Rezultati: Povprečen PP je bil (71,2 +- 16,9) mmHg, povprečen SBP (172,8 +- 18,1) mmHg in povprečen DBP (101,6 +- 10,4) mmHg. Analiza z linearno regresijo je pokazala statistično značilno povezavo PP tako s starostjo (p < 0,001) kot tudi s spolom (p < 0,001). Pulzni tlak je naraščal s starostjo, pri moških in ženskah podobno. Ženske so imele statistično značilno višji PP (p < 0,001) kot moški v starostnem obdobju 35-65 let, razlika pa je bila manj izrazita po 80. letu starosti. Pulzni tlak je v črki U podobnem odnosu z DBP ter v skoraj linearnem odnosu s SBP. Zaključek: Rezultati naše študije kažejo, da je PP pri slovenskih bolnikih z arterijsko hipertenzijo odvisen tako od spola kot od starosti bolnika, na osnovi česar želimo spomniti na pomen upoštevanja PP pri načrtovanju antihipertenzivnega zdravljenja.
Ključne besede: pulse pressure, arterial hypertension, epidemiology, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1242; Prenosov: 18
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

2.
Evaluation of arterial hypertension control in family practice in Slovenia
Marjetka Pal, Branimir Leskošek, Marjan Pajntar, Polonca Ferk, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Objective: We performed a study on almost 20,000 Slovene patients with arterial hypertension (AH) to evaluate age- and gender-dependent blood pressure control, differences in the rate of AH control in the period 2002-2008, and to validate a potential impact of selected quality indicators on blood pressure control. Methods: The study was conducted as a part of the "Quality of Healthcare in Slovenia" project, in agreement with the National Medical Ethics Committee of the Republic of Slovenia. Appropriate statistical analyses were performed and the results evaluated. Results: Arterial hypertension control was relatively high (55.8%, 95% CI: 55.1-56.5) in the period 2002-2008 and improved significantly during that period. Based on our statistical model, the improved AH control in year 2006 compared to 2002 is particularly due to lower initial blood pressure values before treatment. Uncontrolled AH was largely attributed to uncontrolled systolic blood pressure. We found positive association between AH control and the frequency of blood pressure control in less than six-month time intervals. Conclusions: According to our results, AH control in family practice in Slovenia is relatively high compared to other European countries, but the results refer only to patients visiting their family medicine physicians.
Ključne besede: arterial hypertension, epidemiology, treatment, quality indicators
Objavljeno: 10.05.2017; Ogledov: 400; Prenosov: 43
.pdf Celotno besedilo (250,99 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

3.
Efficacy of a bundle approach in preventing the incidence of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP)
Sandra Burja, Tina Belec, Nika Bizjak, Jernej Mori, Andrej Markota, Andreja Sinkovič, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a potentially preventable iatrogenic illness that may develop following mechanical ventilation. A bundle for the prevention of VAP consists of different measures which may vary between institutions, and may include: elevation of the head of the bed, oral care with chlorhexidine, subglottic suctioning, daily assessment for extubation and the need for proton-pump inhibitors, use of closed suction systems, and maintaining endotracheal cuff pressure at 25 cmH2O. Our aim was to determine the efficacy of a VAP prevention bundle, consisting of the above-mentioned measures, by evaluating the incidence of VAP before (no-VAP-B group) and after (VAP-B group) the introduction of the bundle. We retrospectively evaluated the data for patients who were mechanically ventilated with an endotracheal tube, in the period between 1 September and 31 December 2014 (no-VAP-B group, n = 55, 54.5% males, mean age 67.8 ± 14.5 years) and between 1 January to 30 April 2015 (VAP-B group, n = 74, 62.1% males, mean age 64.8 ± 13.7 years). There were no statistically significant differences between no-VAP-B and VAP-B groups in demographic data, intensive care unit (ICU) mortality, hospital mortality, duration of ICU treatment, and duration of mechanical ventilation. No significant differences in the rates of VAP and early VAP (onset ≤7 days after intubation) were found between no-VAP-B and VAP-B groups (41.8% versus 25.7%, p = 0.06 and 10.9% versus 12.2%, p > 0.99, respectively). However, a significant decrease in the late VAP (onset >8 days after intubation) was found in VAP-B group compared to no-VAP-B group (13.5% versus 30.9%, p = 0.027). Overall, our results support the use of VAP prevention bundle in clinical practice.
Ključne besede: ventilator-associated pneumonia, VAP, primary prevention, epidemiology, medical devices, intratracheal intubation, bundle
Objavljeno: 13.11.2017; Ogledov: 442; Prenosov: 161
.pdf Celotno besedilo (96,15 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

Iskanje izvedeno v 0.04 sek.
Na vrh
Logotipi partnerjev Univerza v Mariboru Univerza v Ljubljani Univerza na Primorskem Univerza v Novi Gorici