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Weather conditions and crimes prevalence in Ifako- Ijaye (Lagos State, Nigeria)
Elisha Ademola Adeleke, Abiodun Daniel Olabode, Abimbola Emmanuel Oni, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper aims to establish how weather parameters influence crimes with a view to understanding the varying levels of crime in the study area. Design/Methods/Approach: Data referring to maximum and minimum temperature, relative humidity, rainfall amount and wind speed, murder, assault, rape, armed robbery, breach of public peace, criminal conspiracy, theft, kidnapping, slave dealings, cultism and burglary were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency, the Oshodi and Nigerian Police Force, Divisional Headquarters, Ifako-Ijaiye, Lagos State. Findings: Results of regression analysis revealed a relationship exists between weather parameters and the prevalence of crimes at a magnitude of 91%; multiple correlation analysis results showed that a relationship exists between rape and weather at a magnitude of 90%. Research Limitations / Implications: This research focused on the role played by the observed weather elements on crime activity in the study area. However, the study suggests further studies on other factors capable of inducing crimes. Originality/Value: The paper deals with an issue not given much attention in the area under study. In Nigeria, criminal activities are typically viewed in terms of peer group influence rather than the weather. Generally, the study has the potential to help realign security measures and inform people of the possibility of being morally influenced by the prevailing weather conditions.
Ključne besede: climate, weather, crime, trend, environment, relationship
Objavljeno: 15.04.2020; Ogledov: 220; Prenosov: 10
.pdf Celotno besedilo (430,63 KB)
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Legal aspects of health implications caused by environmental distress
Rajko Knez, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The article tries to explore legal consequences in cases where the environmental distress causes health implications for individuals. The author begins with the observations from two different angles, that is ex ante and ex post actions. Both approaches differ substantively, since the ex ante approach is applied by state authorities (command-and-control approach, de iure imperii acts), while the ex post approach is by a general rule initiated by individuals against polluters/state. Both approaches are discussed considering the application of EU rules and beyond (ECHR, Aarhus convention). The main emphasis is given to one of the biggest problems, that is the issue of causality, which discourages many plaintiffs from claiming damages. For the so-called post-industrial risks the conventional rules of causality do not suffice, which is why certain courts proposed that changes in this respect are necessary. In addition, the role of NGOs is emphasised, since the NGO can, especially in the ex ante approach, achieve better effects, especially when locus standi is assured.
Ključne besede: environmental protection, healthy living environment, legal remedies in environmental law, ECHR Art. 8, ECHR Art. 2, command-and-control approach, claims for damages, health
Objavljeno: 09.10.2018; Ogledov: 346; Prenosov: 52
.pdf Celotno besedilo (470,49 KB)
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Basic state requirements for environmental aspects to enterprises in the Russian Federation
Oleg Ilyasov, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Ključne besede: legislation, environment, environmental policy, ecology, companies, enterprises, environmental monitoring, laws, Russia
Objavljeno: 10.05.2018; Ogledov: 370; Prenosov: 41
.pdf Celotno besedilo (653,17 KB)
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Environmental management & audit 4: Environmental assessment - featured articles
2016, znanstvena monografija

Opis: The present scientific monograph, entitled “Environmental management & audit“, is the result of three years’ work on an international project entitled “Environmental management in Russian companies – retraining courses for the sensibilization for and integration of Eco-Audit programs in corporate decision-making (RECOAUD)”. Within its more than 600 pages, the monograph features interesting texts written by 31 authors from the European Union and the Russian Federation, edited by dr. Borut Jereb, Darja Kukovič and dr. Daria Meyr. The monograph “Environmental management & audit“ is composed of four books: “Scarcity and Introduction of Environmental Management”, “Management Systems”, “Controlling and Stakeholders”, and “Environmental Assessment” (Featured Articles). These four topics reflect the complexity, heterogeneity and multidisciplinary of the project Tempus RECOAUD. The reader of the monograph gets a comprehensive overview of theoretical perspectives of environmental management and audit in the chosen areas. Furthermore, the monograph also highlights the results of research in the field of environmental management and audit as well as trends and challenges in the development of this field. Providing insight into theoretical and research findings, the monograph will prove useful to both practitioners and researchers in the field of environmental management and audit; it can also be used for study purposes.
Ključne besede: logistics, environment, climate change adaptation, sustainability, reverse logistics, life cycle assessment, environmental impact assessment, waste management, oil industry, gas industry, pollution
Objavljeno: 09.05.2018; Ogledov: 688; Prenosov: 69
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,51 MB)
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Evaluation of the influence of the macro-environment on the social innovation activity of enterprises
Liliya Satalkina, Nestor Shpak, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: Nowadays the emphasis on social components in the general mainstream of innovation activity is one of the strongest grounds for the successful functioning and development of enterprises. In several countries, social innovation activity is becoming a product of business in general, with associated expectations regarding profit. Objectives: The goal of the article is to develop a toolkit for the evaluation of the influence of the macro-environment on the social innovation activity (SIA) of enterprises. Method: The methodology includes elements of theoretical and empirical research with the implementation of methods such as a literature review, all types of analysis, and methods of aggregation and integration. Questionnaires were used as a means of data collection. Results: The general methodological framework of diagnostics of the SIA macro-environment is distinguished. Based on a theoretical analysis of the SIA ecosystem and the experience of operating enterprises, the main factors of SIA macro-environment are determined. The general integrated index and its five-level interpretational model are proposed as a measure for the evaluation of the SIA macro-environment. Conclusion: The results presented provide data necessary for the argumentation of SIA strategy and tactics, as well as investment policy in this sphere.
Ključne besede: enterprise, social innovation activity, diagnostics, macro-environment, factors
Objavljeno: 07.05.2018; Ogledov: 620; Prenosov: 230
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,18 MB)
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Depleting state of stratospheric ozone
Mohammad Afsar Alam, 2016, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Though the basic needs of the humans are prioritized first, health and quality of environment are also equally important. Environmental issues are based on many and different things. One of these is the depleting state of Stratospheric Ozone in the atmosphere. The ozone layer is vital to life on earth because it acts as a filter for UV radiation, which can have severe impacts on human health and the earth’s environment. As estimated, every one per cent decrease in the ozone layer results in the increase of ultraviolet light intensity at the earth's surface by two per cent. Known effects of ultraviolet exposure include greater incidence of skin cancer and eye cataracts among humans and diminished crop yields for foods such as peas, beans, and squash and soya beans. Phytoplankton, the tiny one celled Ocean plants that are staple food for squid, fish, seals, and whales also are vulnerable to Ultra violet radiations. Depletion of ozone layer is one of the main issues of the world today. Concerning to these issue two important meetings had been hold i.e. known by the Montreal Protocol and Vienna Convention. Most of the world countries are part of this Montreal Protocol and Vienna Convention. Eritrea is also part of Montreal Protocol and Vienna Convention. In the present paper basically an attempt has been made to show the world’s concern in general and the Eritrea’s in particular about the conservation measures taken on mitigation of Ozone layer. This research paper also emphasizes on the global problem of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODSs) releasing from different industries and specific sources. Besides, the study further includes the existence of naturally created Ozone hole on the Polar Regions.
Ključne besede: ozone layer, depletion, chlorofluorocarbons, CFCs, environment
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 418; Prenosov: 63
.pdf Celotno besedilo (200,22 KB)
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Urbanisation, urban environmental quality, national socio-economic conditions and diseases burden in Africa
Richard Ingwe, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The investigation of socio-economic, political and environmental aspects of urbanization in Africa is gaining research attention. Most recently, information on the patterns in urbanization, population growth, slumisation, among other aspects of urban Africa within the past quarter of a century or thereabout were reported. While this report elucidated on the relevant challenges, it was restricted to the regional patterns of the variables investigated. This report indicates that more information on the sub-regional aspects of these variables is required to elucidate on urban planning in the region and its sub-regions. Here, the ways forward in investigating these issues and variables underlying them are outlined. The theoretical, methodological, spatial and temporal aspects or requirements of the proposed research are discussed to provide a compass for future research.
Ključne besede: urbanization, population dynamics, Africa, sub-regions, socio-economic conditions, environment, theory, method, slumisation
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 580; Prenosov: 47
.pdf Celotno besedilo (301,56 KB)
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Development of the testing environment for ultra high frequency receivers
Boris Hrastnik, 2018, magistrsko delo

Opis: The thesis describes the development of the test environment for Ultra High Frequency receivers. The proposed test environment replaces the universal, expensive and professional measurement equipment with dedicated computer controlled integrated circuits. For radio frequency modules` testing, all functionalities from the previous test environment are supported, e.g. existing tests, used modulation and coding techniques, as well as the communication package and interference control. The proposed test environment additionally supports more coding techniques and more use cases. While developing, we tended to small dimensions, low price, specifications, functionality and reliability. At first, the previous test environment is presented, as well as its shortcomings and the specifications for the proposed test environment. Further presented are the basic theory and test methods. At the end, we introduce the proposed test environment, its development and operations.
Ključne besede: testing environment, ultra-high frequency, modulation, radio frequency systems
Objavljeno: 15.03.2018; Ogledov: 779; Prenosov: 138
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,84 MB)

Principal space-related transformation processes demonstrated by maps of the Atlas of Eastern and Southeastern Europe
Peter Jordan, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The article highlights some principal transformation processes in the post-Communist transformation countries of Central and Southeast Europe. This comprises (1) environmental change, (2) growing spatial disparities, (3) democratic transformation with a focus on administrative decentralisation and (4) the consequences of a rise in national and ethnic consciousness. As its main source this article is based on the Atlas of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, edited as a thematic map series since 1989 by the author of this article.
Ključne besede: transformation, Central Europe, Southeast Europe, environment, spatial disparities, administrative decentralisation, national consciousness
Objavljeno: 14.03.2018; Ogledov: 499; Prenosov: 70
.pdf Celotno besedilo (175,53 KB)
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Reduction of sludge volume in waste waters at the end of the drinking water treatment process
Rebeka Fakin, 2018, magistrsko delo

Opis: Water treatment at Seierstad drinking water treatment plant is done by chemical coagulation using aluminum-based coagulant. The quality of the drinking water source – Lake Farris, has decreased throughout the years, that is why more and more particles, organic matter and dissolved minerals must be removed. That contributes to the volume of sludge being produced at the end of the process. The main objective of the assignment is to reduce sludge volume by coagulation and flocculation in the sedimentation basins using a coagulant/flocculent. In order to choose the right coagulant tests have been performed in the laboratory and on the actual process. The laboratory analyses showed great potential and one of the coagulants has been chosen and tested on the actual process. The testing was followed up for the entire summer of 2016 and then compared to the year before. We have been following the pH and Al3+ content in the water being released back to the environment and visibility in the top water layer in the sedimentation basin. Cost analysis, including the cost of chemicals and electricity usage, has been done. The sludge reduction was successful, and it was approximately 49% less than the year before.
Ključne besede: Water treatment, lake Farris, sludge treatment using coagulation and flocculation, effects of aluminum on the environment.
Objavljeno: 09.03.2018; Ogledov: 616; Prenosov: 72
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,97 MB)

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