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Perspectives of artificial intelligence in judiciary: application in selected parts of civil proceedings
Mariia Sokolova, 2021, magistrsko delo

Opis: The master’s thesis is devoted to the issue of Artificial Intelligence (AI) perspectives in the judiciary, in particular, its application to selected parts of civil proceedings. AI affects virtually the future of every industry and every human being. The application of AI technologies in the legal industry is an issue of growing interest. In particular, attention is drawn to the judicial system due to the fact that, apart from its position of guarantor of justice in society enabling its members to enjoy their rights and freedoms granted by law, it is a service of its nature. Almost all leading jurisdictions apply AI systems in attempts to enhance the efficiency of the court proceedings. Without any doubts, AI already and successfully can imitate activities traditionally performed by humans in the courts: from vision, recognising and extracting information, whether from the document, picture or natural speech, to analysing of information received and predicting the outcomes or decision-making. However, it is hard to say that AI-era in the judiciary has already begun. There is no jurisdiction in the world in which AI is fully given ‘green light’- they are all at the beginning of the AI-journey. That is mostly due to the fact that the same technical specifications, which power achievements, accuracy and flexibility of AI, place serious limitations for the wide application thereof. First of all, AI systems rely on data, which can be biased or spoiled in another way initially or easily manipulated later. Secondly, AI systems are not transparent (black-box-problem) and, as a result, are incomprehensible. These two shortcomings place an obstacle for the correct realisation of some fundamental rights in civil proceedings in their traditional understanding, and consequently, for the wide deployment of AI systems therein. It is concluded that the application of AI in the judiciary, in general, and in the civil proceedings, in particular, is subject of sufficient limitations mostly due to incompliance of AI systems with the traditional understanding of fundamental rights and principles the civil proceedings stand on. In the pursuit of the effectiveness of judiciary by means of AI application, fundamental guarantees can appear at stake, and vice versa, in the pursuit of respect of fundamental rights, the judiciary may be left out of the modern world in the stage of complete inadequacy to the needs of the society, therefore, the issue is required extensive research in order to find a fair and right balance.
Ključne besede: artificial intelligence, judiciary, civil proceedings, AI-judge, efficiency of the judiciary, automatic decision-making
Objavljeno: 24.09.2021; Ogledov: 41; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,13 MB)

Safety, security, and crime prevention in rural areas of Krasnodarskyi Krai and the Republic of Adygea
Anton Petrovskiy, 2020, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The purpose of the article is to study crime and crime prevention in the rural areas of Krasnodarskyi krai and the Republic of Adygea to make suggestions for how to enhance the public security system. Design/Methods/Approach: The following methods were applied to assess crime in the rural areas of the two Russian Southern regions for the period between 2015 and 2019: a statistical observation, and calculation of a crimes index analysis of law enforcement reports. Findings: In order to ensure public security of the population in rural areas it is necessary to decentralise the crime prevention system in Russia by transferring law enforcement powers to the municipal bodies, by creating municipal police and a system for the re-socialisation of former criminals. Research Limitations/Implications: Crime in the rural areas of Krasnodarskyi krai and the Republic of Adygea depends on the impact of local factors. As a result, the reasons and conditions of similar crimes in the rural areas of Central Russia might differ. Practical Implications: The results could be used by the local authorities in planning crime prevention measures and enhancing crime prevention in the rural areas of the regions under study. Originality / Value: The article is the first study of the criminological characteristics of crime in the rural areas of Krasnodarskyi krai and the Republic of Adygea since 2014, suggesting measures to boost crime prevention with regard to the contemporary socio-economic situation.
Ključne besede: public security, crime prevention, rural area, efficiency of police activity
Objavljeno: 04.01.2021; Ogledov: 169; Prenosov: 7
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Perceptions of the Belgrade police detectives about core principles of democratic policing in Serbia
Radomir Zekavica, Želimir Kešetović, Tanja Kesić, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The main subject of this paper is the analysis of attitudes of police officers (detectives) in Belgrade Criminal Investigation Department (CID) about the core principles of democratic policing – protecting the citizens, commitment to the law, legal constraints of police activities and their impact on the effectiveness of policing, control of police and their legal liability. We also analyzed their views on legal solutions regulating the application of those police powers which are of greatest importance for the protection of human rights and freedoms of citizens. Design/Methods/Approach: The work is based on empirical research conducted in the period from September to October 2009 which included 250 (a 25 % sample) police officers in the Belgrade Police Depatment. The questionnaire comprised 49 question, the first six of which pertaining to demographic data. Most questions were of the closed form. Findings: The results of the research show that Belgrade police highly value objectives that are in the function of protecting interests of citizens, cooperation with citizens and absence of all forms of discrimination. They have shown animosity towards the law, as they perceive the law as a factor that limits thier efficiency. Efficiency of the police work is higly valued even at the cost of potentially violating human rights during the investigation. They consider the control of police work neccessary, preceiving the forms of internal control more useful than external control, especially those exerted by courts. Research limitations: This is an exploratory research, its results show tendencies and broad generalizations are not possible. Practical implications: Research results can be useful for police managers and for trainers in adjusting performance and attitudes of police officers in Belgrade PD. Originality/Value: The paper presents the findings of research upon which conclusions have been drawn regarding the perception of subjects regarding the most important issues arising from the democratic reform of police in Serbia.
Ključne besede: police, law, efficiency, human rights, control, accountability
Objavljeno: 04.05.2020; Ogledov: 270; Prenosov: 12
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Youth drug and crime prevention practices in Hungary as reflected in the opinions of students and professionals
Fruzsina Albert, Olga Tóth, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: In this article, we will try to compare how different actors view/experience current prevention practices of youth delinquency in Hungary. Design/Methods/Approach: We use both qualitative and quantitative data regarding the views of the professionals involved in working with young people and 14–17 year old students’ opinions on existing prevention programs on youth violence and delinquent behaviour and their perceived effectiveness. Findings: The repressive approach, although increasingly important, is not considered very effective. The educational system seems to be the best framework for prevention, but also community development should be important, as useful freetime activities and locations for such are widely missing. Central policy making efforts could be useful to introduce elements of crime prevention (in the broadest sense) in the school curricula. There is a significant difference between the opinion of students and professionals regarding the role of teachers in prevention activities. While experts consider that teachers should play an increased role in prevention in the future, young people are often quite sceptical about these actors. Originality/Value: A unique feature of this article is that it brings together and can reflect opinions of the actors involved in prevention.
Ključne besede: youth delinquency, crime prevention programs, efficiency, Hungary
Objavljeno: 23.04.2020; Ogledov: 335; Prenosov: 13
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Analytical modelling of achieving energy efficiency with green walls
Dejan Tasić, 2019, magistrsko delo

Opis: In the last years, energy efficiency has become an important issue for the EU and Slovenia, who both strive for more sustainable use of energy in buildings. As an innovative approach to such matter, green walls are vertical structures that can serve both as a façade or an insulation layer as well as an aesthetic design for building application. This thesis contains calculated annual heat (transmission) losses through different wall assemblies with and without a constructed green wall in front of them. The goal is to compare values of heat losses between those wall assemblies and the explanation of such results which will determine if green walls present a viable energy-efficient structure for buildings.
Ključne besede: energy efficiency, green wall, heat losses, modelling
Objavljeno: 18.11.2019; Ogledov: 853; Prenosov: 81
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,83 MB)

Yield performance and agronomic efficiency in oil pumpkins (Cucurbita pepo L. group Pepo) depending on production systems and varieties
Manfred Jakop, Silva Grobelnik Mlakar, Martina Bavec, Martina Robačer, Tjaša Vukmanič, Urška Lisec, Franc Bavec, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In 2013 and 2014, a long-term trial (which was established in 2007) was conducted at the University Agricultural Centre in Pivola near Hoče. It included different production systems (conventional, integrated, organic, biodynamic), carried out in a field trial with oil pumpkins. The aim of the research was to analyse the effects of different production systems, varieties (hybrid and population variety) and years of production, on formation of oil pumpkin yields. The agricultural practice has been carried out in accordance with the applicable legislations and standards for the individual production system. When sowing, before fertilizing with nitrogen in early June and after the harvest, the amount of soil mineral nitrogen was monitored. We evaluated the number and weight of harvestable, unripe and decayed fruits, and yield of oil seed pumpkins and calculated the agronomic efficiency of the applied nutrients. The results showed that the year of production, the production system and the variety have a significant effect on some fruit characteristics and the yield of oil pumpkin seeds. The content of soil mineral nitrogen in May and September was significantly influenced by the production system and the year. In June, only the production system had a significant effect. The hybrid significantly increased the yields of oil pumpkin seeds in all production systems, even in the year that was less suitable for production. The agronomic efficiency of the applied nutrients in the biodynamic and organic production system is higher or equal than in the conventional production system, similarly, agronomic efficiency is higher in the hybrid compared to the oldest population variety efficiently. A comparable oil pumpkin yield can be expected in biodynamic and organic production, when proper nutrition and well carried out cultivation practices are combined with a new variety, when compared to less sustainable production systems, which often cause damage to the environment.
Ključne besede: production systems, variety, oil pumkins, mineral nitrogen, agronomic efficiency, yield
Objavljeno: 10.10.2018; Ogledov: 1169; Prenosov: 272
.pdf Celotno besedilo (290,91 KB)
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Monitoring of quality in health care using indicators
Mircha Poldrugovac, Tit Albreht, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A number of stakeholders identified the need to revise the national set of quality indicators. The objectives of monitoring quality indicators that were determined in 2010 for the most part were not accomplished. Key reasons include: insufficient communication between stakeholders after the indicator set was introduced, insufficient definition of human and financial resources necessary for indicators' monitoring, lack of a thorough ICT structure that could support indicators' monitoring and weak leadership for these activities. A new performance indicators' set requires a clear identification of the objectives to be pursued and consequently of the theoretical framework for the indicators. Mostly it is necessary in addition to the identification of the challenges so far, to also recognize what are the possibilities to strengthen this area in the future.
Ključne besede: quality, health care, health promotion, efficiency
Objavljeno: 09.10.2018; Ogledov: 402; Prenosov: 57
.pdf Celotno besedilo (564,57 KB)
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Principles of national procedural law in summary procedures and the principle of effectiveness of the European law
José Caramelo Gomes, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents the limits to the applicability of national procedural rules to the enforcement of European Union law by national courts in general and the European Small Claims Procedure in particular. It discusses several Court of Justice of the European Union principles, such as the principle of the institutional and procedural autonomy of the Member States, the principle of equivalence and the principle of effectiveness and points to the probable evolution of the case-law on the value and validity of national law incompatible with the European Union law.
Ključne besede: European Union, procedural law, litigation, judicial proceedings, efficiency
Objavljeno: 23.07.2018; Ogledov: 390; Prenosov: 33
.pdf Celotno besedilo (114,05 KB)

Material flow cost accounting
Manuela Ingaldi, Dorota Klimecka-Tatar, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Ključne besede: material costs, material efficiency, material flow, material flow cost accounting, MFCA
Objavljeno: 11.05.2018; Ogledov: 1519; Prenosov: 58
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,29 MB)
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The importance of intercultural competencies in logistics
Irena Gorenak, Bojan Rosi, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Ključne besede: logistics, intercultural competencies, efficiency, effectiveness, economic utility, companies
Objavljeno: 09.05.2018; Ogledov: 474; Prenosov: 44
.pdf Celotno besedilo (400,38 KB)
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