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Behaviour of the subway tunnel in Algiers
Abdelbaki Seriani, Kismoune Thésard, Tayeb Serradj, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Tunnel construction projects are too expensive to be approached directly without a preliminary small-scale model study and subsequent verification with a mathematical model, if needed. These studies enable to avoid unforeseen consequences which emerge at the time of the project realization. It is within this framework that we carried out our investigations. The behaviour of a subway tunnel in Algiers and the state of transition of the surrounding ground during digging are studied from an experimental point of view via a 1/20 physical model scale.
Ključne besede: tunnel, equivalent material, physical modelling, supports, deformations, rupture, loosened zone
Objavljeno: 18.05.2018; Ogledov: 140; Prenosov: 15
.pdf Celotno besedilo (795,52 KB)
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A 3D nonlinear dynamic analysis of a rock-fill dam based on IZIIS software
Violeta Mircevska, Vladimir Bickovski, Mihail Garevski, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper treats the 3D nonlinear dynamic behavior of a rock-fill dam based on the Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion. The dam is situated in a steep, narrow, “V-shaped” rigid canyon. The concept of a massless rock foundation is treated, for which a certain part of the rock is included in the model. The dam-rock interface was modeled by contact elements, which allowed certain relative displacements between the two media of different stiffnesses. The generation of the 3D mathematical model was related to the topology of the terrain, and the nonlinear dynamic response was based on the "step-by-step" linear-acceleration direct-integration method, making use of the Wilson-θ method. The convergence process was in accordance with the Newton-Raphson method. First, the initial static effective stresses existing in the conditions of the established stationary filtration through the clayey core were defined. The analysis was based on an original FE program for the static and dynamic analyses of rock-fill dams, as well as a FE program for the solution of the stationary filtration process through the clayey core. The dynamic response of the 3D model of the dam was defined for the effect of harmonic excitations. Dynamic analyses in the linear and nonlinear domains were performed for the purpose of comparing the results. The time histories of the linear and nonlinear responses were defined for selected sections and nodes of the model, the tension cut-off zones, the plastic deformations, and the stress-shear strain relationships. The coefficient against the sliding of the potential sliding surfaces was also defined. It can be concluded that 3D analyses as well as a nonlinear material treatment of the soils built in the dam are imperative for a proper assessment of the stability of rock-fill dams situated in narrow canyons.
Ključne besede: automatic generation of 3D model, rock-fill dam, nonlinear dynamic analysis, elastic perfectly plastic criterion, tension cutoff, cracking zones, plastic deformations, stability
Objavljeno: 18.05.2018; Ogledov: 623; Prenosov: 36
.pdf Celotno besedilo (923,69 KB)
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A three-dimensional static numerical model of a complex underground structure in high squeezing ground
Tina Marolt Čebašek, Jakob Likar, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The present study assesses high squeezing ground confirmed by empirical and semi-empirical theories. High squeezing ground is often present in underground constructions at great depths, but it is hardly ever researched separately from light and fair squeezing ground. A three-dimensional, static numerical model is developed for a complex underground structure consisting of a shaft, a silo, and a mine roadway at great depth, which is certainly in high squeezing ground. Furthermore, a solution for the entire structure based on shotcrete with incorporated yielding elements is provided. The yielding elements, in general, absorb the strain energy by compressing at a relatively constant stress, but without rebounding. A three-dimensional, static numerical model of a support system with incorporated yielding elements is established in order to demonstrate that the presented forces are under control. Therefore, a failure of the lining is avoided because the stresses in the shotcrete lining are below its load-bearing capacity. It can be concluded that yielding elements incorporated in the shotcrete lining play an important role in the support solution in high squeezing ground.
Ključne besede: high squeezing ground, numerical model, underground structures, deformations, yielding support element
Objavljeno: 14.06.2018; Ogledov: 203; Prenosov: 13
.pdf Celotno besedilo (606,20 KB)
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