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A model for integrated assessment of sustainable development
Damjan Krajnc, Peter Glavič, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The focus of the paper is on consideration of how to use indicators to monitor sustainable development in a relevant and useful manner. Integrated information on sustainable development of a company is very essential for decision-making since it is very difficult to evaluate the performance of the company on the ground of too many indicators. The objective of the work was to design a model for obtaining a composite sustainable development index (ICSD) in order to track integrated information on economic, environmental, and social performance of the company with time. Normalized indicators were associated into three sustainability sub-indices and finally composed into an overall indicator of a company performance. This was applied by determining the impact of individual indicator to the overall sustainability of a company using the concept of analytic hierarchy process. The demonstration of the model used data for a case study company, Henkel, and a set of sustainable development indicators that were classified using the currently most widely accepted approach of the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). Case study was used to measure ICSD and sustainability sub-indices of the company over the time interval of 6 years. Interpretation of results is given and the utility of ICSD with its relevance for decision-making is pointed out. Using a case study, the paper demonstrates that the model can be applied to deliver composite indicators of sustainability performance of companies.
Ključne besede: clean technologies, environmental protection, sustainable development, sustainability indicators, composite index, sustainability assessment, multiattribute decision-making
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1169; Prenosov: 11
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

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ACQUIRING TEMPORAL KNOWLEDGE FOR MAKING DECISIONS IN MEDICAL PROCESSES
Aida Kamišalić Latifić, 2014, doktorska disertacija

Opis: A medical process is a set of medical actions performed by healthcare professionals while making observations about signs and symptoms, ordering interventions, prescriptions, tests, and any other actions in order to solve a health problem that is affecting a particular patient. The objective is to offer a curative, chronic, palliative and/or symptomatic treatments. The capability of a physician to propose an appropriate treatment depends on his/her knowledge of similar clinical cases and by following advances in the treatment of particular diseases. Time is an important concept of the real world that has to be considered in regard to medical processes. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) are a narrative set of recommendations for treating patients suffering from a particular disease. By constantly referring to CPGs physicians can stay up to date with the best evidence-based medical care and with the recommendations of experts. The time dimension is, however, often omitted or only partially covered in CPGs. Some CPGs do contain certain recommendations considering time but often there are huge gaps that are supposed to be overcome by physicians’ own knowledge and experience. At the same time, healthcare centres hold healthcare records and information systems that register medical processes and patients data, including information about the times of any encounters, prescriptions, and other medical actions. Therefore healthcare records and information systems data can be a source for detecting temporal medical knowledge and sound evidence regarding healthcare. This thesis is centred on temporal knowledge acquisition and representation for the purposes of decision-making during medical processes. CPGs were analysed to obtain procedural knowledge models and Extended Timed Transition Diagrams defined for representations of the obtained knowledge. The data about the treatments of patients were analysed in order to detect temporal medical knowledge models that represented those medical procedures that were carried out while the data was being generated. These models thus provided an explicit representation of the time dimensions of past medical procedures. They could be used for complementing the knowledge provided by CPGs, for studying adherences to the CPGs and for representing a basic framework for medical procedural decision support systems development.
Ključne besede: knowledge acquisition, knowledge representation, temporal knowledge, decision-making, medical processes, procedural knowledge modelling
Objavljeno: 25.02.2014; Ogledov: 844; Prenosov: 48
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,91 MB)

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TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE SYSTEM FOR NON-BUREAUCRATIC GOVERNMENT
Aloisius Paulin, 2015, doktorska disertacija

Opis: The present doctoral thesis develops a pioneering system for the self-management of jural eligibilities by means of ICTs as the basis for a novel form of government of juropolitical societies. By means of this system we aim to contribute towards a form of government that would not require a dedicated civil service for the creation, storage, change, and deletion of jural eligibilities in the context of the res publica. In the thesis we explore the concept of jural relations as the atomic links of governmental systems, the composition of the jural relations as such, as well as the role of the jural subjectivity as a crucial component for creating complex systems of jural relations that serve as the underlying structures of juropolitical systems. We then walk through the history of the civil service – the bureaucratic machine, as Banfield called it, to understand its role and implications on the course of civilization, up till present time, where we discuss the impacts of ICTs on the development of the bureaucratic machine as such. We argue that the changes which ICTs so far brought to the government sector through what is known as e-government, e-democracy, and e-governance respectively, are based on unsustainable artefacts and hence there are strong reasons for them to be considered more of a burden to future generations, rather than a source of relief. Based on the implications of the so explored context we describe a model for an information system that would enable self-managed creation and determination of jural eligibilities, and thus self-managed government of juropolitical societies as such. We call this model Sustainable Non-Bureaucratic Government (SNBG). SNBG bases on a network of electronic registries, which store jural facts, from which eligibilities can be derived through a dedicated mechanism, which we call constellation-based reasoning (CBR). CBR bases on a purposely developed fine-grained data access control mechanism, which does not rely on predefined accessor roles, but dynamically enables / disables access to data based on the context of the request and the context of the data stored in the accessed registry. As such, CBR is purposely designed to support changing the rules of access to the stored data by means of collaborative decision making, as such is required in the political legislative context, whereby the rules that regulate such decision making, are again governed by the very same system, which ensures full flexibility of the SNBG system to fluidly undergo at design-time unpredictable transitions that would happen through time. This feature amongst others then, assures the system’s sustainability. We describe the architecture and the stakeholders of SNBG, as well as auxiliary constructs for planning and communicating regulations which make-up the CBR rules. We define the functional characteristics that instances of the electronic registries must satisfy in order to assure sustainability and to be applicable in the juropolitical context in accordance with core jural principles (and in order to avoid the mistakes as conducted in the course of development of e-government artefacts). Then, we describe the instantiation of a prototype SNBG system, i.e. the instantiation of a respective electronic registry that provides CBR-based access to the underlying data stored in a relational database. We evaluate this prototype instantiation based on three demo applications, which prove its technical feasibility in different scenarios. Finally, we evaluate the SNBG model in four different real-world scenarios to argue for its feasibility in crucial governance situations.
Ključne besede: unsustainability of e-government, self-management of jural relations, computability of jural eligibilities, non-bureaucratic government, collaborative decision making, liquid democracy, fine-grained data access control, fair non-repudiation, digital identity
Objavljeno: 04.06.2015; Ogledov: 652; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (11,06 MB)

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