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Dealing with redundancy and inconsistency in constructive geometric constraint solving
David Podgorelec, Borut Žalik, Vid Domiter, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: General constructive geometric constraint solvers are pre-processed by a degree-of-freedom analysis, which enables efficient graph decomposition and recombination. However, all these methods are based on the assumption that structural rigidity automatically assures solvability. In this paper, we show that this assumption fails in numerous, even the most basic, configurations. We introduce several simple but efficient rules aimed to additionally analyse solvability in such cases. Another novelty addresses conditional constraints between three or more geometric parts, rules for their simplification and a redundancy check. All these functionalities are built into our original 2D geometric constraint solver, based on concepts of rigid clusters and constrained-angle (CA) sets.
Ključne besede: geometric constraint solving, computer-aided design, constructive approach, redundant constraints
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 992; Prenosov: 67
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Numerical analysis of constraint effect on ductile tearing in strength mismatched welded CCT specimens using micromechanical approach
Bashir Younise, Marko Rakin, Bojan Medjo, Nenad Gubeljak, Dražan Kozak, Aleksandar Sedmak, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper, constraint effect on ductile fracture initiation and propagation has been studied. Three-dimensional finite element analyses of mismatched welded joints made of high strength steel, have been performed for centre-cracked tensile (CCT) specimens. Different weld widths and material mismatching ratios have been considered. Ductile fracture parameter, crack tip opening displacement at crack growth initiation (CTODi), has been obtained for centre-cracked tensile (CCT) specimens using local approach to fracture and compared with experimental results of single edge bend specimens. Micromechanical complete Gurson model has been applied to investigate fracture behaviour of cracked welded joints. Crack tip constraint has been analysed through stress triaxiality in order to study transferability of fracture parameters from one geometry to another.
Ključne besede: constraint effect, ductile fracture, finite element analysis, material mismatching, stress triaxiality, transferability
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1004; Prenosov: 69
.pdf Celotno besedilo (334,21 KB)
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Micromechanical analysis of constraint effect on fracture initiation in strength mis-matched welded joints
Miloš Dobrojević, Marko Rakin, Nenad Gubeljak, I. Cvijović, Milorad Zrilić, N. Krunich, Aleksandar Sedmak, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper the micromechanical approach to ductile fracture was applied in a study of constraint effect crack growth initiation in mismatched welded joints. The single edged- notched bend specimens (precrack length ▫$a_o/W=0.32$▫) were experimentally and numerically analysed. The coupled micromechanical model prposed by Gurson, Tvergaard and Needleman was used. Constraint effect was tested by varying widths of the welded joints (6, 12 and 18 mm). HSLA steel was used as the base metal in a quenched and tempered condition. The flux-cored arx-welding process in shielding gas was used. Two different fillers were selected to obtain over- and undermatched weld metal. The micromechanical parameters used in prediction of the crack growth initiation on precracked specimen were calibrated on a round smmoth specimen. The difference in fracture behaviour between over- and undermatched welded joints obtained in experimental results was followed by numerical computationsof void volume fraction in front of the crack tip.
Ključne besede: fracture mechanics, ductile fracture, high strength low alloyed steel, cracks, micromechanical model, mismatched welded joints, constraint effect, void growth
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1172; Prenosov: 66
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The re-characterisation of complex defects
Boštjan Bezenšek, John. W. Hancock, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The re-characterisation of complex defects with re-entrant sectors has been addressed for cracks extending by fatigue, ductile tearing and cleavage. In Part I crack extension by fatigue and ductile tearing was discussed. In Part II cleavage data are presented for a family of complex defects with re-entrantsectors. Experimental tests on complex and re-characterised profilesare analysed using deterministic and probabilistic approaches. The work addresses the conservatism of re-characterisation procedures when appliedto cleavage failure on the lower shelf and in the ductile-brittle transition.
Ključne besede: fracture mechanics, structural elements, complex defects, recharacterisation, line-spring analysis, cleavage failure, constraint, statistical fracture mechanics, numerical analysis
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 722; Prenosov: 68
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Strength mismatch effect on yield load in X-shaped weldment with centre crack
Dražan Kozak, Nenad Gubeljak, Jožef Predan, Franjo Matejiček, 2004, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: This paper provides yield load solutions for single edged fracture toughness specimen subjected to bending SE (B) with present X-shaped weld joint. The weld centre crack is located in the overmatch weld part. The corresponding fully plastic yield loads were obtained directly by plain strain FEM analysis for five characteristic a/W ratios: 0,1;0,2;0,3;0,4 and 0,5. Also, the influence of the sistematically varied weld root width 2H on the fracture behaviour has been evaluated. It was found that yield load decreases with the increasing weld root, because the undermatched region ahead the crack tip plays the dominant role.
Ključne besede: fracture mechanics, X-shaped welded joints, centre crack, strength mismatching, plastic yield load, constraint effects
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 997; Prenosov: 24
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The transferability of fracture-mechanics parameters to fracture performance evaluation of welds with mismatching
Masao Toyoda, Zdravko Praunseis, 2000, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The differences in the mechanical properties between different weld-metal regions obviously affect the strain distribution around the crack tip during a fracture test and hence influence the fracture toughness value. The variation in plastic constraint during fracture mechanics testing has an additional effect on the ductile and brittle fracture initiation behaviour of any weld joint. This paper deals with the transferability of fracture toughness results to the fracture performance evaluation of the strenght of mismatch welded joints based on the two-parameter criterion and the local approach. It was found that the numerical simulations based on the transferrable fracture concept are effective in practice.
Ključne besede: welding, welded joints, strength mismatching, plastic constraint, transferability concept
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1226; Prenosov: 225
.pdf Celotno besedilo (802,24 KB)
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Factors influencing the yielding constraint by cracked welded components
Dražan Kozak, Jelena Vojvodič-Tuma, Nenad Gubeljak, Damir Semenski, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The effect of strength mismatch for welded joints performed with different geometries on the yielding constraint has been investigated in the context of single-edged fracture-toughness specimens subjected to bending SE(B) using the finite-element method. The crack was located in the centre of the weld. Two geometri cal parameters have been identified as being the most important: the crack-Iength ratio a/W and the sIenderness of the welded joint (W-a)/H. They were systematically varied as follows: a/W = 0.1; 0.2; 0.3; 0.4; 0.5 and W = 2H, 4H, 8H, 16H, 24H. Basic equations and plane-strain finite-element solutions for the overmatched SE(B) specimen with all configuration combinations are given. The results are in good agreement with those in literature. This paper aims to establish yield-Ioad solutions for the same weldment configurations, but with materials dissimilarity present within the weld. This situation is usually encountered during repair welding. For this purpose, a practical combination of filler materials, with the same portion of overmatched part with M = 1.19 and undermatched part with M = 0.86, has been selected. Plane-strain solutions for the heterogeneous weld with the cracklocated in the overmatched half were obtained. The influence of the yielding-constraint key parameters has al so been evaluated. Yield-Ioad results for the specimens performed with different weld widths have the greatest scattering for the a/W = 0.5. The transition from the overmatched to the undermatched solution with increasing H is evident. On the other hand, the behaviour of the specimen with a shallow crack is dictated by the overmatch region ahead of the crack tip and depends very little on the weld slenderness. An approximated 3-D area of the yield-Ioad solutions depending ona/W and (W-a)lH has been proposed. Furthermore, the stress triaxility parameter h has been calculated using 2-D and 3-D finite-element analysis, and given as a field in the spec imen to get an insight into yielding-constraint regions. It was found that the 3-D yield-Ioad solutions are very close to the plane-strain solutions. Also, the effect of a/W on the yielding constraint is more significant than the effect of Mand (W-a)/H.
Ključne besede: welded structures, welded joints, fracture mechanics, cracks, SE(B) specimens, yielding load, yielding constraint parameters
Objavljeno: 06.04.2017; Ogledov: 669; Prenosov: 56
.pdf Celotno besedilo (793,79 KB)
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