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1.
Perspectives on the introduction of computer-supported real laboratory exercises into biology teaching in secondary schools : teachers as part of the problem
Andreja Špernjak, Andrej Šorgo, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Computer supported virtual and real laboratories are recognized as tools that can help in raising the quality of biology instruction, and raising development competences in students. Yet biology teachers have been treating the computer as typewriter, as a source of information and as a tool for communication, all of which usages are common to all subjects. The uses of ICT that can significantly help in developing scientific literacy and that are primary tools in science teaching - such as the use of data loggers - are only rarely on the syllabus. The lack of equipment is not the most important reason for failure to use such applications; instead, this is probably due to teachers' attitudes, opinions and knowledge. Students cannot be recognized as an obstacle in working with ICT. Lawer secondary school students aged between 10 and 14 performed three laboratory exercises (Activity of yeast, Gas exchange in breathing, Heart rate) using three different methods: classic, computer-supported and virtual laboratory. As a result of testing, we know that all three methods are suitable even for younger students. When students were asked which method they liked the most, their first choice was computer-supported laboratory, followed by classic laboratory, with virtual laboratory in the third place.
Ključne besede: education, biology, secondary education, computer-supported laboratory, laboratory work, ICT, simulations
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.12.2017; Ogledov: 1314; Prenosov: 105
.pdf Celotno besedilo (783,64 KB)
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2.
Apacer: a six-step model for the introduction of computer-supported laboratory exercises in biology teaching
Andrej Šorgo, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article describes a six-step approach used for the introduction of computer-supported laboratory exercises in Biology teaching. Following the model students will be guided from recognizing a problem question to the end report in a series of active tasks. The model was named APACER as an acronym of the six steps: Ask, Predict, Act, Comment, Evaluate and Report. The model was tested with 15-18-year-old secondary school students as group and individual work over a time span of ten years and several hundred students performing laboratory exercises in Biology. Work on development of the model can be described as reflective classroom practice. By observation of students' work, grading of their reports and evaluation of results from exams, it was recognized that students achieved much higher grades because of better knowledge and improved reports. Transfer of the model to other Science subjects is suggested.
Ključne besede: education, biology teaching, computer-supported laboratory, laboratory work, ICT, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.12.2017; Ogledov: 1218; Prenosov: 106
.pdf Celotno besedilo (948,80 KB)
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3.
Lower secondary school students' attitudes toward computer-supported laboratory exercises
Andreja Špernjak, Miro Puhek, Andrej Šorgo, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In Science teaching laboratory work is recognized as one of the cornerstones. In school science laboratory work computers can be used as computer supported laboratory (real) and as virtual laboratory. In the first case "real" laboratories involve bench top experiments utilizing data acquisition systems while "virtual" laboratory entails interactive simulations and animations. Lower secondary school students in age between 11 and 15 performed three laboratory exercises (Activity of yeast, Gas exchange in breathing, Heart rate) as classic, computer-supported and virtual laboratory. As a result of testing we know that all three methods are suitable even for younger students. When they were asked which method they liked the most, their first choice was computer-supported laboratory, followed by classic laboratory, and virtual laboratory at the end. Additionally recognized weak and strong sides of used methods are discussed.
Ključne besede: education, biology, computer-supported laboratory, simulations, secondary schools
Objavljeno v DKUM: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1890; Prenosov: 100
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

4.
Development of basic competences in science and technology in minorities with language-independent computer simulations
Miro Puhek, Andrej Šorgo, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: With the growth of multimedia computers became more important than ever. Internet became linking media that connects people. But circumstances are far from being perfect. On one hand, we have circumstances similar to those in Eden, where students can use various didactical tools, and on the other, students are still left with the white chalk and black board. The main purpose of this article is to present the problem of accessibility of multimedia to users that have limited knowledge of foreign language (in most cases English). On the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics we developed interactive computer simulations of biological laboratory exercises. Simulations are equipped with translational support that enables users a translation into a chosen foreign language. The simulations Osmosis and Greenhouse effect are presented in this article and can be used by minorities in Slovenia as well as by anybody else who is not fluent in Slovenian language.
Ključne besede: education, biology, computer science, computerized laboratory
Objavljeno v DKUM: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1441; Prenosov: 27
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

5.
False reality or hidden messages: reading graphs obtained in computerized biological experiments
Andrej Šorgo, Slavko Kocijančič, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Information and communication technology (ICT) has become an inseparable part of schoolwork and a goal of education to prepare scientifically literate and digitally competent citizens. Yet the introduction of computers into school work has been much slower than its introduction in other spheres of life. Teachers' lack of knowledge/skills and difficulty in integrating ICT into instruction affect the realization of computer-related goals in schools. Another hidden obstacle that can affect the introduction of computers into the Biology laboratory can be discomfort with the interpretation of graphs obtained by data-loggers. We can group these difficulties with graph outcomes into 4 areas: 1) Explanations of the curves that lie beyond the domain of Biology, in Physics, Chemistry or some other discipline; 2) Hardware properties; 3) Unknown properties of experimental components; 4) Occasional equipment breakdowns or crashes.
Ključne besede: education, biology, biology teaching, computer-supported laboratory, ICT, laboratory work
Objavljeno v DKUM: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1542; Prenosov: 62
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

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