1. Secondorder freeriding on antisocial punishment restores the effectiveness of prosocial punishmentAttila Szolnoki, Matjaž Perc, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: Economic experiments have shown that punishment can increase public goods game contributions over time. However, the effectiveness of punishment is challenged by secondorder freeriding and antisocial punishment. The latter implies that noncooperators punish cooperators, while the former implies unwillingness to shoulder the cost of punishment. Here, we extend the theory of cooperation in the spatial public goods game by considering four competing strategies, which are traditional cooperators and defectors, as well as cooperators who punish defectors and defectors who punish cooperators. We show that if the synergistic effects are high enough to sustain cooperation based on network reciprocity alone, antisocial punishment does not deter public cooperation. Conversely, if synergistic effects are low and punishment is actively needed to sustain cooperation, antisocial punishment does is viable, but only if the costtofine ratio is low. If the costs are relatively high, cooperation again dominates as a result of spatial pattern formation. Counterintuitively, defectors who do not punish cooperators, and are thus effectively secondorder freeriding on antisocial punishment, form an active layer around punishing cooperators, which protects them against defectors that punish cooperators. A stable threestrategy phase that is sustained by the spontaneous emergence of cyclic dominance is also possible via the same route. The microscopic mechanism behind the reported evolutionary outcomes can be explained by the comparison of invasion rates that determine the stability of subsystem solutions. Our results reveal an unlikely evolutionary escape from adverse effects of antisocial punishment, and they provide a rationale for why secondorder freeriding is not always an impediment to the evolutionary stability of punishment. Ključne besede: complex systems, interdisciplinary physics, punishment, cooperation Objavljeno: 13.11.2017; Ogledov: 497; Prenosov: 302 Celotno besedilo (1,15 MB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

2. Inheritance patterns in citation networks reveal scientific memesTobias Kuhn, Matjaž Perc, Dirk Helbing, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: Memes are the cultural equivalent of genes that spread across human culture by means of imitation. What makes a meme and what distinguishes it from other forms of information, however, is still poorly understood. Our analysis of memes in the scientific literature reveals that they are governed by a surprisingly simple relationship between frequency of occurrence and the degree to which they propagate along the citation graph. We propose a simple formalization of this pattern and validate it with data from close to 50 million publication records from the Web of Science, PubMed Central, and the American Physical Society. Evaluations relying on human annotators, citation network randomizations, and comparisons with several alternative approaches confirm that our formula is accurate and effective, without a dependence on linguistic or ontological knowledge and without the application of arbitrary thresholds or filters. Ključne besede: memes, inheritance, genes, network science, complex systems Objavljeno: 03.08.2017; Ogledov: 652; Prenosov: 329 Celotno besedilo (2,85 MB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

3. Quantifying soil complexity using network models of soil porous structureMarko Samec, A. Santiago, J. P. Cardenas, R. M. Benito, A. M. Tarquis, Sacha Jon Mooney, Dean Korošak, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: This paper describes an investigation into the properties of spatially embedded complex networks representing the porous architecture of soil systems. We suggest an approach to quantify the complexity of soil pore structure based on the nodenode link correlation properties of the networks. We show that the complexity depends on the strength of spatial embedding of the network and that this is related to the transition from a noncompact to compact phase of the network. Ključne besede: soil complexity, soil pore networks, complex systems Objavljeno: 21.07.2017; Ogledov: 758; Prenosov: 259 Celotno besedilo (3,85 MB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

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5. Collective behavior and evolutionary gamesMatjaž Perc, Paolo Grigolini, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek Ključne besede: kolektivni pojavi, evolucijske igre, fazni prehodi, kompleksne mreže, statistična fizika socioloških sistemov, collective phenomena, evolutionary games, phase transitions, complex networks, evolutionary statistical physics of social systems Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 923; Prenosov: 26 Povezava na celotno besedilo 
6. Fluctuating excitability : a mechanism for selfsustained information flow in excitable arraysMatjaž Perc, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: We show that the fluctuating excitability of FitzHughNagumo neurons, constituting a diffusively coupled excitable array, can induce phase slips that lead to a symmetry break yielding a preferred spreading direction of excitatory events, thus enabling persistent selfsustained and selforganized information flow in a periodic array long after a localized stimulus perturbation has sized. Possible oscillation frequencies of the informationcarrying signal are expressed analytically, and necessary conditions for the phenomenon are derived. Our results suggest that cellular diversity in neural tissue is crucial for maintaining selfsustained and organized activity in the brain even in the absence of immediate stimuli, thus facilitating continuous evolution of its mechanisms for information retrieval and storage. Ključne besede: physics, complex systems, dynamical systems, flexibility, chaos, chaotic systems, oscillations, perturbation Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1488; Prenosov: 74 Povezava na celotno besedilo 
7. Spatial coherence resonance in neuronal media with discrete local dynamicsMatjaž Perc, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: We study effects of spatiotemporal additive noise on the spatial dynamics of excitable neuronal media that is locally modelled by a twodimensional map. We focus on the ability of noise to enhance a particular spatial frequency of the media in a resonant manner. We show that there exists an optimal noise intensity for which the inherent spatial periodicity of the media is resonantly pronounced, thus marking the existence of spatial coherence resonance in the studied system. Additionally, results are discussed in view of their possible biological importance. Ključne besede: physics, complex systems, dynamical systems, noise, spatial dynamics, chaos, chaotic systems, chaos control, resonance Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1664; Prenosov: 92 Povezava na celotno besedilo 
8. Effects of smallworld connectivity on noiseinduced temporal and spatial order in neural mediaMatjaž Perc, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: We present an overview of possible effects of smallworld connectivity on noiseinduced temporal and spatial order in a twodimensional network of excitable neural media with FitzHughNagumo local dynamics. Smallworld networks are characterized by a given fraction of socalled longrange couplings or shortcut links that connect distant units of the system, while all other units are coupled in a diffusivelike manner. Interestingly, already a small fraction of these longrange couplings can have wideranging effects on the temporal as well as spatial noiseinduced dynamics of the system. Here we present two main effects. First, we show that the temporal order, characterized by the autocorrelation of a firingrate function, can be greatly enhanced by the introduction of smallworld connectivity, whereby the effect increases with the increasing fraction of introduced shortcut links. Second, we show that the introduction of longrange couplings induces disorderof otherwise ordered, spiralwavelike, noiseinduced patterns that can be observed by exclusive diffusive connectivity of spatial units. Thereby, already a small fraction of shortcut links is sufficient to destroy coherent pattern formation in the media. Although the two results seem contradictive, we provide an explanation considering the inherent scalefree nature of smallworld networks, which on one hand, facilitates signal transduction and thus temporal order in the system, whilst on the other hand, disrupts the internal spatial scale of the media thereby hindering the existence of coherent wavelike patterns. Additionally, the importance of spatially versus temporally ordered neural network functioning is discussed. Ključne besede: physics, complex systems, dynamical systems, noise, chaos, chaotic systems, chaos control, resonance Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1451; Prenosov: 70 Povezava na celotno besedilo 
9. Basic solutions on shape complexity evaluation of STL dataBogdan Valentan, Tomaž Brajlih, Igor Drstvenšek, Jože Balič, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: Purpose of this paper is to present basic solutions on shape complexity, based on basic information of the STL data. Design/methodology/approach: Paper presents a few methods of mathematically evaluating the complexity of the shape. Methods vary from very simple based on the number of triangles in STL file, STL file size and the parts volume, to the more complex mathematical evaluation based on the basic relations of the STL data. Findings: We discovered that evaluation of shape complexity based only on basic data of STL data gives us some basic results on part complexity and can be used for further researches. Research limitations/implications: For parts with large block volume/part volume ratio and thinner parts with free form surfaces only the first method is suitable and gives suitable results. Practical implications: In a rapidly developing field of manufacturing technologies choosing the optimal manufacturing procedure is a difficult and crucial decision. Usually the decision is based on experience evaluation that is fast and can be optimal. Usually, this method produces goods results, but in some cases this method can lead to cost increases and reduced economic efficiency without us even knowing that. Therefore, it is crucial, that a fast and simple solution is developed, by which the optimal way of manufacturing can be determined. Originality/value: Choosing maximum efficient manufacturing processes on base of part complexity is a new perspective in manufacturing, which, properly evolved and complied can cause revolution in manufacturing optimization, especially in hybrid manufacturing processes. Ključne besede: manufacturing systems, shape complexity, complex shapes, manufacturing optimization, engineering design, STL files, STL file parameters Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1493; Prenosov: 41 Povezava na celotno besedilo 
10. Encyclopedia of complexity and systems scienceslovar, enciklopedija, leksikon, priročnik, atlas, zemljevid Opis: Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science provides an authoritative single source for understanding and applying the concepts of complexity theory together with the tools and measures for analyzing complex systems in all fields of science and engineering. The science and tools of complexity and systems science include theories of selforganization, complex systems, synergetics, dynamical systems, turbulence, catastrophes, instabilities, nonlinearity, stochastic processes, chaos, neural networks, cellular automata, adaptive systems, and genetic algorithms. Examples of nearterm problems and major unknowns that can be approached through complexity and systems science include: The structure, history and future of the universe; the biological basis of consciousness; the integration of genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics as systems biology; human longevity limits; the limits of computing; sustainability of life on earth; predictability, dynamics and extent of earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis, and other natural disasters; the dynamics of turbulent flows; lasers or fluids in physics, microprocessor design; macromolecular assembly in chemistry and biophysics; brain functions in cognitive neuroscience; climate change; ecosystem management; traffic management; and business cycles. All these seemingly quite different kinds of structure formation have a number of important features and underlying structures in common. These deep structural similarities can be exploited to transfer analytical methods and understanding from one field to another. This unique work will extend the influence of complexity and system science to a much wider audience than has been possible to date. Ključne besede: cellular automata, complex networks, computational nanoscience, ecological complexity, ergodic theory, fractals, game theory, granular computing, graph theory, intelligent systems, perturbation theory, quantum information science, system dynamics, traffic management, chaos, climate modelling, complex systems, dynamical sistems, fuzzy theory systems, nonlinear systems, soft computing, stochastic processes, synergetics, selforganization, systems biology, systems science Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1916; Prenosov: 96 Povezava na celotno besedilo 