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Safeguarding liberty? Repressive measures against enemy aliens and community resilience in WWI United States: : the Slovenian-American experience
David Hazemali, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article delves into the complexities of the U.S.’s treatment of enemy aliens during World War I, particularly illuminating the experiences of the Slovenian-American immigrant ethnic community, following the declaration of war on Austro-Hungary. It presents instances of repression, violence and internment suffered by members of the Slovenian-American community and other immigrant ethnic communities originating from Austria-Hungary, while also highlighting examples of their resilience and defiance. The study is firmly grounded in the archives of the Slovenian-American fraternal benefit society the Slovene National Benefit Society (SNPJ), and the Yugoslav Socialist Alliance (JSZ), housed at the Immigration History Research Center Archives in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Ključne besede: Slovenian Americans, American Slovenians, Slovenian-American community, fraternal benefit societies, world war I, USA, enemy aliens
Objavljeno v DKUM: 17.05.2024; Ogledov: 10; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,20 MB)
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Density-based entropy centrality for community detection in complex networks
Krista Rizman Žalik, Mitja Žalik, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: One of the most important problems in complex networks is the location of nodes that are essential or play a main role in the network. Nodes with main local roles are the centers of real communities. Communities are sets of nodes of complex networks and are densely connected internally. Choosing the right nodes as seeds of the communities is crucial in determining real communities. We propose a new centrality measure named density-based entropy centrality for the local identification of the most important nodes. It measures the entropy of the sum of the sizes of the maximal cliques to which each node and its neighbor nodes belong. The proposed centrality is a local measure for explaining the local influence of each node, which provides an efficient way to locally identify the most important nodes and for community detection because communities are local structures. It can be computed independently for individual vertices, for large networks, and for not well-specified networks. The use of the proposed density-based entropy centrality for community seed selection and community detection outperforms other centrality measures.
Ključne besede: networks, undirected graphs, community detection, node centrality, label propagation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 06.02.2024; Ogledov: 211; Prenosov: 14
.pdf Celotno besedilo (707,65 KB)
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Bet on health : conference review
Milica Rančić Demir, 2021, recenzija, prikaz knjige, kritika

Opis: The goal of the International Conference Bet on Health was to unite the leading researchers and practitioners so that the chief subject of this conference could be the problems related to sports, well-being, and health, and the role that local authorities/communities have when it comes to planning, implementing, and evaluating policies and practices connected to public health issues. It also served as a further interdisciplinary meeting for researchers, practitioners, and educators to present and discuss the latest trends and innovations, but also the issues and practical challenges and solutions accepted in the area of health promotion and well-being, sports, and local politics.
Ključne besede: health, sport, well-being, local community
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.01.2024; Ogledov: 158; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (727,33 KB)
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Resident perceptions and responses to tourism : individual vs community level impacts
Tina Šegota, Tanja Mihalič, Richard R. Perdue, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper reviews resident tourism attitude research through the lens of the individual- and community-level perceived impacts of and responses to tourism. It explores how perceived impacts of tourism and responses to tourism development have been conceptualised and measured in the existing resident attitudes models published between 1990 and 2020. Three categories of variables were identified and used: antecedent variables, tourism impact variables, and dependent variables. The latter three categories are used to discuss the research topic from the lenses of improvements in measurement instruments. Finally, the paper suggests rethinking the overall conceptualisation of residents’ perceptions of and reactions to tourism – it proposes future research directions to distinguish between individual-level and community-level effects and reactions.
Ključne besede: resident attitudes, support for tourism, tourism impact, personal benefit, host community, literature review
Objavljeno v DKUM: 18.01.2024; Ogledov: 179; Prenosov: 11
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,21 MB)
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Making the decision to stay at home : developing a community-based care process model for aging in place
Katarina Galof, Zvone Balantič, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The care of older adults who wish to spend their old age at home should be regulated in every country. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the steps for developing a community-based care process model (CBCPM), applied to a real-world phenomenon, using an inductive, theory-generative research approach to enable aging at home. The contribution to practice is that the collaboration team experts facilitate the application of the process in their own work as non-professional human resources. This means that each older adult is his or her own case study. Different experts and non-experts can engage in the process of meeting needs as required. The empirical work examined the number of levels and steps required and the types of human resources needed. The proposed typology of the CBCPM for older adults can provide insight, offer a useful framework for future policy development, and evaluate pilots at a time when this area of legislation is being implemented.
Ključne besede: independent functioning of older adults, home and community-based providers, healthcare, framework, spiral model
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.07.2023; Ogledov: 305; Prenosov: 27
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,15 MB)
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The role of the international community in a new model of reforming the political and social architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Janez Juvan, Andrej Sotlar, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: For decades, the international community has been trying to contribute to long-term peace and stability in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), but it has been only partially successful. The purpose of the paper is to present a new model for the reform of the political and social architecture, which, along with the new role of the international community, will ensure the peace, stability and security of BiH, and at the same time will be applicable in other areas of the world. Design/Methods/Approach: The article brings insights in the mentioned processes by using combinations of theoretical and empirical methods, of which the most important are in-depth interviews with experts who know the region in detail, as well as the measures already implemented in (post)conflict areas in some other parts of the world. Findings: The article discusses a possible model for the future role of the international community in this country as developed by the Working Group on BiH. The model relies on technical assistance to the country for fundamental reforms provided by highly qualified international experts using a modular reform implementation strategy. It is a modular implementation of the reforms, which increases the efficiency and at the same time checks the suitability of the proposed solutions. Research Limitations/Implications: The situation in BiH is very complex due to the complicated political system, the ethnic map, the political situation, the economic and social situation, therefore, generalizing the findings is difficult. Practical Implications: Reforms must strengthen the rule of law, modernize public administration, harmonize the business environment through fiscal policy and control institutions, open and protect labour competitiveness, establish functioning social, health, and pension systems, and open up space for civil society. Originality /Value: Article is presenting the new model as a regional integration programme for infrastructure, economy, education, inter-institutional cooperation, culture, and sports.
Ključne besede: international community, new reforms model, EU accession, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.01.2023; Ogledov: 391; Prenosov: 13
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Some aspects of development of private international law in the CIS countries
Islambek Rustambekov, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Globalization, development of the states and society and their rapprochement makes the issues of regulation of relation with a foreign element more urgent, and in particular private international law becomes relevant. In this aspect, states are aimed in unification and harmonization of norms of private international law and mostly within regional associations. This article traces these issues within the Community of Independent States (CIS). The CIS countries are trying to analyze and use the international experience, in particular similar experiences of the EU. The EU experience is acutely important in view of the development of Eurasian Economic Union in which more States are trying to become a member. This article traces the development and rapprochement of the private international law in the EU and the CIS countries, and analyzes international agreements of the States which are aimed to unify private international law and regulate such relations around the States. The article reflects upon and provides some basic perspectives regarding further regional harmonization and unification of private international law in the CIS.
Ključne besede: conflict of laws, private international law, European Union, Community of Independent States, Commonwealth of Independent States, unification, harmonization
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 1371; Prenosov: 0

Community health nursing in Slovenia and Croatia - selected legal aspects
Suzana Kraljić, Blanka Kačer, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article is dedicated to community health nursing which today constitutes the indispensable cornerstone of Slovenian and Croatian primary health-care. Authors also stress that community health nursing is recognized of crucial importance for public health and various vulnerable groups (e.g., children, elderly, ...) in many other European as well as non-European states. In Chapter 2, the authors represent basic historical milestones in both countries, Slovenia and Croatia, which have common historical roots. In Chapters 3 and 4, the central part of the article, authors analyze the current legal regulation related to community health nursing and thereby give special attention to differences in both national legal regulations. The major difference is given in concessions. Namely in Slovenia, community health nursing can be performed also based on a granted concession, but not in Croatia. In Chapter 5, some legal views on the role of community health nursing in local communities are emphasized (e.g., domestic violence). The last chapter is dedicated to the summarization of the authors' conclusions, in which they especially stress that the community health nursing in both countries today represents an important key factor for ensuring the constitutional right to health-care.
Ključne besede: community health nurse, primary care, aging population, concession, legal regulation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 889; Prenosov: 49
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Crime prevention in Germany: Relevance of community crime prevention and victim-offender mediation : bachelor thesis
Robi Pozderec, 2018, diplomsko delo

Opis: Crime is an ancient problem, which has always been and will be a trouble for every society. Punishment has been seen as a natural reaction for crime or delinquent behaviour; if it didn’t help to reach the desired outcome, even harsher punishment was inflicted upon the offenders. Even though punishment became harsher throughout the time, it didn’t deter offenders from committing a crime. Over the centuries, crime prevention strategies were based on deterrence theory; this theory relied on perceiving the threat of punishment which is so severe, that it would outweigh any potential profit from committing a crime. In the 21st century, deterrence theory is still the dominant approach to prevent crime. Nevertheless, it was shown that imprisonment is poor strategy for crime prevention. Not only it does not deter offenders from committing a crime, but in some cases, after release from prison, they tend to reoffend because they have a problem with reintegration into society. In addition to not being effective as a strategy for drop in crime rates, incarceration is also very costly sanction. In the past decades, these reasons have led criminologists to put in the foreground alternative ways to imprisonment, which would result in effective crime prevention. Two of such are victim-offender mediation as a method of restorative justice and community crime prevention, where the community is the object of interest which relies on participation of the citizens and tries to recognize potential of crime in the community early on.
Ključne besede: crime prevention, restorative justice, mediation, community, Germany
Objavljeno v DKUM: 25.10.2018; Ogledov: 1509; Prenosov: 64
.pdf Celotno besedilo (648,36 KB)

Community development plan: rural livestock, agriculture and livelihood in Indonesia
Budi Guntoro, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study aimed to determine the bio-physical and socio-economic characteristics of the community, to determine the problems encountered by the community with emphasis on livestock, agriculture and livelihood and to recommend appropriate plans of action in addressing these problems. Field observation and interviews with key informants were conducted. The data gathered served as basis in the preparation of a Community Develop- ment Plan for Lopati Village, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia, which was the ultimate goal of the activity. In addition, this data provided guidelines in plan implementation as well as serving as a basis for determining the different changes or accomplishments to be made. Eight key informants were involved in the interview. The results showed that there are many problems faced by the community, including low income, lack of capital and credit sources, low prices of products and business management. Several plans of action that were made and proposed included strengthening of the existing farmers’ multipurpose cooperative, conversion of the farmers and women’s association into a cooperative, introduction and implementation of swine dispersal project, intensification of cattle, goat and duck raising, home industries, introduction of purely self-help projects, training workshops for farmers, youth and women, competitive farm gate prices for the community’s products, payment of previous loans, encouragement/reactivation of other banks to participate in a credit program, and general assembly meeting/monitoring and evaluation of projects/program.
Ključne besede: community development plan, rural livestock, agriculture and livelihood
Objavljeno v DKUM: 29.03.2018; Ogledov: 952; Prenosov: 81
.pdf Celotno besedilo (139,62 KB)
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