Outline of implemented eco-innovation activitiesJana Hojnik
, Mitja Ruzzier
, Aleš Lipnik
, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: Providing a win-win situation for enterprises and the environment is raising the importance of eco-innovation. This article sheds light on the eco-innovation activities implemented within the clusters of the South Eastern European region (hereafter the SEE region). The main objective of this paper is to provide an outline of the situation pertaining to the implementation of eco-innovation activities in analyzed clusters.
Methodology: Empirical evidence is provided through the performance of survey research with a sample of 52 clusters, encompassing 11 countries of the SEE region. The basic research method used in this research was a questionnaire developed for cluster organizations, with which we gathered the data and afterwards conducted descriptive statistics.
Results: The findings demonstrate that the majority of analyzed clusters implement eco-innovation activities. The results indicate that 40 clusters out of 52 in all have set objectives with regard to eco-innovation support in their national or regional programs, followed by 35 clusters, which include objectives related to eco-innovation in their cluster strategies, and lastly, only 15 clusters are primarily focused on eco-innovation. Hence, our study depicting the current situation regarding the implementation of eco-innovation activities in analyzed clusters and clusters' orientation towards eco-innovation leads to us the discussion of why such differences in clusters occur.
Conclusion: The huge differences related to the implementation of eco-innovation activities in clusters of the SEE region, can also reflect the level of the national/regional development in terms of economic indicators such as GDP and, at the same time, offer room for a lot of improvement, and an exchange of best practice.
Ključne besede: eco-innovation, clusters, SEE region
Objavljeno: 10.01.2018; Ogledov: 478; Prenosov: 57
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Key factors for the successful operation of clustersBrigita Gajšek
, Jure Kovač
, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: Companies are increasingly specializing and developing those key areas with which they can compete on the global market and are linking in clusters that are ingredient of territorial competitiveness. Clusters can play a competitive role in global value chains but once being successful, they may decline. For this reason, researching key factors for the successful operation of clusters in Slovenia is beneficial.
Methodology: This study is based on an extensive review of scientific literature. Theoretical findings are tested by a study of clustering in Slovenia. In practice, we determine the number of operating clusters fifteen years after they were initiated by the institutional environment with help of web pages, e-mails and telephone calls. Using interviews, we determine reasons for the cessation of operations on the part of former directors and factors of successful operations with directors of successful clusters.
Results: The institutional environment initiated start-up processes of creating clusters in Slovenia. After the termination of institutional financial support, Slovenian clusters, which have failed to develop their own financing system, ceased operation. Directors of still operating clusters confirmed that trust between cluster members is the most important success factor in the operation of clusters.
Conclusion: The institutional environment in Slovenia adopted cluster policy and successfully leveraged the establishment of clusters using start-up financing. Less than half of these clusters continue to prosper under their own stream after policy retreatment. Clusters were not prepared for a dramatically different way of working. Trust has become a major driving force of adjusting to new conditions.
Ključne besede: network organizations, key success factors, clusters, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 04.04.2017; Ogledov: 609; Prenosov: 78
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SOUND SYMBOLISM IN J.K. ROWLING'S HARRY POTTERNataša Stojov
, 2016, diplomsko delo
Opis: In this graduation thesis Sound Symbolism in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter, I will be discussing the possible influence of sound symbolism in the Harry Potter books and sound symbolism in general. he novels are about a boy that is a wizard, who has to fight bad warlock to save the world. In a way it is a classic story between the battle good versus bad. In this thesis I wish to examine whether sound symbolism in the names of characters and objects has influence on reinforcing notions like good, bad, big, small, light, dark etc.
In the beginning of the thesis I write about the research in the field done by scholars like Newman and Waugh. I continue with my own research done on sound symbolism. The first part of research discusses consonants and vowels; the second part deals with consonant clusters. The third part is based on whole syllables with emphasis on vowels, and in the final section the names of the main characters in the novels of the Harry Potter series are dealt with. We were primarily interested in three main issues. How informants perceive sounds in terms of bright vs. dark, small vs. big, and good vs. bad. With this research, we wanted to see if the results are comparable with Newman’s and if according to these results, we can detect usage of sound symbolism in the names of the characters in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter.
In the last part I wrote about the analysis of the sounds and clusters in these names. I based this analysis on the research.
The results show that use of sound symbolism can be observed the creation of the names in the mentioned works. When it comes to whole words, it is difficult to separate sound symbolic from lexical meaning, because they are too closely intertwined. For this reason, I examined also parts of words and single sounds
Ključne besede: sound symbolism, arbitrariness of the language, Harry Potter, sounds, vowels, consonants, clusters
Objavljeno: 08.09.2016; Ogledov: 908; Prenosov: 101
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Application of group technology in complex cluster type organizational systemsSlobodan Morača
, Miodrag Hadžistević
, Igor Drstvenšek
, Nikola Radaković
, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The aim of this research was to contribute to the development of structural design procedures of complex - cluster type organizational systems. Industrial clusters can help companies to improve their own market positions, effectiveness, productivity and product quality. Organization of the production process in a company is an extremely complex process itself, and when it is transferred to the cluster level, the result is a complex task which is difficult to solve. For that purpose, this paper analyses the conditions and possibilities that would enable those structures to adapt to changes in the surroundings - flexibility and management adequacy of production and organizational structures - by lowering the degree of complexity. For the time being, no simple models which would enable an increase of process effectiveness in complex organizational units like clusters have been developed. One of the possible solutions which would decrease the complexity of flows and increase process effectiveness within an industrial cluster is the application of Group approach.
Ključne besede: industrial clusters, group technology, planning, work cells, complexity, flexibility
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1405; Prenosov: 26
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