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Organizational maturity and sustainability orientation influence on DMS life cycle : case analysis
Sandra Jordan, Simona Sternad Zabukovšek, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The topic of the article addresses the management of the document management system (DMS), which represents one of the important steps for organizations to speed up the implementation of business processes, achieve better control over documents, and ensure safer operations. When implementing and using DMS, the importance of the organization’s maturity shall not be forgotten, as it gives the organization a framework to evaluate and improve the overall effectiveness and efficiency of the organization’s DMS, which can contribute to better decision-making and increased productivity. On the other hand, sustainable-oriented organizations are likely to show interest in choosing, implementing, and using DMS. In the article, the impact of an organization’s maturity and the role of sustainability on the DMS lifecycle are researched. Results are presented based on a case analysis of Company X. Supporting the case analysis, structured interviews with the project leader on the clients’ and the project leader on the providers’ side have been performed, which shall give a deeper insight into DMS implementation and the importance of sustainability and organizational maturity, resulting in more successful DMS implementation and use.
Ključne besede: document management system (DMS), DMS life cycle, maturity model, sustainability, case analysis
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.04.2024; Ogledov: 36; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,16 MB)
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Optimizing smart manufacturing systems using digital twin
Robert Ojsteršek, Aljaž Javernik, Borut Buchmeister, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Presented paper investigates the application of digital twins for the optimisation of intelligent manufacturing systems and focuses on the comparison between simulation modelling results and real-world production conditions. A digital twin was created in the Simio software environment using a data-driven simulation model derived from a real-world production system. Running the digital twin in real time, which was displayed graphically, facilitated the analysis of key parameters, including the number of finished products, average flow time, workstation utilization and product quality. The discrepancies were attributed to the use of random distributions of input data in the dynamic digital twin, as opposed to the long-term measurements and averages in the real-world system. Despite the limitations in the case study, the results underline the financial justification and predictive capabilities of digital twins for optimising production systems. Real-time operation enables continuous evaluation and tracking of parameters and offers high benefits for intelligent production systems. The study emphasises the importance of accurate selection of input data and warns that even small deviations can lead to inaccurate results. Finally, the paper high-lights the role of digital twins in optimising production systems and argues for careful consideration of input data. It highlights the importance of analysing real-world production systems and creating efficient simulation models as a basis for digital twin solutions. The results encourage extending the research to different types of production, from job shop to mass production, in order to obtain a comprehensive optimisation perspective.
Ključne besede: smart manufacturing, digital twin, optimisation, simulation modelling, Simio, case study
Objavljeno v DKUM: 25.03.2024; Ogledov: 85; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,28 MB)
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Business IT alignment impact on corporate sustainability
Uroš Zabukovšek, Polona Tominc, Samo Bobek, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Business-IT alignment (BITA) has become crucial for effective organisational management in today's interconnected global economy. This article investigates the relationship between BITA and corporate sustainability, exploring how businesses can leverage BITA for sustainable growth and development. The study employs a case research approach in a multinational manufacturing organisation, utilising a mixed methods research (MMR) design. In the quantitative part of the research, the PLS-SEM technique was used to examine the influence of six BITA factors on employees' self-perceived action competence for sustainability (SPACS). This study confirmed that all six BITA factors strongly influence all three SPACS factors. In the qualitative part of the research, semi-structured interviews were used to measure the BITA maturity level of the organisation and the influence of BITA factors on corporate sustainability. Based on quantitative and qualitative research results, it can be confirmed that BITA strongly influences corporate sustainability. Results also confirm that there is no universal approach to BITA and its influence on corporate sustainability. Organisations must focus on all factors of BITA equally to achieve better levels of BITA and ensure its influence on corporate sustainability.
Ključne besede: business–IT alignment (BITA), corporate sustainability, SPACS, case research, mixed methods research (MMR), PLS-SEM
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.02.2024; Ogledov: 128; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,90 MB)
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The possibility of using self-defence against non-state actors : magistrsko delo
Patricija Glavica, 2023, magistrsko delo

Opis: This master’s thesis systematically and in-depth examines the notion of self-defence, primarily through the ratione personae aspect and thus focuses on the possibility of its use against non-state actors. While the use of self-defence against non-state actors is not a new phenomenon in international law, it is nonetheless taking on new dimensions, particularly in the context of the fight against terrorism. The right to self-defence is one of the exceptions to the jus cogens prohibition of the use of force. It is an ‘inherent’ right, codified in Article 51 of the UN Charter and forming part of customary international law. According to the primary understanding, the right to self-defence had a State-centric approach, which was also continuously affirmed in the jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice. Consequently, a State could only use self-defence against a non-state actor if its actions were imputable to another State in whose territory defensive force was being used. However, especially after the 9/11 attack there have been tendencies to broaden the right to self-defence and allow its use even if the actions by a non-state actor are not attributable to a State under the current attributability standards. Due to the complexity of the right to self-defence it requires careful examination through different aspects and sources of international law. It can be observed that the opinions regarding the expansion of the right to self-defence are very different. Firstly, scholars have widely divergent views regarding the correct interpretation of Article 51 of the UN Charter under the rules of the VCLT. Secondly, in its previous judgements, the International Court of Justice has maintained the State-centric approach, while potentially allowing room for a more expansive approach to self-defence. Thirdly, States have since the 9/11 attack started to regularly invoke the right to self-defence when using extraterritorial force against non-state actors. However, the reactions of States relating to such use of force and the opinions of scholars regarding the implications of such State practice, are equivocal. Taking everything into consideration this master’s thesis concludes that neither Article 51 of the UN Charter nor customary international law allow the use of self-defence against non-state actors, whose actions are not attributable to a State. Although the right to self-defence is undoubtedly expanding, its scope is not yet fully crystallized.
Ključne besede: the right to self-defence, non-state actors, the prohibition of the use of force, terrorism, Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, extraterritorial use of force, jus ad bellum, Nicaragua case, attributability
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.09.2023; Ogledov: 511; Prenosov: 90
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,48 MB)

Methodology for test case generation based on sysml specifications : magistrsko delo
Tilen Antonio Čučko, 2022, magistrsko delo

Opis: In the rapidly improving system design environment there is a need for automatization of tasks which are manual labor intensive. One of the core principles of systems engineering is verification and validation which is present iteratively throughout the development and on a higher system level at the end. For these verification and validation tasks test cases are used. The goal of this thesis is to extract the required test cases from the already present system models, mainly the test cases from function diagrams which are linear and cannot be extracted through state machine diagrams.
Ključne besede: systems engineering, verification and validation, SysML, test automatization, test case creation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 13.02.2023; Ogledov: 410; Prenosov: 0

Casebook on European Order for Payment Procedure and European Small Claims Procedure
2022, zbornik

Opis: Publication Case studies on European order for payment procedure and European small claims procedure was created as part of the Train to Enforce project and is the result of the collaboration of eight faculties of law across Europe. The publication contains numerous case studies focusing on European order for payment procedure (Regulation No. 1896/2006) and European small claims procedure (Regulation No. 861/2007). Case studies focus on both the practical and theoretical aspects of the European order for payment procedure and European small claims procedure. They will promote self-learning on cross-border debt collection in the EU.
Ključne besede: case study, european order for payment procedure, european small claims procedure, cross-border debt colletion, civil and commercial matters.
Objavljeno v DKUM: 30.05.2022; Ogledov: 616; Prenosov: 75
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,73 MB)
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Immunity of Heads of State and High-Ranking State Officials for International Crimes : magistrsko delo
Admir Muratović, 2021, magistrsko delo

Opis: The present thesis is devoted to the immunity of Heads of State and high-ranking State officials, generally meaning the Heads of Government, and the Foreign Ministers, before the national and international courts, for international crimes as codified in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC), namely the crime of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression, with partial touch upon the crime of torture as well. The introductory part lays out the prosecution of State officials throughout the history all the way to the World War II, the Nuremberg and Tokyo Trials, and the developments in the decades post-World War II, with the eventual establishment of the ICC. Afterwards, the definitions and list of international crimes are discussed. Following the arguments for the rationale behind immunity and the correlation between immunity and jurisdiction, I elaborate on the various types of immunity, such as State immunity – and its subcategories personal and functional immunities – and diplomatic immunity. Thereby, I discuss at length the range of seemingly outstanding questions relating to, e.g., the scope of State officials entitled to immunity ratione personae, whether the commission of international crimes constitute officials acts, whether the immunity of State precludes a lawsuit towards State for breaches of jus cogens norms by acts that qualify as acta jure imperii, whether the diplomatic immunity pertains to high-ranking State officials other than ambassadors and diplomatic agents, etc. The explanations of other, less debatable questions, such as the distinction between personal and functional immunities for international crimes before national courts, is also provided. In the following part, I analyse the immunity of the incumbent high-ranking State officials before international courts, with a particular focus set on the ICC and Article 27 of the Rome Statute. Emphasizing provisions concerning international cooperation and judicial assistance to the ICC, I bring up Article 98 of the Rome Statute as a counterweight to the rejection of immunity before the ICC, and consider the interplay between both, Articles 27 and 98. Another point of divergence here is the question of which States fall under the scope of the term ‘third State’ in Article 98 of the Rome Statute. Furthermore, the analysis of the Al-Bashir case is provided through the application of the United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 1593 (2005), as well as Articles 25 and 103 of the UN Charter. Additionally, I intend to provide a method of resolving some of the ambiguities stemming out of the seemingly contradicting Rome Statute provisions by applying the rules of treaty interpretation, in particular its subsidiary means, discerning the object and purpose of the Rome Statute through the lenses of its Preamble. In the final part, I have sought out various other concepts that could supersede the immunity of high-ranking State officials for international crimes, including the jus cogens international crime exception to immunity, the obligation aut dedere aut judicare, and the universal jurisdiction.
Ključne besede: State immunity, immunity ratione personae, immunity ratione materiae, Heads of State, high-ranking State officials, international crimes, international courts, International Criminal Court (ICC), Rome Statute, Al-Bashir case, UN Security Council
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.07.2021; Ogledov: 1172; Prenosov: 110
.pdf Celotno besedilo (998,44 KB)

Legal analysis of public authorities of Chamber for the Development of Slovenian Private Security - de lege lata and de lege ferenda
Iztok Rakar, Bojan Tičar, 2015, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper examines the development of delegation of public authorities to the Chamber for the Development of Slovenian Private Security. Based on an evaluation of past and present experiences, the authors set guidelines for future legal regulation and administrative practice. Design/Methods/Approach: The research presented here is based on an analysis of legal regulation and theory of public authorities, of the case law of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia, and of the administrative inspection reports on implementation of public authorities of former Chamber of the Republic Slovenia for Private Security. Findings: Public authorities are institutes of Slovenian constitutional and administrative law. An analysis of sector-specific laws shows that a variety of administrative tasks is delegated to subjects of public and private law (e.g., public enterprises, chambers and individuals). In practice, the delegation of public authorities poses several major problems: ex ante, justifications of delegation are very vague and not supported by analyses, while ex post evaluations of delegation are non-existent and supervision of the implementation of public authorities is insufficient. In practice, supervision is mainly the result of malpractice as identified by random checks or the media, and not the result of systematic activity. The public authorities of professional chambers present a special problem. Public authorities of the former Chamber of the Republic Slovenia for Private Security pertaining to the licensing and professional supervision of members of the chamber have been withdrawn based on findings by administrative inspections. Research Limitations / Implications: The research is limited to Slovenia, but the findings are relevant for other “young democracies” in the region and of potential interest to Western European democracies. Originality/Value: The analysis addresses key problems in delegating and implementing public authorities, evaluates the results of experiences, and offers possible solutions.
Ključne besede: public authorities, private security, chamber, case law, constitutional court, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.04.2020; Ogledov: 766; Prenosov: 38
.pdf Celotno besedilo (548,90 KB)
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Standard of control under Article 8 ARSIWA : magistrsko delo
Leon Brulc, 2019, magistrsko delo

Opis: State responsibility is considered an essential part of international law, since the whole body of international law would in essence be deemed ineffective if the States were not held liable for their conduct. States are the principal bearers of international obligations because of their legal personality. As a consequence, the fact that States have certain obligations, means that responsibility is heavily interlinked with the notion of sovereignty and vice versa. Similarly to individuals, sovereignty of States is limited with the rights of other States. However, this does not mean that State responsibility is an abandonment of State’s sovereignty, but rather its attribute. A State cannot act on its own. It can only conduct its operations through its organs and through private actors. While the conduct of an organ of a State might automatically be attributed to that State, the attributability of a private actor’s conduct appears to be more problematic. One of the grounds of attribution of a private actor’s conduct is found in Article 8 of the International Law Commission’s Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts (ARSIWA). Under Article 8 of the ARSIWA, private actor’s conduct is attributable to a State if that State instructs a private actor or if it controls or directs it. When it comes to the attribution on the grounds of control, the case law and theory, as to the degree of control required to trigger State responsibility, are at odds. While part of the theory defends the test adopted by the International Court of Justice (the effective control test), other academics defend the test proposed by International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (the overall control test). This clash is the focal point of the thesis. While both of these tests were developed in a (para)military context, the question arises whether they can be applied to private corporations, and if the answer is yes, to what extent. In addition to proposing an appropriate test for corporations, this thesis also tries to find the appropriate test for (para)military group and determine whether there should be only one test for attribution or if there ought to be multiple.
Ključne besede: State responsibility, Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts, Article 8, Attributability, Control, Tadić case, Military activities in Nicaragua case, Bosnian genocide case, effective control test, overall control test
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.06.2019; Ogledov: 1915; Prenosov: 393
.pdf Celotno besedilo (732,55 KB)

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