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Production of biogas by CSF technology
Maša Knez Hrnčič, Mojca Škerget, Željko Knez, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Hydrogen is expected to become an important fuel in the long-term since in combination with fuel cells it offers the opportunity of an intrinsically clean energy supply. By application of supercritical water gasification (SCWG) concept, sustainable hydrogen can be produced from biomass and waste. The paper offers an overview of some recently published papers dealing with SCWG of model compounds and a summary of the investigations on SCWG of real agricultural and food processing wastes. In the frame of our work an intense research was performed to support analyses of SCWG of glycerol and was supported by the investigation of phase equilibrium for the systems gas/water and gas mixtures/water. When glycerol/water solutions were directly injected in the reactor operating at supercritical conditions, gases with high C2+ were obtained by the reforming in supercritical water unit. To reduce the hydrocarbon concentrations and to obtain a syngas with higher CO/CO2 ratios from a mixture of gases (H2, CO, CO2 and CH4), catalytic reactions at high pressure and temperature were introduced reflecting in an increase of the content of H2 and CO. Solubility measurements were conducted for the binary systems of gas and water at elevated pressures and temperatures.
Ključne besede: biogas, SCF technology, biotechnology
Objavljeno: 19.07.2017; Ogledov: 509; Prenosov: 114
.pdf Celotno besedilo (260,94 KB)
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Biogas as a renewable energy source
Matjaž Ošlaj, Bogomir Muršec, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Renewable energy technology does not simply produce energy, heat and transport fuel, but also offers the opportunity to live in the footsteps of a reasonable future development. In Europe and other industrialized regions, the main reason for the development of renewable energy is the environment, in particular the concern in relation to global climate change and the need to improve security and diversity of energy supply. In the developing countries, they promise a new hope for renewable primary energy supply in regions without conventional energy and provide an opportunity for sustainable development. Productionof "green energy" from biogas, which is among the renewable energy sources, promises an environmentally less damaging way of obtaining energy by reducing CO emissions into the environment and reduces energy dependence on imported energy sources. Biogas production is of major importance for the sustainable use of agrarian biomass as renewable energy source.
Ključne besede: anaerobic digestion, biogas, manure, renewable energy
Objavljeno: 11.07.2017; Ogledov: 700; Prenosov: 72
.pdf Celotno besedilo (194,11 KB)
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Process reengineering and innovation of remaking soapsuds
Andreja Verbič, Tomaž Kern, Drago Vuk, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article uses a business process renovation method to address an environmental protection problem. The presented case, studied in factories which remake crude vegetable oil (soapsuds remake), focuses on reengineering one of the business processes which is classified as an obligatory process. This process has to be performed to comply with the requirements of the existing ecology legislation. Therefore, it is reasonable to take a radical approach - business process reengineering. Soapsuds with oil remnants are a secondary product in the vegetable oil refining process. According to the legislation, secondary products as waste are not acceptable for the environment. Soapsuds remake as it is currently carried out produces technical fatty acids and, as a side product, calcium sulphate. Calcium sulphate is listed as special waste; therefore it must be deposited in a special waste landfill site. In the course of searching for a solution to this ecological problem, a new idea came up, namely that soapsuds are taken to the biogas plant. At the biogas plant, they can be decomposed into biogas, which is then used to generate electric energy, for heating or to supplement municipal gas. Thus, the reengineering of the process is upgraded into process innovation and environmental innovation. Using data obtained from the available literature, we managed to prove that process reengineering, which is simultaneously process innovation and ecological innovation, can be applied in practice. Side products resulting from the anaerobic digestion of soapsuds in the biogas plant comply better with the requirements of the Slovenian ecological legislation than those occurring in the process used up to now.
Ključne besede: business process reengineering, process innovation, soapsuds remake, biogas plant, ecology
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 677; Prenosov: 273
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,44 MB)
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A Multi-criteria assessment of energy crops for biogas production
Peter Vindiš, Bogomir Muršec, Črtomir Rozman, Franc Čuš, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents the system for the assessment of energy crops for biogas production. The system is based on simulation modelling and multi criteria decision analysis. The deterministic simulation system consists of deterministic production simulation models that enable different types of costs calculations for the production of energy crops, electrical and heat energy in biogas production. Simulation model results were further evaluated using a qualitative multi-attribute modelling methodology (supported by the software tool DEX-i) and quantitative analytical hierarchical process - APH (supported by software toll Expert Choice 2000). The Analysis showed that by using current model the most relevant alternative used for energy crop for biogas production is maize. The maize results in the best multicriteria evaluation EC=0.248 and DEX-i evaluation = appropriate. the best alternative for maize is sorghum with multicriteria evaluation of EC=0.201 and DEX-i evaluation = less appropriate.
Ključne besede: simulation model, Expert Choice, AHP, DEX-i, energy, crops, biogas
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 735; Prenosov: 22
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Determination of oxygen by means of a biogas and gas - interference study using an optical tris (4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline) ruthenium(II) dichloride complex sensor
Polonca Brglez, Andrej Holobar, Aleksandra Pivec, Nataša Belšak, Mitja Kolar, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Biogas is a mixture of gases produced by anaerobic fermentation where biomass or animal waste is decomposed and methane and carbon dioxide are mainly released. Biogas also has a very high moisture content (up to 80%), temperatures of around 60 °C, high pressure, and can contain other gases ($N_2$, $H_2S$, $NH_3$ and $H_2$). We searched for an appropriate measuring system for the determining of oxygen in biogas, since the production process of biogas must be run under anaerobic conditions; as the presence of oxygen decreases the quality of the biogas. Ruthenium (II) complexes are by far the most widely-used oxygen dyes within optical oxygen sensors. In general, they have efficient luminescences, relatively long-life metal-ligand charge-transfer excited states, fast response times, strong visible absorptions, large Stokes shifts, and high-photochemical stability. The purpose of this work was to characterise and optimize an optical oxygen sensor using tris (4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline) ruthenium(II) dichloride complex for measuring oxygen. Different sensor properties were additionally studied, focusing on the interference of external light, temperature, and various gases. A special gas-mixing chamber was developed for gas interference study, and online experiments are presented for oxygen determination within the pilot biogas reactor.
Ključne besede: tris(4, 7-diphenyl-1, 10-phenanthroline)ruthenium(II) dichloride complex, oxygen optical sensor, interferences, biogas
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1551; Prenosov: 74
.pdf Celotno besedilo (315,15 KB)
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