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1.
Small hydropower plants in Western Balkan countries : status, controversies and a proposed model for decision making
Barbara Pavlakovič Farrell, Andrea Okanovic, Bojana Vasić, Jelena Jesic, Polona Šprajc, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: As the countries of the Western Balkans (WB) have committed to sustainable development, the process of regulatory and economic adjustment is underway. As part of the aforementioned fact, the WB countries have commenced exploitation of energy from renewable sources, among which hydropower is the most important. The main objective of the study is to analyse the status of renewable energy transition in the WB region, focusing on the construction and exploitation of small hydropower plants (SHPPs), as well as a proposal for an original model for decision making in this field, based on a multidimensional decision-making space. Namely, in most cases, there is resistance to the construction of SHPPs in the WB territory, as well as divided opinion among investors, companies, environmental movements, academia, and citizens on this issue. This shows that the entire decision-making process has to be reviewed and re-designed. Results: The results of the study show that the construction of SHPPs caused damage to environmentally protected areas, living conditions of local communities, touristic and agricultural potential. All of the foregoing matters have led to mass protests by citizens and a high degree of mistrust so that the future of SHPPs in the WB is extremely uncertain. The assessment of the acceptability of existing SHPPs through the proposed model showed that 74% of SHPPs cannot be considered acceptable from the aspect of the location where they were built, and from the aspect of the impact on the quality of life of the local population. Accordingly, this paper provides suggestions for much-needed improvements. Conclusions: The construction of SHPPs is causing numerous controversies, opposition, and resistance. To find the right solution, and contribute to sustainable energy and economic development, it is necessary to develop a fully transparent and objective policy system in this field, and to use contemporary models for decision making with emphasis on the involvement local communities in the decision-making process.
Ključne besede: sustainable energy transition, small hydropower plants, environmental awareness, modelling, decision making process, Western Balkans
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.06.2024; Ogledov: 328; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,27 MB)
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2.
Epidemic trajectories and awareness diffusion among unequals in simplicial complexes
Lijin Liu, Meiling Feng, Chengyi Xia, Dawei Zhao, Matjaž Perc, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The interplay between awareness diffusion and epidemic spreading has been an active topic of research in recent years. Studies have shown that group interactions are an important consideration in contagion processes, and that thus higher-order interactions should be introduced into epidemic modeling. Research has also shown that individual responses to an unfolding epidemic are often strongly heterogeneous. We therefore present a two-layer network model, where the diffusion of awareness unfolds over 2-simplicial complexes in one layer, and the actual epidemic spreading unfolds over pairwise physical contacts in the other layer. The model takes into account individual differences in the degree of acceptance of information and self-protection measures once the epidemic is perceived. We use the micro Markov chain approach to determine the epidemic threshold of the model, which agrees well with the results obtained by Monte Carlo simulations. We show that the synergistic reinforcement due to 2-simplicial complexes in the virtual layer can restrain epidemic spreading by facilitating awareness diffusion, and moreover, that individual heterogeneity in the physical layer can increase the epidemic threshold and decrease the size of epidemic transmission. However, heterogeneity in the perception can also have the opposite effect because it inhibits the diffusion of awareness. Our results reveal the intricate interplay between awareness diffusion and epidemic spreading, and we hope they can help determine effective control measures.
Ključne besede: higher-order interactions, awareness diffusion, epidemic spreading, multiplex network, social physics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.06.2024; Ogledov: 102; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,23 MB)
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3.
Plants are not boring, school botany is
Nataša Kletečki, Dario Hruševar, Božena Mitić, Andrej Šorgo, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The quality of botanical education depends on the quality and interests of the teacher. The aim of our paper was to conduct an initial study on the attitudes of primary and secondary school teachers about plants and botany. We initiated a study in which 211 biology and 168 teachers of different subjects, from primary to secondary schools in Croatia, participated on a voluntary basis. Statistical analysis was processed using jamovi 2.3 software. Teachers of all profiles (biology and others) had similar attitudes: high opinion about the importance of plants for life and education but not about school botany; botany was in the middle of their scale for potential exclusion from education. The last part of the survey referred only to biology teachers and their interests and suggestions for increasing the attractiveness of botany as a subject. The results showed that botany was the least popular, and within it, teachers were most interested in ecology and horticulture. They suggested that botany would be more interesting with active teaching methods and references to everyday contexts; however, it remains unclear why that is so, as the level of autonomy they are given does enable them to introduce such changes.
Ključne besede: botanical education, Croatia, plant awareness, plant blindness, primary and secondary school teachers
Objavljeno v DKUM: 06.02.2024; Ogledov: 282; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (995,53 KB)
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4.
Science, human awareness and environmental attitudes
Boris Aberšek, 2022, drugi znanstveni članki

Opis: The environment is a system, a complex system, which we are unable to comprehend, let alone truly understand, with the help of simplified models that we, humans, are able to process. Our human understanding of the complexity of a grain of sand simply isn’t enough to construe and adapt the universe! This would require time and knowledge, which we do not have today, and which we will not have for a long time. So, everything is in interpretation. Let us start our stories with some basic truths. The main premise is, that man doesn't need an outside enemy, he's the greatest threat to himself. But he's not just a threat to himself, he's a threat also to everything around him. No living thing on earth destroys it more than it takes for its existence, except for human.
Ključne besede: complex systems, human awareness, environmental attitudes, energy production
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.08.2023; Ogledov: 375; Prenosov: 28
.pdf Celotno besedilo (123,83 KB)
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5.
Awareness and expectations of visitors to family medicine practices about palliative care in Slovenia
Erika Zelko, Dorotea Gašpar, Estera Gjuras, Nevenka Krčevski-Škvarč, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: paliativna oskrba, osveščenost javnosti, pričakovanja, palliative care, public awareness, expectations
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.01.2023; Ogledov: 502; Prenosov: 73
.pdf Celotno besedilo (313,27 KB)
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6.
Tax compliance and social security contributions : the case of Slovenia
Tomaž Lešnik, Davorin Kračun, Timotej Jagrič, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper, we will examine the causes behind the higher level of compliance with social security contributions in comparison with other tax categories in the case of Slovenia. The results of econometric models suggest that the activities of the Tax Administration of the Republic of Slovenia, which were more stringently performed in the area of social security contributions in the most recent period, are an important - but not the only factor - behind the higher level of compliance in connection with social security contributions. At the same time, the decrease in tax compliance with other taxes (income tax, corporate income tax, and VAT) did not essentially influence the higher level of compliance with social security contributions. The more consistent treatment of unpaid social security contributions as a criminal offence and the higher public awareness about the importance of paying social security contributions in the latest period are recognized as important factors which simultaneously constitute the main difference between social security contributions and other taxes. The higher level of public awareness about the benefits that result from public services financed with taxes is recognized as a possible way to more optimally collect taxes in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: social security contributions, activities of the Tax Administration of the Republic of Slovenia, tax compliance, punishment, public awareness
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.07.2017; Ogledov: 1723; Prenosov: 88
.pdf Celotno besedilo (387,66 KB)
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7.
Mobile devices and effective information security
Blaž Markelj, Igor Bernik, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Rapidly increasing numbers of sophisticated mobile devices (smart phones, tab computers, etc.) all over the world mean that ensuring information security will only become a more pronounced problem for individuals and organizations. It’s important to effectively protect data stored on or accessed by mobile devices, and also during transmission of data between devices and between device and information system. Technological and other trends show, that the cyber threats are also rapidly developing and spreading. It's crucial to educate users about safe usage and to increase their awareness of security issues. Ideally, users should keep-up with technological trends and be well equipped with knowledge otherwise mobile technology will significantly increase security risks. Most important is that we start educating youth so that our next generations of employees will be part of a culture of data and information security awareness.
Ključne besede: information security, blended threats, mobile devices, awareness
Objavljeno v DKUM: 06.07.2017; Ogledov: 1622; Prenosov: 392
.pdf Celotno besedilo (237,86 KB)
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8.
Developmental differentiation and binding of mental processes with g through the life-span
Andreas Demetriou, George Spanoudis, Smaragda Kazi, Antigoni Mougi, Mislav Stjepan Žebec, Elena Kazali, Hudson Golino, Karin Bakračevič, Michael Shayer, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Integration/differentiation of mental processes is major mechanism of development. Developmental theories ascribe intellectual development to it. In psychometric theory, Spearman’s law of diminishing returns postulates that increasing g allows increasing differentiation of cognitive abilities, because increased mental power allows variable investment in domain-specific learning. Empirical evidence has been inconsistent so far, with some studies supporting and others contradicting this mechanism. This state of affairs is due to a developmental phenomenon: Both differentiation and strengthening of relations between specific processes and g may happen but these changes are phase-specific and ability-specific, depending upon the developmental priorities in the formation of g in each phase. We present eight studies covering the age span from 4 to 85 years in support of this phenomenon. Using new powerful modeling methods we showed that differentiation and binding of mental processes in g occurs in cycles. Specific processes intertwine with g at the beginning of cycles when they are integrated into it; when well established, these processes may vary with increasing g, reflecting its higher flexibility. Representational knowledge, inductive inference and awareness of it, and grasp of logical constraints framing inference are the major markers of g, first intertwining with in their respective cycles and differentiating later during the periods of 2–6, 7–11, and 11–20 years, respectively. The implications of these findings for an overarching cognitive developmental/differential theory of human mind are discussed.
Ključne besede: intelligence, cognitive development, individual differences, integration, differentiation, awareness
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.06.2017; Ogledov: 1041; Prenosov: 386
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,28 MB)
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9.
Exploring student attitudes to the refugee crisis : songs on migration
Kirsten Hempkin, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The issue of migrants and refugees has occupied Europe for the last few months. Much of the discourse surrounding this issue has been overwhelmingly negative, lapsing at times into stereotype, prejudice and even hate speech. As language teachers at a humanities faculty, we have a responsibility to address this issue in the classroom, especially as classroom experience tells us that our students are prone to stereotypical thinking. The article presents a series of song-based activities intended for use in language development classes for future teachers and translators at the Faculty of Arts, University of Maribor.
Ključne besede: migrants and refugees, negative discourse, stereotypical thinking, songs, intercultural awareness
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.05.2017; Ogledov: 1106; Prenosov: 175
.pdf Celotno besedilo (95,63 KB)
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10.
Exploring stereotypes : Scottish and Slovene jokes in the classroom
Kirsten Hempkin, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: It is widely accepted that the use of humour and jokes in particular brings a number of benefits to the EFL teacher. Not only can jokes help to establish a relaxed learning atmosphere, they can also serve as a context in which to study particular aspects of grammar, vocabulary and culture. However, jokes based on national and regional stereotypes tend to be ignored by EFL teachers, as their potential to cause offense has seen them deemed unsuitable for classroom use. The purpose of this paper is to present a different perspective: it is precisely the rather risky nature of these jokes which makes them ideal for classroom use, particularly in lessons with the specific aim of raising students' cultural awareness through the exploration of stereotypes.
Ključne besede: EFL classroom, Scottish jokes, Slovene jokes, stereotypes, cultural awareness
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.05.2017; Ogledov: 1187; Prenosov: 187
.pdf Celotno besedilo (187,98 KB)
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