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1.
Regulation of irregular neuronal firing by autaptic transmission
Daqing Guo, Shengdun Wu, Mingming Chen, Matjaž Perc, Yangsong Zhang, Jingling Ma, Yan Cui, Peng Xu, Yang Xia, Dezhong Yao, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The importance of self-feedback autaptic transmission in modulating spike-time irregularity is still poorly understood. By using a biophysical model that incorporates autaptic coupling, we here show that self-innervation of neurons participates in the modulation of irregular neuronal firing, primarily by regulating the occurrence frequency of burst firing. In particular, we find that both excitatory and electrical autapses increase the occurrence of burst firing, thus reducing neuronal firing regularity. In contrast, inhibitory autapses suppress burst firing and therefore tend to improve the regularity of neuronal firing. Importantly, we show that these findings are independent of the firing properties of individual neurons, and as such can be observed for neurons operating in different modes. Our results provide an insightful mechanistic understanding of how different types of autapses shape irregular firing at the single-neuron level, and they highlight the functional importance of autaptic self-innervation in taming and modulating neurodynamics.
Ključne besede: neuronal dynamics, autapse, regulation, excitation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.06.2017; Ogledov: 933; Prenosov: 378
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,65 MB)
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2.
Autapse-induced multiple coherence resonance in single neurons and neuronal networks
Ergin Yilmaz, Mahmut Ozer, Veli Baysal, Matjaž Perc, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We study the effects of electrical and chemical autapse on the temporal coherence or firing regularity of single stochastic Hodgkin-Huxley neurons and scale-free neuronal networks. Also, we study the effects of chemical autapse on the occurrence of spatial synchronization in scale-free neuronal networks. Irrespective of the type of autapse, we observe autaptic time delay induced multiple coherence resonance for appropriately tuned autaptic conductance levels in single neurons. More precisely, we show that in the presence of an electrical autapse, there is an optimal intensity of channel noise inducing the multiple coherence resonance, whereas in the presence of chemical autapse the occurrence of multiple coherence resonance is less sensitive to the channel noise intensity. At the network level, we find autaptic time delay induced multiple coherence resonance and synchronization transitions, occurring at approximately the same delay lengths. We show that these two phenomena can arise only at a specific range of the coupling strength, and that they can be observed independently of the average degree of the network.
Ključne besede: neuronal dynamics, autapse, coherence resonance, scale-free network
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.06.2017; Ogledov: 809; Prenosov: 398
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,63 MB)
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