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1.
The impact of COVID-19 on bank efficiency in the Western Balkans : a DEA approach
Katerina Fotova Čiković, Violeta Cvetkoska, Damira Keček, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper aims to assess and compare the relative efficiency of commercial banks in six Western Balkan developing countries (North Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H), Kosovo1, and Albania), using the leading nonparametric methodology Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) for the period 2016-2020, and investigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemics on the performance of banking systems in these countries. The outputoriented DEA model has been implemented with interest expenses and noninterest expenses as inputs and interest revenue and non-interest revenue as outputs. Our findings show that the average efficiency of the six Western Balkan banking systems differs, and Kosovo’s banking system has noted the highest average efficiency in the whole observed period (2016–2020). In contrast, the banking system in Bosnia and Herzegovina noted the lowest average efficiency. The COVID-19 pandemic decreased the relative efficiency of the banking sectors in all six of the Western Balkan countries observed, except Kosovo. However, additional research that includes all pandemic years is recommended to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the banking systems in the Western Balkans. This study provides invaluable insights for academic members, banking management and regulatory bodies, governments, and the interested public. It is the first empirical study that includes a glimpse of the first impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on banking systems in the developing countries of the Western Balkans.
Ključne besede: banking sector, data envelopment analysis, COVID-19, Western Balkans
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.09.2023; Ogledov: 158; Prenosov: 5
URL Povezava na datoteko

2.
Ekonomski učinki “Mini Schengena” na države zahodnega Balkana
Stefan Pasinechki, 2021, diplomsko delo

Opis: The concept of open borders between Western Balkan countries has gained a lot of traction in recent years. The idea gained traction after the leaders of Albania, North Macedonia, and Serbia agreed to begin implementing the "Mini Schengen" or "Open Balkans" plan, which includes opening the three nations' internal borders. In this thesis, we have analyzed the economic effects such a move will have on these three countries using already available data and studies done on Schengen Area countries. We used these studies and data to forecast the economy for the next few years if Albania, North Macedonia, and Serbia joined the Schengen or Mini Schengen in the years 2021-2025. We discovered that open borders would significantly benefit the economies, increase cooperation, and improve relations of these countries, as well as provide numerous economic opportunities for individuals and businesses.
Ključne besede: Albania, Serbia, North Macedonia, Western Balkans, Schengen, borders, economy
Objavljeno v DKUM: 17.11.2021; Ogledov: 676; Prenosov: 57
.pdf Celotno besedilo (874,13 KB)

3.
Digital marketing communication in developing countries : evidence from the Western Balkans
Visar Rrustemi, Ganimete Podvorica, Gezim Jusufi, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Digital marketing has made significant progress in recent years, in all countries, both developed and developing. Many local and international companies have largely placed their marketing activities in the digital environment. Now, the COVID-19 pandemic has made it even more important for many companies and consumers to conduct marketing, buying and selling activities through social media. Like companies, consumers are changing their buying behaviors by focusing more on social media, from which they are providing the necessary and sufficient information about all the products and services that are marketed online. This paper is of particular importance because it addresses the issue of digital marketing activities in the Western Balkans region, specifically the behavior of consumers from countries of this region on social media. From the results of the paper it can be concluded that consumers from these countries are quite engaged in social media, where they receive the necessary information for different products and services, follow the activities of different companies, etc.
Ključne besede: digital marketing, communication, social media, Western Balkans, internet
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 952; Prenosov: 0

4.
The impact of EU programmes on financing higher education institutions in Western Balkans - evidence from Kosovo
Gezim Jusufi, Suada Ajdarpašić, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main goal of this paper is to analyse the financial effects of EU education and research programs on the development of higher education institutions in Western Balkan countries with a special emphasis given to Kosovo. To achieve the set goal, we have used the integrative review method. The Western Balkan HEIs do not have sufficient financial capacity to develop new curricula, new study programmes and research projects. They must therefore make use of EU education and research programmes to cover this gap. The evidence provided in the paper supports the idea that HEIs of the countries with low economic development, political challenges and lack of institutional capabilities will have a difficult time funding such undertakings without the assistance of EU programmes. Thus, these programs have a great impact on financing these educational institutions effectively. Therefore, their impact on the funding of universities in this region should be elaborated. It should be noted that there is little research which elaborate the impact of these programs on funding Western Balkan HEIs. These are key findings of the paper.
Ključne besede: EU programmes, higher education institutions, Western Balkans, Kosovo, financing
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 938; Prenosov: 21
URL Povezava na datoteko

5.
Towards European Union or regional economic area : Western Balkans at crossroads
Gazmend Qorraj, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of the paper is to reflect upon the dilemma or whether the EU will continue the integration process in the Western Balkans or backlash on regional cooperation instruments and initiatives within the framework of the Western Balkans. The Regional Economic Area (REA) is analyzed as the more recent policy of the European Union for the remaining Balkan countries. It is crucial to analyze the idea behind REA, starting from two main assumptions: first, the creation of REA stemmed from EU internal challenges; and second, REA came up as a creative EU approach in efforts to find a specific model for reforms in the Western Balkans in the frame of regional institutions. The paper also discusses regional trade and specifically the role of the Regional Cooperation Council (RCC) in coordinating these initiatives in the Western Balkans. Taking into consideration the EU current challenges as well as difficulties of the Western Balkan countries to overcome the political and economic problems, then regional cooperation could appear as an alternative to the EU integration process for the Western Balkans. The main conclusion of this paper is that the Western Balkans needs the EU’s direct support, in particular, since RCC and other regional instruments cannot enforce, support and monitor the initiatives and reforms in the region.
Ključne besede: Western Balkans, integration, cooperation, coordination, regional, enlargement
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.05.2018; Ogledov: 1263; Prenosov: 166
.pdf Celotno besedilo (711,41 KB)
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6.
Evaluating the impact of environmental factors on the international competitiveness of Small and Medium sized Enterprises in the Western Balkans
Goran Andzelic, Vladimir Dzakovic, Bojan Lalić, Danica Zrnic, Iztok Palčič, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) with an export potential face significant obstacles in gaining international competitiveness, due to the highly dynamic environment in which they operate. This study evaluates the impact of environmental factors on international competitiveness of the Western Balkans SMEs by identifying the key pairs of environmental factors and factors of international competitiveness, which facilitate an increase in international competitiveness of these firms. The paper also studies the importance of strategic planning and decision making process in the Western Balkans SMEs. Research is based on a questionnaire conducted on the representative sample of SMEs in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period September 2008 to March 2009. The findings of the research indicate which significant environmental factors have an impact on gaining the international competitiveness of the Western Balkans SMEs, therefore offering sound basis for strategic positioning and further gaining of competitive advantage.
Ključne besede: international competitiveness, small and medium enterprises, strategic positioning, environmental factors, Western Balkans
Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 2612; Prenosov: 37
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

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