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1.
Vpliv prometa na okolje
Simon Hebar, 2010, diplomsko delo

Opis: Promet nam danes omogoča gospodarski razvoj, veliko svobodo gibanja in deluje kot povezovalec prostora. Z njegovim naraščanjem pa prometni sektor vedno bolj povezujemo z okoljskimi problemi. Prišli smo do točke, kjer je promet postal najpomembnejši vir škodljivih emisij ter tako prevladujoč dejavnik onesnaževanja okolja. Najpomembnejši oz. najbolj raznoliki so vplivi na kvaliteto zraka, saj promet z emisijami pomembno prispeva k onesnaževanju lokalnega ozračja in podnebnim spremembam. Hkrati pa je vpliv na kakovost zraka najbolj nepredvidljiv in ne moremo z gotovostjo napovedati nadaljnjega razvoja dogodkov. Prometni sektor je seveda odgovoren tudi za druge negativne učinke: narašča hrup, izguba biotske pestrosti, onesnaževanje voda, prsti… Ljudje močno občutimo tudi posledice vpliva prometa na socialne in gospodarske dejavnike. Zaradi tega se pojavljajo zahteve po trajnostnem razvoju prometa, ki bi omogočal nemoten nadaljnji razvoj ter bil hkrati prijazen do okolja, saj drugače lahko pričakujemo socialno — ekonomski ali okoljski zlom. Tukaj je najpomembnejše učinkovito izvajanje prometnih politik. Zato je nujno oblikovanje vizije nadaljnjega razvoja, kjer se je potrebno celostno lotiti celotnega prometa, zastaviti konkretne in realne cilje. Ta mora vključevati gospodarski, socialni in ekološki vidik razvoja. Strategija bi morala med drugim urediti preusmeritev tovornega prometa na železnice, večjo pozornost nameniti tranzitnemu tovornemu prometu, izboljšati javni potniški promet, varnost… Pri spodbujanju trajnostnega prometa je EU med vodilnimi na svetu. Zato je ustanovila sistem TERM, ki preko kazalcev spremlja negativne učinke prometa na okolje. Zaradi članstva Slovenije v EU, so bili tudi pri nas uvedeni okoljski kazalci, ki jih ureja ARSO. V sklopu vseh kazalcev je ravno promet tisto področje, kjer se podatki hitro osvežujejo in dopolnjujejo, kar nam na nek način tudi pokaže resnost problemov. Kazalci so namenjeni spremljanju stanja okolja, obveščanju širše javnosti ter kot pomoč prometni politiki. Kazalci nam prikazujejo stanje prometa v Sloveniji in EU, hkrati pa nas opozarjajo na ključne težave v prometu. Tako s pomočjo kazalcev opazimo, da je za vse večje negativne vplive prometa na okolje krivo hitro naraščanje prometa. Obseg potniškega prometa se povečuje predvsem zaradi hitre rasti števila osebnih avtomobilov. Tudi cestni tovorni promet hitro narašča in prevzema najpomembnejšo vlogo v prepeljanem tovoru v Sloveniji, kar se je še izrazito poslabšalo z vstopom Slovenije v EU. Kazalci nam tudi dokazujejo, da smo železniški promet zanemarili in je danes razvojno zaostal ter nekonkurenčen. V zadnjih petnajstih letih Slovenija večino svojih vlaganj v infrastrukturo namreč namenja za cestno omrežje. Ob tem trendu razvoja pa se povečuje tudi poraba končne energije v prometu, saj v zadnjem desetletju promet prevzema prvo mesto po porabi energije. S povečevanjem motorizacije nenehno naraščajo tudi emisije toplogrednih plinov ter ostalih onesnaževal iz prometa. Človek proizvaja čedalje več toplogrednih plinov, zlasti zaradi energetske rabe goriv. Zaradi tega zunanji stroški, kjer glavno vlogo igra cestni promet, predstavljajo veliko breme za državo. Osnovni povzročitelji zunanjih stroškov so nesreče, emisije, zastoji in hrup. Zaradi naraščanja prometa tudi narašča število vseh prometnih nesreč, kar je posledica vse večjega vpliva osebne avtomobilske mobilnosti in opuščanja bolj varnega javnega potniškega prometa, število smrtnih žrtev in poškodovanih v cestnem prometu pa počasi upada. Slovenija se tako vse bolj odmika od trajnostno naravnanega prometnega sistema, kar pa je sodeč po strateških dokumentih ena ključnih točk.
Ključne besede: promet, negativni vplivi prometa na okolje, trajnostni promet, TERM, prometno–okoljski kazalci
Objavljeno: 30.07.2010; Ogledov: 8624; Prenosov: 1091
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,47 MB)

2.
English Financial Loanwords in Slovenian Texts
Robert Gašpar, 2013, diplomsko delo

Opis: The diploma thesis focuses on financial loanwords used in Slovenian texts and the collocations in which they appear. The main source for the research was the internet. I used five corpora (two English and three Slovenian), where I searched for the terms. By comparing the use of the terms in Slovenian and English I focused on how the terms collocate in both languages. My goal was not only to find where the differences lie, but also what is common in both languages. I made a list of tables containing 43 terms some of which are used in both languages, whilst some are not. In the theoretical part of the thesis I discussed the linguistic theory connected with my research. Because my work deals with loanwords and their collocations, I dedicated a part of my thesis to their theoretical background. It is important for a translator to recognise them; otherwise the end result can be a bad translation. Terminology is an important area of the theoretical background for my research; therefore I also discussed the importance of terms, term creation, the analysis of terms, concepts, and the connection of translation and terminology. In the second part of the theoretical part of the thesis I discussed corpus theory and reference books. The main part of my graduation thesis is my research. I researched how selected financial loanwords and their original equivalents collocate in both languages and which are the most common collocations. This was done by using five different corpora. I discovered that some collocations are common in both languages, whilst some are not. The collocations are similar in many of the terms researched. Off course, there are differences. Some terms collocate just with verbs in one language, whilst in the other with nouns or adjectives as well. Nouns, adjectives, and verbs are the most common parts of speech found in collocations. In the last chapter I discuss my findings more thoroughly and precisely.
Ključne besede: loanword, collocation, term, corpus, dictionary, translation.
Objavljeno: 18.11.2013; Ogledov: 1382; Prenosov: 102
.pdf Celotno besedilo (766,73 KB)

3.
Testing pronunciation varieties of English in primary school through pictorial and textual input
Mejade Tomažič, 2016, diplomsko delo

Opis: We are surrounded with different varieties of English language. We listen to English music or radio shows, watch English movies and shows and watch English videos on the internet. The most common varieties that we encounter are British English and American English, which have distinctive differences in stress and pronunciation. Because we encounter both varieties daily, we have found it interesting to see which one prevails in our primary schools. The British English variety is primarily taught in school and the American variety is all around us and is thus more likely to be acquired. Children acquire a foreign language very easily if they are in contact with it on a regular basis. This is as nowadays, as we all hear English lyrics on the radio or hear English conversations on TV. The thesis focuses on the factors that might influence the choice of the English variety. It explores if the input, whether it is pictorial with pictures or textual with words, influences the choice of variety. It also presents connections between the pronunciation of more frequent and less frequent words with choice of variety, the influence of the pupils’ backgrounds, and way of learning English.
Ključne besede: word recognition, working and long-term memory, second language, language acquisition, language learning, British and American English pronunciation.
Objavljeno: 15.11.2016; Ogledov: 766; Prenosov: 30
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,13 MB)

4.
Long-term survival in glioblastoma: methyl guanine methyl transferase (MGMT) promoter methylation as independent favourable prognostic factor
Uroš Smrdel, Mara Popović, Matjaž Zwitter, Emanuela Boštjančič, Andrej Zupan, Viljem Kovač, Damjan Glavač, Drago Bokal, Janja Jerebic, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: In spite of significant improvement after multi-modality treatment, prognosis of most patients with glioblastoma remains poor. Standard clinical prognostic factors (age, gender, extent of surgery and performance status) do not clearly predict long-term survival. The aim of this case-control study was to evaluate immuno-histochemical and genetic characteristics of the tumour as additional prognostic factors in glioblastoma. Patients and methods: Long-term survivor group were 40 patients with glioblastoma with survival longer than 30 months. Control group were 40 patients with shorter survival and matched to the long-term survivor group according to the clinical prognostic factors. All patients underwent multimodality treatment with surgery, postoperative conformal radiotherapy and temozolomide during and after radiotherapy. Biopsy samples were tested for the methylation of MGMT promoter (with methylation specific polymerase chain reaction), IDH1 (with immunohistochemistry), IDH2, CDKN2A and CDKN2B (with multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification), and 1p and 19q mutations (with fluorescent in situ hybridization). Results: Methylation of MGMT promoter was found in 95% and in 36% in the long-term survivor and control groups, respectively (p < 0.001). IDH1 R132H mutated patients had a non-significant lower risk of dying from glioblastoma (p = 0.437), in comparison to patients without this mutation. Other mutations were rare, with no significant difference between the two groups. Conclusions: Molecular and genetic testing offers additional prognostic and predictive information for patients with glioblastoma. The most important finding of our analysis is that in the absence of MGMT promoter methylation, longterm survival is very rare. For patients without this mutation, alternative treatments should be explored.
Ključne besede: glioblastoma, long-term survival, methyl guanine methyl transferase, prognostic factor
Objavljeno: 05.04.2017; Ogledov: 294; Prenosov: 126
.pdf Celotno besedilo (556,97 KB)
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5.
Testing the performance of cubic splines and Nelson-Siegel model for estimating the zero-coupon yield curve
Eva Lorenčič, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Understanding the relationship between interest rates and term to maturity of securities is a prerequisite for developing financial theory and evaluating whether it holds up in the real world; therefore, such an understanding lies at the heart of monetary and financial economics. Accurately fitting the term structure of interest rates is the backbone of a smoothly functioning financial market, which is why the testing of various models for estimating and predicting the term structure of interest rates is an important topic in finance that has received considerable attention for many decades. In this paper, we empirically contrast the performance of cubic splines and the Nelson-Siegel model by estimating the zero-coupon yields of Austrian government bonds. The main conclusion that can be drawn from the results of the calculations is that the Nelson-Siegel model outperforms cubic splines at the short end of the yield curve (up to 2 years), whereas for medium-term maturities (2 to 10 years) the fitting performance of both models is comparable.
Ključne besede: Cubic splines, Nelson-Siegel, yield curve, zero-coupon bonds, term structure of interest rates
Objavljeno: 14.11.2017; Ogledov: 438; Prenosov: 164
.pdf Celotno besedilo (751,46 KB)
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6.
Effect of depreciation of the exchange rate on the trade balance of Albania
Safet Kurtović, Blerim Halili, Nehat Maxhuni, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper investigates the effect of the real effective exchange rate depreciation of the lek on the trade balance of Albania using quarterly data from 1994 to 2015. Bounds testing cointegration approach, vector error correction model (VECM), and impulse response were used for the empirical analysis. The results of the study show a long-term cointegration between the real effective exchange rate (REER) and the trade balance (TB). Specifically, the REER depreciation positively affects the trade balance of Albania in both the long and short run, indicating the weak presence of the J-curve effect. Important recommendations were derived from the results.
Ključne besede: J-curve, cointegration, elasticity, short-term effect, long-term effect
Objavljeno: 03.05.2018; Ogledov: 212; Prenosov: 191
.pdf Celotno besedilo (626,39 KB)
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