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H. P. Lovecraft's Symbols of Indifference: A Combined Critical Approach
Štefan Hadalin, 2021, magistrsko delo

Opis: H.P. Lovecraft (1890-1937) is an author who has in the decades since his death survived in the minds of millions of readers, mostly due to the power of his works of weird fiction and the resulting emergence of what he dubbed Cosmic Horror, conveyed through the symbolism and philosophy found in his Cthulhu Mythos. His antiquated style of writing that has since inspired many is at the same time a treasure trove of symbols, which have been interpreted and re-interpreted many times, but mostly as a whole aspect of his writing, with individual symbols not given the attention they deserve. The concepts and themes they convey are largely intertwined in a pattern of meanings and partial overlaps, making them hard to be differentiated fully from one another. However, outside of that, the meanings of the symbols can be established relatively clearly, with some of the main thematic connections between theme and meaning of an individual symbol standing out clearly above other thematic connections. Since the interpretation of the meaning of a symbol is partially based on the approach used, a combined approach that examines the symbols from the points of view of classic Lovecraftian scholars like S.T. Joshi and David E. Schultz, C.G. Jung’s theories of archetypes and the unconscious, Campbell’s monomyth, and a dose of reader-response style criticism is possible, with the intention of determining the effect of different critical approaches on the meaning of symbols and the thematic connections that are in this process established between both groups. The connections that are established are as interconnected as the themes themselves, but a differentiation between stronger and weaker connections, determining the main thematic connection to the symbol’s meaning is possible. “The Call of Cthulhu” is as the first great story of Lovecraft’s later writing period a useful text, that can be reduced to symbols, a number of which can be used for the purposes of determining the nature of the aforementioned connections. Lovecraft’s symbols considered as individual elements with a variety of aspects and the interplay between themes and meaning is then another way to study the meanings of the texts as a whole, through the lens of associated meanings determined through differing approaches. The main themes of knowledge and cosmic indifference always shine through, but the meanings of the symbols are built in various ways through various approaches, still arriving at roughly the same thematic connections, which can through the study of this process lead to a different appreciation for the masterful manipulation of stylistic, symbolic and atmospheric elements Lovecraft’s tales represent.
Ključne besede: H.P. Lovecraft, Call of Cthulhu, Symbols, Reader-Response, Combined Approach
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.08.2021; Ogledov: 4883; Prenosov: 91
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,27 MB)

Valerija Korošec, 2012, diplomsko delo

Opis: The purpose of this diploma seminar is to give an in-depth Freudian reading of the novel The Collector by John Fowles and apply basic Freudian psychoanalytic concepts to it, with the intent to analyse the main characters, the relations between them and the meaning of dreams and symbols which appear in the novel. The analysis has shown that the actions of the main character can be explained with Freud's theory of Self and other psychoanalytic concepts: the main character has been marked with the loss of his mother in his childhood that he is not willing to accept. Due to his unconscious wish to get her back in his childhood, he fixated his libido on butterflies, which became a symbol for his lost mother. After winning money on the football pools, the main character is abducted by his unconscious wishes, his Id, which causes a transfer of his libido from butterflies to young women. As he suffers from an unresolved Oedipus complex, he is incapable of having sexual intercourse, so he seeks in women the image of his ideal mother, who would satisfy his infantile sexuality. The ideal mother is unattainable, so he must satisfy his sexual desires through sadistic acts directed against women. As he is condamned to kidnapp and torture women forever, he can be considered a serial killer in evolution.
Ključne besede: Freud's psychoanalysis, dreams, symbols, John Fowles, The Collector, Unconscious, literature, novel.
Objavljeno v DKUM: 29.01.2013; Ogledov: 3221; Prenosov: 232
.pdf Celotno besedilo (300,56 KB)

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