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Self-legitimacy of police officers in Slovenia
Rok Hacin, Gorazd Meško, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose – In recent years, several studies on self-legitimacy of police officers were conducted; however, few have tested the unstable nature of legitimacy in different time periods. This paper aims to focus on the self-legitimacy of police officers and its impact on pro-organizational behavior in 2013 and 2016. Design/methodology/approach – The study took place in eight regional police directorates in Slovenia. The number of participants amounted to 529 police officers in 2013 and 478 police officers in 2016 that have completed a paper and pencil survey that was pretested using a convenience sample of police officers studying as part-time undergraduate students. Findings – Overall findings revealed organizational commitment as the strongest predictor of self-legitimacy of police officers in Slovenia. The invariance of the “core variables” and their influence on the self-legitimacy of police officers in different time periods was confirmed. Their perception of individual legitimacy, organizational commitment, education and years of service influenced pro-organizational behaviors of police officers. Research limitations/implications – Limitations of the study can be seen in the sincerity of participating police officers and the nature of self-legitimacy, which operates differently in different societies. Practical implications – The results could be used for the improvement of policing in a young democratic country. Social implications – Legitimacy, procedural justice and other components of policing in a democratic society need to be tested globally, especially in young democracies. This study is an example of an ongoing, follow-up endeavor of researchers and the national police to reflect upon the development of policing. Originality/value – The paper has confirmed the invariance of relations with colleagues, supervisors’ procedural justice and audience legitimacy on the self-legitimacy in different time periods and societies.
Ključne besede: police, policing, self-legitimacy, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 17.06.2024; Ogledov: 8; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (156,81 KB)
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Understorey species distinguish late successional and ancient forests after decades of minimum human intervention : a case study from Slovenia
Mirjana Šipek, Tim Ravnjak, Nina Šajna, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main species composition drivers in temperate deciduous forests are environmental conditions, a stand's age and the site history, e.g., the succession stage and past land use, as well as disturbance regime and current management. We compared plant species diversity and composition in late successional and ancient forests, co-occurring on the same small river island applying species accumulation curves and nonmetric multidimensional scaling, respectively. Given the island's geomorphological characteristics, we expected these to be very similar before human intervention in the past. The forests experienced differing disturbance regimes in the past, while over the last 30 years, human intervention has been the same and reduced to a minimum. The ancient forest in this study had two major characteristics defining it as old, mature forest: continuity of presence for more than 200 years and specific composition. The late successional forest experienced major disturbance in the 20th century and was allowed natural regeneration by bordering on the ancient forest, representing a potential species pool, and by decades of minimum human intervention. Our results showed that, even though there was no difference in species richness, we could still detect differences between the forests, particularly in the abundance and species composition of the understorey, among which geophytes had the most indicative importance. To make our results useful on a broader scale, we composed from the literature a species list of plants indicative for ancient forest and tested its application. These results are important for distinguishing between old and mature secondary stands and particularly for identifying old forest stands, which should be conserved and, in the case of fragmented landscapes, included in a network connecting forest fragments.
Ključne besede: forest community, successional forest, indicator plants, plant diversity, understorey, geophyte, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.06.2024; Ogledov: 84; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,53 MB)
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To feed a town - the operation of the Maribor food market, 1910-2020
Maja Godina-Golija, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The Maribor food market which has been operating in the city center since the 13th century, is one of the city’s most important food providers. On market days, local people, farmers, urban and suburban gardeners, as well as food importers bringing in food from far away, have gathered at the market over many centuries. Here, the residents of the city discovered new, previously unknown foods. The paper will deal wtih the operation of the Maribor food market from 1910 to 2020, a period of time during which major changes in the supply of food to the urban Maribor population occurred. This approach enables us to gain a better understanding of the everyday menu of Maribor’s inhabitants at that time, as well as the changes that were occurring in food shopping tendencies and selling practices. The recent failed architectural renovation of the food market in Maribor has not only affected the contemporary vendors, but also the buyers, the visitors to the city, and the local chefs.
Ključne besede: markets, food habits, city and town life, history, Maribor (Slovenia)
Objavljeno v DKUM: 17.05.2024; Ogledov: 76; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,93 MB)
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Particulate matter air pollution in the Republic of Slovenia and its national spatial emissions release
Petra Dolšak Lavrič, Maja Ivanovski, Darko Goričanec, Danijela Urbancl, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this work, an impact of particulate matter (PM) on air pollution and its emissions released is investigated. Concentration levels of PM10 and PM2.5 in the Republic of Slovenia (RS) were analyzed on daily, weekly, monthly, quartile, and annual data and then compared. The study was conducted from January 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020 at two monitoring stations, so-called urban traffic and urban industrial. Obtained results showed that the highest concentrations of PM in air were during the cold months of the year when the temperatures are lower (< 6%). Results from heating seasons (from October 1, 2019 and March 31, 2020 and from October 1, 2020 to March 31, 2021) showed the highest concentration levels of PM10 between 9:00 and 14:00 and between 18:00 and 22:00, with highest concentrations recorded during the winter months (January and February). Additionally, emission building inventory was built based on PM10 and PM2.5 emissions released. The study includes yearly spatial building emissions release model considering currently installed high PM emitted stoves. The building model for the Republic of Slovenia has been developed by using 500 x 500 m model grid. Obtained results showed that changing currently low efficient appliance with advanced appliance would result in significant lower PM emissions released from building sector
Ključne besede: air pollution, particulate matter, heating season, emission release, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.05.2024; Ogledov: 161; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,12 MB)
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Is there a relationship between self-enhancement, conservation and personal tax culture?
Aleksandra Hlastec, Damijan Mumel, Lidija Hauptman, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Sustainability gets higher on the policy agenda of many countries in terms of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Unethical tax behaviour diminishes the tax system’s sustainability, but paying taxes is necessary if we want to contribute to society. There is a deeper need to understand the factors that influence taxpayers’ perceptions, personal values and personal tax culture. Previous research by the OECD (2013, 2019) using the World Values Survey (WVS) did not provide a sufficient explanation of all the socio-economic factors associated with personal tax culture. As the behaviour of an individual is shaped by a set of values, and values can provide predictive and explanatory power in the analysis of attitudes, opinions and actions by policymakers, it is necessary for them to understand such when proposing tax morale incentives within the institutional pillar. A literature review showed that the research topics on personal tax culture present specific assumptions and gaps. To contribute to this topic, a conceptual model was developed, and the relationship between personal values (conservation/self-enhancement), measured by the widely accepted and recognised Schwartz’s circular model, and personal tax culture was analysed with the aim of formulating recommendations for policymakers. The survey conducted in Slovenia involved 202 respondents. Based on exploratory factor analysis and the performed correlation analysis, empirical research suggests that a relationship between personal values and personal tax culture as the cornerstones of an individual’s tax-compliant behaviour and their attitude towards the ethics of tax evasion is significant. The correlation between personal values and an individual’s attitude towards the tax system is insignificant. By understanding the relationships between individuals’ personal and tax culture values, policymakers can achieve a greater sustainable tax system.
Ključne besede: personal values, self-enhancement, conservatism, tax culture, personal tax culture, tax system, tax compliance, tax evasion, conceptual model, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.04.2024; Ogledov: 131; Prenosov: 115
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,08 MB)
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Applying integrated data envelopment analysis and analytic hierarchy process to measuring the efficiency of tourist farms : The Case of Slovenia
Boris Prevolšek, Maja Borlinič Gačnik, Črtomir Rozman, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper examines the efficiency of tourist farms in Slovenia by adopting an approach using a framework of non-parametric programming—Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), combining the two because the DEA analysis by itself does not take into account all attributes, especially qualitative ones. The beforementioned two methods rank the farm tourism units with respect to their efficiency. By using the DEA method, an input- and output-oriented BCC and CCR model were introduced to upgrade the criteria by including the additional non-numerical criteria of the AHP. The results of the models showed that there are possible improvements on all levels of efficiency, as well as on the criteria of the additional offer of tourist farms, which were analyzed in the AHP model with additional criteria. According to the estimated efficiency, the ranking of tourist farms differed according to the two methods. Within the group of farms assessed as efficient by DEA, the AHP model allowed a more accurate ranking.
Ključne besede: farm tourism, tourist farms, efficiency, data envelopment analysis (DEA), analytic hierarchy process (AHP), Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.04.2024; Ogledov: 165; Prenosov: 11
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,06 MB)
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Leadership and managerial challenges to ensure agile management as a method to enable business success : a Delphi study of the Slovenian health organisations
Vasja Roblek, Vlado Dimovski, Kristjan Jovanov Oblak, Maja Meško, Judita Peterlin, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose This study aims to apply the Delphi method to explore the possibilities for implementing agility management concepts in Slovenian health-care organisations. Design/methodology/approach The research is based on a qualitative Delphi study encompassing 15 employees in different Slovenian health-care organisations. Findings Slovenian health-care organisations need to be more agile currently. For this reason, it is necessary to begin with organisational changes and organisational learning concepts to educate employees about the meaning and content of agile processes. It is essential to ensure that accepting employee mistakes and offering help to employees becomes normal practice, and it is necessary to ensure the greater trust of the management towards the employees. Originality/value The research empowers health-care professionals with new management and leadership concepts, such as agile management, sustainable leadership and leadership development methods in health care.
Ključne besede: entrepreneurship, leadership, company performance, business efficiency, agile management, delphi study, health-care organisations, organisational transformation, Slovenia, change management, health services sector
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.04.2024; Ogledov: 193; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Celotno besedilo (588,83 KB)
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Ensuring corporate security and its strategic communication in healthcare institutions in Slovenia
Valentina Kubale, Teja Lobnikar, Branko Gabrovec, Miha Dvojmoč, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Ensuring corporate security is an essential and critical component of any healthcare facility to provide safe services to its patients and employees. Healthcare facilities must employ a variety of strategies to ensure corporate security. This includes developing a comprehensive communication plan that defines the roles and responsibilities of the various stakeholders. The objective of our study was to present the concept of corporate security in healthcare institutions and in the Slovenian healthcare system, to highlight current threats in healthcare institutions in Slovenia, to describe the importance of strategic communication of corporate security in healthcare, and finally to define the current state of corporate security in Slovenian healthcare institutions in Slovenia. A survey was conducted and distributed to healthcare institutions in Slovenia to obtain results. A total of 154 healthcare stakeholders participated in our study. The results showed that corporate security is present in Slovenian healthcare facilities, but additional efforts are needed to improve it, especially considering the current challenges related to the measures taken after the COVID-19 epidemic and the shortage of healthcare personnel. The legal processes of corporate security in healthcare facilities comply with applicable laws and regulations to protect the interests of their patients and employees. Operational security processes are currently provided primarily by internal providers. There is a need for improvement, particularly in the training and education of staff, who play the most important role in ensuring safety. To effectively establish comprehensive corporate security, strategic communication with all stakeholders is essential to ensure that their security policies and procedures are properly implemented.
Ključne besede: corporate security, healthcare, strategic communication, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.04.2024; Ogledov: 142; Prenosov: 12
.pdf Celotno besedilo (290,37 KB)
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Assessment of Air Pollution in Different Areas (Urban, Suburban, and Rural) in Slovenia from 2017 to 2021
Maja Ivanovski, Kris Alatič, Danijela Urbancl, Marjana Simonič, Darko Goričanec, Rudi Vončina, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Air pollution can have a significant effect on human health. The present work is focused on the investigation of daily, monthly, and annual concentration levels of five typical air pollutants (SO2, NO2, NOX, PM10, and PM2.5) in the Republic of Slovenia (RS) from January 2017 to December 2021. The study was conducted at five different monitoring stations of the following kind: traffic (A), industrial (D), and background (B, C, E). The obtained results showed a decline in the average concentrations for all the studied air pollutants through the years, respectively. The daily average SO2 concentrations were the lowest in the year 2021 at location B, which is classified as background location, while the highest were detected in the year 2018 at location E, which is also classified as background location. The average daily concentrations of NO2 and NOX were the highest at location A in the year 2017, whereas the lowest were detected in the year 2010 and 2021. It is believed that those results are a consequence of measures set by the Slovenian government during the COVID-19 pandemic. The PM10 and PM2.5 daily average concentrations were the highest at location A in 2017, while the lowest were observed in the year 2019 at location C. Meteorological parameters (temperature, wind speed, and relative humidity) were studied in addition. In general, the high temperatures in ambient air are responsible for the intense concentrations of air pollutants. It was found in the study results for temperature, wind speed, and relative humidity that no significant difference was shown between studied years.
Ključne besede: air pollution, air quality, air pollutants, meteorology, Republic of Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.03.2024; Ogledov: 150; Prenosov: 16
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,30 MB)
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The Challenges of integrating sustainable winegrowing into wine tourism - examples from Slovenia and abroad
Marko Koščak, 2022, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: In an increasingly competitive tourist market, wine and enogastronomy are becoming key elements in the development of tourist products in regions that cultivate grapevines, in Slovenia and internationally. It has been claimed that no kind of tourism can develop in regions without wine; however, from today’s perspective, this claim seems an exaggeration. Nevertheless, enogastronomy is an integral part of many contemporary tourist products. As such, it combines tradition, history and heritage and also improves the recognisability of a given destination on which modern wine tourism products rest. On a global scale, wine tourism is growing, and the forecast for the future is likewise promising. The essence of a wine tourism product is to connect food and wine, i.e. enogastronomic or culinary experiences, and to follow new trends. The trend is to consolidate this segment of tourism services, in particular through leisure activities and relaxation at the destination of choice. Food and wine thus become part of the cultural experience of the visited destination and equal the experience of visiting a museum or a concert or may be an equal component of such a package.
Ključne besede: cultural experience, wine tourism, enogastronomy, tourist destination, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.02.2024; Ogledov: 246; Prenosov: 13
.pdf Celotno besedilo (40,31 MB)
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