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1.
Competition authorities as the pillar of a competitive social market economy
Tatjana Jovanić, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The European economic model benefits from market forces as conditions for achieving goals of enterprises and consumers and economic efficiency is assured by necessary market infrastructure. Competition authorities are, without a doubt, one of the crucial pillars of the (social) market economy. The strength and impact of the competition rules is determined by their efficient implementation. The modest results to date of the competition policy in transitional economies militates in favor of an increase of the institutional capacity and require strengthening of the regulatory powers of public agencies in construction of an efficient economic system. Establishing a system of competitive markets through sectoral regulation, competition protection and state aid control at the national level requires a valid solution for a variety of legal, political and institutional conflicts. As the experience of the countries of South-East Europe has shown, many difficulties arising from the establishment of a functioning control system are procedural and relate to institutional building dilemmas. The purpose of this article is to shed light on the requirements the Republic of Serbia has to satisfy in accession negotiations, and in particular, those related to building an efficient system of state aid control.
Ključne besede: social market economy, competition protection, state aid, institution building, Serbia
Objavljeno: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 39; Prenosov: 4
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2.
Public video surveillance
Milan Žarković, Zvonimir Ivanović, Ivan Žarković, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper examines the status of and practical problems in the use of public video surveillance for police and criminal procedural purposes. Design/Methods/Approach: The approach in this research paper entailed a comparative legal analysis of the Serbian system with regard to public video surveillance and the use of recorded material as evidence in different procedures. Our research also examined reactions to the use of such material by various government agencies, such as the Ombudsman, the Commissioner for Information of Public Importance and Personal Data Protection, as well as the procedures and activities of the police department when dealing with criminal investigations. This paper examines this issue from the perspective of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, and their implementation in Serbia. Findings: The results provide different perspectives on changes made in Serbian law. They also guided us in the interpretation of strategically important decisions and led us to construe methods and procedures for implementing different solutions and approaches in surveillance. Research Limitations / Implications: Although the findings of this paper are strictly connected with the Serbian legal system, their implications and proposed solutions are universal in their possible application. Originality/Value: While in Serbia there have already been studies covering public video surveillance, evolutionary changes in certain crucial laws have lagged behind. This paper critically deals with such strategic imperfections.
Ključne besede: public surveillance, public video surveillance, Serbia, law
Objavljeno: 16.05.2020; Ogledov: 296; Prenosov: 7
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3.
Prisoner rehabilitation in Serbia
Želimir Kešetović, Biljana Simeunović-Patić, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The paper gives a brief overview of the history and past developments of prison rehabilitation in the Republic of Serbia, as well as a more detailed description of present situation in the domain of the execution of institutional penal sanctions, in both normative and practical aspects. Design/Methodology/Approach: For the purpose of the analysis, legislative documents were taken into account, as well as official data and reports of the Prison Administration of the Ministry of Justice and NGOs reports. Findings: The new treatment concept is based on the latest scientific achievements on crime and experiences of modern and developed penal systems Europe-wide. It is primarily focused on better classification of convicted persons by the level of risk, individual characteristics, needs and ability to adopt positive interventions through the penal system. Particularly important is that external control of work of penal institutions is provided, through the institution of Protector of Citizens. However there is still need of further developments in the domains of prison rehabilitation/treatments, and particularly of aftercare and post-penal assistance, in order to reach the substantial improvements in ex-prisoners’ social inclusion, reduction re-offending rates and crime prevention. Research limitations/implications: More reliable conclusions on overall effects of prison rehabilitations could be derived only on the basis of particularly tailored comprehensive longitudinal research. Rather new legislation and ongoing reform of the concept of prison administration are objective external research limitations. Practical implications: This paper emphasises the importance of after care and post-penal assistance as a problem that should be addressed in comprehensive manner by Ministry of Justice, together with other relevant ministries and agencies in Serbian government. Originality/Value: This paper is among few attempts of Serbian prisoner rehabilitation evaluation.
Ključne besede: prison system, prisoner, rehabilitation, execution of penal sanctions, Serbia
Objavljeno: 12.05.2020; Ogledov: 252; Prenosov: 6
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4.
Possibilities of mediation in Republic of Serbia in cases of domestic violence
Nataša Mrvić-Petrović, Milan Počuča, 2015, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper analyses the theoretical, legislative and practical advantages and limitations of mediation as an alternative way of resolving the conflict between perpetrator and victim of domestic violence in Serbia. Starting from the premise that mediation in lighter cases of domestic violence is more preferred form of social reaction from the initiation of criminal proceedings; the authors analyse the legislation of the Republic of Serbia and point out that the mutual incompatibility of laws disables use of mediation in practice. Design/Methods/Approach: Based on acceptability of the concept of restorative justice, this scientific work analyses the advantages and limitations of mediation as an alternative way of resolving the conflict of the offender and the victim in cases of domestic violence. Authors use the comparative method, legal dogmatic method, case study method (examples for court practice in Serbia) and statistical data to examine the hypothesis that mediation may constitute a constructive way of resolving less violent conflicts within the family members and why is not enough applied in practice. Findings: Modern criminal political orientation of the “zero” tolerance of domestic violence, which was adopted in law in practice in Serbia is “blocking” use of mediation, which, in public opinion, is seen as an inadequate response to this crime. Results of the analysis show that the Serbian legislature opted for a punitive response and measures of restraining as most important mechanisms for the prevention of domestic violence. Research Limitations / Implications: These data provide insight into the marginal segment of the formal response to domestic violence in Serbia. Originality/Value: Few studies in Serbia comparing foreign experience and domestic social possibilities for the success of mediation in cases of domestic violence.
Ključne besede: alternative criminal sanction, mediation, domestic violence, Serbia
Objavljeno: 17.04.2020; Ogledov: 223; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Celotno besedilo (381,39 KB)
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5.
Harmonization of the Police law of the Republic of Serbia with the European standards of human rights protection
Tomislav Radović, Žarko Braković, 2015, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: Universality of human rights as part of natural and inalienable civilization values makes the rights a current issue of scientific treatment from various aspects. Legal regulation of human rights has both international and national component. On the other hand, governmental law-enforcement organizations play a very significant role in the realization, implementation and protection of human rights. A significant segment of the national legislation compliance belongs to the harmonization of laws and other state regulations with the European standards concerning human rights. With this work authors tried to realize the opportunities for further harmonization of police regulations in Serbia related to the field of human rights in accordance with European standards. Design/Methods/Approach: The authors use the method of analyzing expert literature, laws, international regulations and legal sources, as well as the descriptive method, the method of analysis and synthesis, the inductive-deductive method, and the compilation method. Findings: Serbia is obliged to comply with the laws of the European Union as part of the Stabilization and Association Agreement. The overall harmonization of law will certainly require harmonizing law-enforcement laws and provisions. The current Law on Police will very quickly be replaced by a new legislature in that, inter alia, pay special attention to compliance with its provisions with European human rights standards. Originality/Value: The article is a comprehensive, critical and presents a detailed analysis of the situation and proposals for harmonization of police regulations with European human rights standards. With regard to the process of Serbia joining the European Union conclusions expressed office may be relevant to the preparation of accession negotiations in the chapters dealing with such problems. The paper also aims at preparing a new impetus to the Police Act of the Republic of Serbia on issues related to normative regulation of human rights performance.
Ključne besede: harmonization, human rights, police, organization, standards, Serbia
Objavljeno: 16.04.2020; Ogledov: 220; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Celotno besedilo (366,53 KB)
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6.
Important issues of providing genetic services in Serbia from the perspective of medical law
Hajrija M. Mujović-Zornić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Medico-legal issues that arise from the work of genetic health services became in recent time very current, especially regarding the Serbian law issues and dilema how to treat rare diseases patients among other vulnerable groups, wish often were not recognized in society. The legal system shall be an important mechanism, which could help by giving some solutions concerning the relations, rights and obligations of all parties in providing genetic services (informing, counseling, testing, keeping privacy). The law is invited to establish a delicate balance between legal qualification and more practical issues. In many countries there are medical guidelines for health professionals and biologists who work in the area of human genetics, according to which is done the essential rules for medical proceedings, with also significant parameters for legal decisions. Sometimes the legal situation is more complex when it includes malpractice cases due to violation of rights or breach of professional duties and contractual obligations in genetics. All issues should be consider from the aspect of Serbian legislator efforts to make a new codification in the area of genetic diagnostics, which is adopted in January 2015.
Ključne besede: medical genetic, legislation, human rights, case of Serbia
Objavljeno: 09.10.2018; Ogledov: 408; Prenosov: 188
.pdf Celotno besedilo (9,03 MB)
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7.
Competition authorities as the pillar of a competitive social market economy
Tatjana Jovanić, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The European economic model benefits from market forces as conditions for achieving goals of enterprises and consumers and economic efficiency is assured by necessary market infrastructure. Competition authorities are, without a doubt, one of the crucial pillars of the (social) market economy. The strength and impact of the competition rules is determined by their efficient implementation. The modest results to date of the competition policy in transitional economies militates in favor of an increase of the institutional capacity and require strengthening of the regulatory powers of public agencies in construction of an efficient economic system. Establishing a system of competitive markets through sectoral regulation, competition protection and state aid control at the national level requires a valid solution for a variety of legal, political and institutional conflicts. As the experience of the countries of South-East Europe has shown, many difficulties arising from the establishment of a functioning control system are procedural and relate to institutional building dilemmas. The purpose of this article is to shed light on the requirements the Republic of Serbia has to satisfy in accession negotiations, and in particular, those related to building an efficient system of state aid control.
Ključne besede: social market economy, competition protection, state aid, institution building, Serbia
Objavljeno: 02.08.2018; Ogledov: 430; Prenosov: 41
.pdf Celotno besedilo (444,68 KB)
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8.
Is there something as an ex-Yugoslavian HRM model?
Nina Pološki Vokić, Andrej Kohont, Agneš Slavić, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The question of this paper is whether there is an ex-Yugoslavia HRM model drawing upon Western imported features fused with ethno open-socialistic and self-management elements? In the empirical part Cranet data for 341 companies from Croatia, Slovenia and Serbia are analysed. Main characteristics of HRM systems in ex-Yugoslavia are: the HRM strategic partner role is still neglected, the mind-set of taking care for everybody is omnipresent, the value of performance management is not fully entrusted, the full-time employment still predominates, and the trade unions retained their barging power. Although 30 indicators revealed specifics of ex-Yugoslavia HRM model, the theorized hybrid HRM system was not disclosed.
Ključne besede: human resource management (HRM), ex-Yugoslavia HRM model, CRANET data, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 03.05.2018; Ogledov: 538; Prenosov: 79
.pdf Celotno besedilo (812,12 KB)
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9.
Customer satisfaction and acceptance of relationship marketing concept
Dragan Ćoćkalo, Dejan Đorđević, Zvonko Sajfert, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Satisfying customers and other groups of interest is the key output of relationship marketing. This paper presents the parts of the research that had been carried out by the first quarter of 2008 which included 84 quality management (QM) certified companies and 37 experts from Republic of Serbia. The goals of the research, related to this article, were: firstly, to explain customer satisfaction from the standpoint of relationship marketing concept; secondly, to show that relationship marketing concept is/can be accepted and implemented in QM certified Serbian companies - in order to integrate customer satisfaction and realionship marketing in QM concept.
Ključne besede: the process of customer satisfaction, QM, RM, Serbia
Objavljeno: 29.11.2017; Ogledov: 425; Prenosov: 78
.pdf Celotno besedilo (615,36 KB)
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10.
Opinions and behavior of students in social aspects of internet use in Serbia and Slovenia
Borislav Josanov, Andreja Pucihar, Ivana Jošanov-Vrgović, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Rapid involvement of Internet infrastructure and services brought a lot of new products based on information and communication technologies. In the focus of world's social interest at this time are social networks and WikiLeaks and their abuse. In this paper authors analyze opinions and behaviour of students at Novi Sad Business School, Serbia, and Faculty of Organizational Sciences in Kranj, Slovenia. This research focuses on different kinds of abuse of social networks and WikiLeaks. Results are presented and analyzed according to the place where examinees study. Conclusions about the differences found between the above-mentioned two groups are compared to the social states and events in these 2 countries which officially separated 25 years ago.
Ključne besede: social networks, abuse, students, Slovenia, Serbia, WikiLeaks
Objavljeno: 24.07.2017; Ogledov: 513; Prenosov: 63
.pdf Celotno besedilo (737,63 KB)
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