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QoS-oriented design of embedded systems with specification PEARL
Roman Gumzej, Wolfgang A. Halang, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Only recently have methodical tools adequate to design real-time systems been formally introduced in design methodologies. Naturally, they were present fromthe beginning, but due to the large diversity of embedded systemsć areas of deployment, specially dedicated formalisms have been developed and used. High-level language programming and integration of modeling formalisms into design methods eased the development of more complex real-time applications. With the emerging object-oriented programming languages and design methods, their integration into larger information systems has become more transparent. It was the UML methodology, however, which eventually merged also the design methods and concepts of real-time systems into a consistent whole. It took a large consortium and a long process to persuade industry of the benefits the new integral methodology can offer. On the other hand, there are some trade-offs, and there are some features not completely covered, yet. Here, a different, more straightforward approach to program and design (embedded) real-time systems is presented. Since it emerged from the real-time community, it includes most features relevant there. Independent of the UML profile for schedulability, performance and time specification, a profile was devised for use in PEARL-oriented UML design. The strengths of the mentioned language and design methods for QoS-oriented design of (embedded) real-time systems are emphasised throughout this article.
Ključne besede: real time systems, embedded systems, quality of service, co-design, co-simulation, safety, dependability, security, timeliness, determinism, readiness, reliability, portability, flexibility, specification PEARL, UML profiles, patterns
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1663; Prenosov: 71
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A reconfiguration pattern for distributed embedded systems
Roman Gumzej, Matjaž Colnarič, Wolfgang A. Halang, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A reconfiguration pattern for UML-based projects of embedded (real-time) systems is defined. It enables to set up hardware/software configurations, and to specify conditions and methods for dynamic reconfiguration. The reconfiguration pattern was inspired by the reconfiguration management solution of the Specification PEARL methodology, which is based on the standard for Multiprocessor PEARL whose original idea it was to extend the language to enable the programming of distributed real-time applications in PEARL. In Specification PEARL, the possibility for abstract descriptions of hardware and software architectures and for defining mappings from software to hardware components has been enhanced in correspondence with the standard. Here, a UML pattern for reconfiguration management in distributed embedded applications based on concepts from Specification PEARL is presented. Its behavioural, structural and functional aspects are outlined. It addresses stereotype entities from the Specification PEARL language, which were joined in a UML profile, and outlines the related reconfiguration management mechanisms, which were carried over to the mentioned UML pattern. The proposed reconfiguration pattern is to facilitate the development of distributed embedded application in UML with consistent and temporally predictable reconfiguration support. It should also support and enhance the applicationsć flexibility and portability.
Ključne besede: real-time, distributed, embedded systems, dynamic reconfiguration, UML profiles and patterns, UML-RT, specification PEARL
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1293; Prenosov: 67
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Modeling distributed real-time applications with specification PEARL
Roman Gumzej, Shourong Lu, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The methodology of hardware/software co-design of embedded control systems with Specification PEARL is presented. Hardware and software are modeled with the language Specification PEARL, which has its origins in standard Multiprocessor PEARL. Its usefulness is enhanced for modeling hierarchical and asymmetrical multiprocessor systems, and by additional parameters for schedulability analysis. Graphical symbols are introduced for its constructs to enable graphical modeling while maintaining the semantical background. It is meant to be a superlayer for programs, based on the PEARL programming model. To model program tasks, Timed State Transition Diagrams have been defined. The model of a co-designed system is verified for feasibility with co-simulation. The resulting information should be used when considering changes in a current design with the goal of producing a temporally feasible model. To support dynamic re-configurations, configuration management is introduced into the models. Since UML is becoming a de facto standard also for designing embedded control systems, and since Timed State Transition Diagrams and State Chart Diagrams share great similarity, an interface of the methodology to UML 2 is defined, using UML's extension mechanisms.
Ključne besede: specification language, application modeling, co-design, co-simulation, configuration management, PEARL, UML
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1049; Prenosov: 67
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Specification PEARL constructs for embedded real-time systems co-design
Roman Gumzej, Matjaž Colnarič, 2002, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In the article a HW/SW co-design methodology is presented, which enables early reasoning about system integration as well as verification of the designs. Specification PEARL methodology is based on a specification language with the same name, whose ori-gins are in the standard Multiprocessor PEARL language. It has been enhanced by addi-tional components for asymmetrical multiprocessor systems design as well as by additional parameters for RTOS parameterisation and feasibility analysis. Timed State Transition Diagrams have been introduced for program/task modelling, supporting the PEARL pro-cess model. The resulting task models are easily translated to PEARL task prototypes. The methodology and its specification language components are being presented.
Ključne besede: embedded systems, real-time systems, co-design, modelling, PEARL
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1663; Prenosov: 14
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