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The use of genetic information in the implementation of insurance
Vladimir Nikiforov, Ekaterina Suvorova, Sergey Zenin, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Increasing the efficiency of risk assessment for the purposes of personal insurance is impossible without using the latest achievements of modern science. This translates into a growing interest in the use of genetic research results by insurers, which manifests itself not only in legislation and insurers' practices, but also in international recommendations on personal medical data processing for insurance purposes. Based on analysis of foreign practices, the authors determine priority areas of respective legislation development, in particular, legislative recognition of a ban on insurers' access to genetic data in the context of obligatory medical insurance and group insurance programs; granting insurers the right to use genetic testing results for the purposes of life insurance, personal accident and sickness insurance, voluntary medical insurance, if the sum insured exceeds a statutory threshold.
Ključne besede: personal insurance, genetic testing, epigenetic changes, legislation, diagnostic tests, prognostic tests
Objavljeno: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 36; Prenosov: 4
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Stress-dilatancy behavior of sand incorporating particle breakage
Fangwei Yu, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents the stress-dilatancy behavior of sand incorporating particle breakage. A series of the drained triaxial tests were conducted on the Silica sand No.5 and the pre-crushed sands that were produced by several drained triaxial tests on Silica sand No.5 under 3MPa confining pressure in simulating the high-pressure shear process to result in particle breakage, to investigate the stress-dilatancy behavior of sand incorporating particle breakage. For a given initial void ratio, particle breakage was found to result in deterioration of the stress-dilatancy behavior in the impairment of the dilatancy of sand to become more contractive with a reduction in the maximum dilatancy angle and the excess friction angle (the difference between the peak-state friction angle and the critical-state friction angle). By introducing the concept of the skeleton void ratio in considering particle breakage, a linear stress-dilatancy relationship between the maximum dilatancy angle-over-the excess friction angle and peak-state skeleton void ratio was proposed in semi-logarithmic plane and popularized to the mobilized stress-stain state as a stress-dilatancy equation pertaining to particle breakage, which would be useful in assessing the evolution of the stress-dilatancy behavior of sand during particle breakage.
Ključne besede: dilatancy angle, friction angle, particle breakage, sand, triaxial tests
Objavljeno: 18.06.2018; Ogledov: 576; Prenosov: 54
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,43 MB)
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Quality control for the construction of a tailings dam
Wojciech Tschuschke, Magdalena Wróżyńska, Jędrzej Wierzbicki, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Every day the mining industry produces large amounts of mine tailings. In the case of copper ores exploited in Poland, the post-flotation tailings constitute 95% of the excavated rock and all the tailings are deposited in dumps, which are supported by outer dams. The durability and stability of these earth structures determine the safe operation of the entire object. The selection of adequate-quality soils for the construction of the dams is a crucial factor limiting the risk of its potential failure. Very large depositories require sufficiently large amounts of soil for the construction of the dams. An alternative to this classic approach is the use of the deposited tailings. In this solution the amount of mine wastes stored in the depository is reduced, there is no need to exploit the deposits of natural soils and the potential capacity of the depository increases. This paper presents the principles of the construction technology for hydraulically filled dams; the criteria for the selection of proper soil gradation and the physical properties of the sediments to be used in the construction of the dams; the principles of quality control for earth works; and the methodology of the geotechnical control tests. The effects of the applied technology on the condition of the natural environment are also discussed.
Ključne besede: post-flotation sediments, tailings dams, geotechnical control tests
Objavljeno: 18.06.2018; Ogledov: 392; Prenosov: 31
.pdf Celotno besedilo (674,70 KB)
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Determination of the fabric alteration of marine clays
Suchit Gumaste, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents details of investigations that were conducted to determine the fabric (i.e., the arrangement of soil grains and pores) of undisturbed marine clay samples that were retrieved from 5 m to 65 m below the seabed. Impedance Spectroscopy (IS), which is a non-destructive and non-invasive technique, was employed to determine the electrical conductivities of the marine clay samples in their longitudinal and transverse planes of sedimentation. These results were employed to define the extent of the fabric anisotropy in terms of an anisotropy coefficient, Ae, as a function of depth. In addition, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP) were employed to study the fabric and pore-size distribution of these samples, respectively. Based on these investigations it has been observed that Ae increases with sampling depth, which is indicative of the alteration from flocculated fabric, at shallower depths, to the dispersed fabric, at deeper depths. The study highlights the importance and usefulness of the anisotropy coefficient, Ae, for determining the alteration in the fabric of marine clays, due to self-weight consolidation.
Ključne besede: marine clays, anisotropy, laboratory tests
Objavljeno: 14.06.2018; Ogledov: 367; Prenosov: 44
.pdf Celotno besedilo (399,08 KB)
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Influence of mould suction on the volume - change behaviour of compacted soils during inundation
Matej Maček, Bojan Majes, Ana Petkovšek, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: After construction, compacted clayey soils in different earth structures equilibrate their water content and suction with the local environment. In wet climatic conditions the compaction on the dry side of the Proctor curve, which enables a high layer stiffness during construction, may result in permanent deformation and softening during the lifetime of the structure. This paper presents the results of the tests, performed on a relatively large number of compacted test specimens, where the conventional index parameters, used to identify compacted soils, were supplemented with a suction–water-content curve and measurements of “mould” suction. Correlations were established between the optimum water content and the suction–water-content curve for representative samples, and the influence of the mould suction on the vertical deformation of the compacted samples during inundation in oedometers was studied.
Ključne besede: oedometer tests, suction, swelling, collapse
Objavljeno: 13.06.2018; Ogledov: 387; Prenosov: 66
.pdf Celotno besedilo (391,47 KB)
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Cyclic liquefaction potential of lacustrine carbonate from Julian Alps
Bojan Žlender, Stanislav Lenart, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents the liquefaction studies of lacustrine carbonate silt from the Julian Alp landslide Stože. Geological conditions of the region and geomechanical characteristics of the ground were investigated. The research project was performed with the intention to determine the effects of cyclic loading on lacustrine carbonate silt. Investigation with 77 cyclic triaxial tests was performed on universal triaxial apparatus Wykeham Farrance UP 100 TR, in the Laboratory of soil mechanics, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Maribor. The essential equipment comprises cylindrical triaxial apparatus with a cell, a press with appurtenant electro-mechanic equipment, measuring equipment, and computer hardware and software equipment. Specimens with dimensions of height = 140 mm and diameter = 70 mm were saturated, then subjected to the arbitrary initial isotropic stress state and consolidated with vertical and radial draining, and then loaded with distortional loading of chosen dynamical axial force (frequency f = 1 Hz). A set of tests with a spectrum of different stress states and cyclic loading were performed. This research showed that lacustrine carbonate silt is a highly sensitive material.The resistance to liquefaction was somewhat higher than that of typical clean sand, but a perceivable excess pore pressure generation, which causes the decrease of strength parameters, was noticed. Test results of cyclic triaxial tests indicate dynamic characteristics of lacustrine carbonate silt and wide applicability of the test method.
Ključne besede: civil engineering, geomechanics, soil investigations, lacustrine carbonate silt, cyclic triaxial tests, liquefaction potential, shear modulus, damping ratio, cyclic stress ratio, pore pressure ratio
Objavljeno: 15.05.2018; Ogledov: 636; Prenosov: 31
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,53 MB)
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Validity of the “fall back” test for boldness
Saša Veličković, Miloš Paunović, Vladan Vukašinović, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Synonyms for the word boldness include courage, fearlessness, heroism and bravery. The best examples of courage in sport are athletes who, despite difficult situations, conditions and strong competition, perform very risky elements, break records, etc. The "Fall back" measurement instrument has been used in the selection process for artistic gymnastics. Bearing in mind that this test requires a drop back down an inclined plane, it requires a degree of courage in the realization of this motor task. The aim of this research is to determine the validity of the "fall back" test and to answer the question: Is the "Fall back" test actually a measure of courage among beginners in the sport? In this study, the research sample consisted of 16 boys and 33 girls, third graders from the Jovan Cvijic elementary school in Kostolac, aged nine years (+/- 6 months). The sample of variables represented the results written using two measurement instruments: 1. Psychological survey -test of boldness and courage - PSBC (a test modeled after the - Erikson`s theory of Psyhosocial Development test - About.com Psyhology); 2. Situational motor measuring instrument - Fall back - MFIB. The resulting measurements were analyzed by the appropriate statistical methods, which are congruent with the set objective and task ofthe study. The validity of the "Fall back" situational-motor test is determined by calculating the coefficient of correlation (r) between said composite test and a psychological test of courage. The very high coefficients of correlation that resulted in all three cases (total sample r = .846, sample of boys r = .873, a sample of girls r = .845) indicate a high validity level for the test, "Fall back", that is, the subject of measurement in the test, largely corresponds with the subject of measurement in the PSBC psychological test. The height of the correlation coefficient also justifies the use of the "Fall back" test as a composite test. A high validity of the "Fall back" measurement instrument (MFIB), which is indicated by the high Pearson coefficients of correlation between the"Fall back" measurement instruments and the psychological test of courage and boldness, was established for all three samples of respondents.
Ključne besede: boldness, tests, fall back, validity
Objavljeno: 11.10.2017; Ogledov: 670; Prenosov: 56
.pdf Celotno besedilo (157,86 KB)
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Manipulation of chitosan binding on the polyethylene terephthalate (PET) surface and study of coatings on poultry meat shelf life-time
Tina Tkavc, 2014, doktorska disertacija

Opis: The aim of this study was to activate inert PET surfaces in order to introduce the surfaces’ carboxyl groups and to obtain its hydrophilic character, which was important for the chitosan bonding to it. Films where chitosan was attached to the PET could be used as active packaging material for food like fresh poultry meat. For PET activation two advanced and environmentally friendly techniques were used: 1) O2 plasma activation; and 2) CO2 plasma activation. Differently treated PET foils deposited on Au quartz crystals (model studies - adsorption and desorption) and real films were characterized. Later on, real films were studied in the terms of carboxylic/amino group content, hydrophobic/hydrophilic character, surface composition and adsorption/desorption of chitosan onto/from the surface. Results clearly showed that the use of both surfaces’ activation processes increased the ability of PET foils to adsorb chitosan, but CO2 plasma gave a higher concentration of carboxyl groups on the PET surface and consequently, due to the chemical bonding the chitosan layers were more stable. Even though CO2 plasma pre-treated PET foils gave better results during the experimental work, we could not avoid layer by layer adhesion of chitosan which resulted in non-bound molecules. Pre-treated foils and with chitosan functionalized foils were tested preliminarily with ASTME E1 (2002) microbiological tests. Functionalized CO2 plasma pre-treated foils gave the broadest spectra of antimicrobial activity, and therefore they were chosen for further microbiological analyses, where chitosan`s influence on inoculated poultry models towards selected standard strains, typical for poultry meat, was being tested. By determining the MIC (minimal inhibitory concentration) for selected microorganisms we have proven, that chitosan possesses antimicrobial properties at low concentrations. During the transfer of the experiment to a larger scale (food models, which are a very complex environment), it has been shown that on PET bonded chitosan did not have the inhibitory effect to that extent, with the exception of Staphylococcus aureus, as was expected. Similar results were expressed using both these methods: Colony count technique and real-time PCR. In the end, the organoleptic properties of the chicken models exposed to foils have shown that chitosan changes the color and taste of meat immediately after exposure, but samples were staying edible longer. Therefore, functionalized PET, which has an inhibitory influence towards variety of microorganisms, may be applied as an active packaging system for poultry meat after some optimization of the coating procedure in binding chitosan onto the PET surfaces.
Ključne besede: PET/chitosan/antimicrobial packaging/adsorption-desorption kinetics/microbiological tests
Objavljeno: 22.10.2014; Ogledov: 1623; Prenosov: 153
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,65 MB)

Reinforced prefabricated timber shear walls
Miroslav Premrov, Peter Dobrila, 2002, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper presents results of shear-bending experiments performed on panel shear walls used as load-carrying capacity walls in the construction of prefabricated timber structures. The aim of research is to determine the difference in resistance and ductility between panel shear walls, reinforced with two different methods. While the first, reinforcing with additional fiberboard, was not improve resistance and especially ductility in the contended sense, we tried to find a solution by inserting diagonal steel strips, which were fixed to the timber frame. Additionally, analytical solutions of those by mathematical modeling with the fictive thickness and height of fiber-plaster boards are proposed. Presented design models are simple and show a good coincidence with the measured results.
Ključne besede: timber structures, shear walls, shear bending tests, mathematical modelling
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1572; Prenosov: 29
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Efficiency of the coagulation/flocculation method for the treatment of dyebath effluents
Vera Golob, Aleksandra Vinder, Marjana Simonič, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Textile dyeing processes are among the most environment-unfriendly industrial processes, because they produce coloured wastewaters that are heavily polluted with dyes, textile auxiliaries and chemicals. The coagulation/flocculation method was studied as a wastewater treatment technique for the decolourization of residual dyebath effluents after dyeing cotton/polyamide blends using reactive and acid dyes. It was discovered that acombination of aluminium sulphate and a cationic organic flocculant yields an effective treatment for residual dyebath wastewaters since almost complete decolourization was achieved, TOC, COD, AOX, BOD and the anionic surfactants were reduced and the biodegradability was increased.
Ključne besede: textile industry, reactive dyes, acid dyes, wastewater, čiščenje odpadnih vodwastewater treatment, flocculation, coagulation, ecological analyses, wastewater decoloration, Jar-tests
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1681; Prenosov: 77
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