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Life Cycle Assessment of Pilot-Scale Bio-Refining of Invasive Japanese Knotweed Alien Plant towards Bio-Based Bioactive Compounds
Robert Hren, Katerina Naumoska, Urška Jug, Lidija Čuček, Blaž Likozar, Uroš Novak, Annamaria Vujanović, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Japanese knotweed is an invasive alien plant species with characteristic rapid expansion in Europe and North America and resistance to extermination. It displaces autochthonous biodiversity and causes major damage to infrastructure, thus causing global ecological and economic damage. The Japanese knotweed plant is usually eradicated using various chemical, biological, or mechanical techniques, which at a large scale include heavy equipment, usually followed by incineration. Therefore, excavation is preferred to eradication techniques, and as a biomass waste recovery method due to the extraction of high-value biocompounds. This is supported by the fact that the Japanese knotweed possesses various bioactive compounds with beneficial effects on human health. Its rhizome bark extract produces strong and stable antioxidant activity over time, as well as apoptotic, antibacterial, and other beneficial activities. In this work, an environmental impact assessment, including greenhouse gas footprint, acidification, eutrophication, and ecotoxicity for extraction route of the Japanese knotweed rhizome bark, is performed. A comparative case study between the lab-based and proposed pilot-scale production of active added-value extract was evaluated. The results show the pilot-scale production exhibits lower environmental burdens, mainly due to greater electricity requirements for the lab-scale alternative.
Ključne besede: Japanese knotweed rhizome bark extract, invasive alien plant species, bioactive compounds, lab-scale, pilot-scale, life cycle assessment (LCA), environmental burden assessment
Objavljeno v DKUM: 19.03.2024; Ogledov: 132; Prenosov: 7
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,31 MB)
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A Cultural Studies Analysis of American and Japanese Crime Fiction
Doris Sorgar, 2020, magistrsko delo

Opis: This thesis uses techniques of comparative literature aiming to ascertain whether the culture of a country is reflected in that country’s literature (more specifically, its crime fiction). The thesis is divided into two parts. The theoretical part introduces crime fiction as a genre, its development, and compares cultural characteristics of Japanese and Americans. The practical part is a comparison of three American and three Japanese crime fiction novels with a focus on cultural reflections. These countries developed relatively historically independently, have distinctly different cultures, and enjoy somewhat contradictory reputations when it comes to safety.
Ključne besede: crime fiction, American literature, Japanese literature
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.07.2020; Ogledov: 1172; Prenosov: 117
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,74 MB)

The meaning function of the case particle ʃi in the Tsuken Island dialect of Japanese considered from the perspective of collocative relations
Satomi Matayoshi, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper describes the case particle ʃi in the Tsuken Island dialect of Okinawa, Japan. This particle has a similar function to the preposition to in the English language. It is thought that ʃi is equivalent to case particles ni or e in the Japanese standard language, but its origin is not clear. ʃi has not only the function of ni or e, but also one of the functions of Standard Japanese made. It seems that ʃi developed in the Tsuken Island dialect.
Ključne besede: Japanese, collocations, case particles, grammar, geolinguistics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.02.2018; Ogledov: 1027; Prenosov: 384
.pdf Celotno besedilo (314,21 KB)
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S-shaped curve of phonological standardization : six surveys in the Tsuruoka and Yamazoe areas
Fumio Inoue, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper is concerned with the speed of linguistic change. If social variation is a reflection of linguistic change, the scene of the linguistic change can be caught in action as a palpable phenomenon. However there is one theoretical question, the distinction of “real time” and “apparent time”. In order to observe linguistic change repeated surveying is necessary. The tradition of Japanese dialectology provides us with several examples of repetitive surveys. The conclusion of the analysis is as follows. The curve of apparent-time change corresponds to that of real-time change. The total number of years necessary for a linguistic change to be completed is nearly 200 years.
Ključne besede: Japanese, language changes, language standardization, phonetics, linguistics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.02.2018; Ogledov: 1038; Prenosov: 145
.pdf Celotno besedilo (383,54 KB)
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On the decay, preservation and restoration of imported Portugese Christian missionary vocabulary in the Kyushu district of Japan since the 16th century
Shunsuke Ogawa, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this paper is to elucidate the history of the decay, preservation and restoration of imported Portuguese Christian missionary vocabulary in the Kyushu district of Japan since the 16th century. In conclusion, the following can be pointed out: 1) almost all words have generally decayed. 2) parts of the words are used as general nouns with discriminatory meaning. 3) Some people still try to preserve these words against the guidance of Catholic priests. 4) Recently, parts of the words have started to be used as the names of some alcoholic drinks and sweets. Thus, in this district, the number of people who use these words has been increasing again. This is the restoration of imported Portuguese Christian missionary vocabulary.
Ključne besede: Japanese, historical influences, Christian vocabulary, dialectology, geolinguistics, Kyushu
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.02.2018; Ogledov: 844; Prenosov: 146
.pdf Celotno besedilo (405,74 KB)
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Making paradigms of verbs and adjectives using a dialect corpus
Chitsuko Fukushima, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The author has been involved in the making of a dialect dictionary of Tokunoshima, Amami, Japan, using a dialect corpus. The analysis of the dialect corpus and face-to-face interviews were combined to obtain the paradigms of verbs and adjectives to be included in the multimedia dialect dictionary. Sentences in the corpus were cut into phrases and verbs were identified and sorted into lists of verbs. The lists were examined to find patterns of verb conjugation. All conjugated forms were examined regarding succeeding forms, and, based on the distribution, a conjugated form was chosen as an entry. In Japanese, verbs and adjectives belong to the same syntactic category and adjectives change their forms as verbs do. Thus the same procedure was repeated concerning adjectives, and patterns and paradigms of adjective inflection were found.
Ključne besede: Japanese, dialect dictionaries, dialectology, morphology, linguistics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.02.2018; Ogledov: 965; Prenosov: 341
.pdf Celotno besedilo (333,60 KB)
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A new sociolinguistic taxonomy, 'cookbook', and immigrant communities
Yoshiyuki Asahi, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper proposes a sociolinguistic taxonomy, called ‘cookbook,’ which aims to account for highly diverse communities. The definition of this ‘cookbook’ was derived based on its literal meaning, its usage in laboratory situations. ‘Cookbook’ aims to categorise both the speaker at a micro level and society at a macro level at the same time. This will enable us to render more accurate sociolinguistic descriptions in a given community. As examples, two case studies (new town study and diaspora study) are introduced to show how ‘cookbook’ can explain the attested linguistic variation.
Ključne besede: Japanese, Karafuto dialect, Hokkaido dialect, dialectology, sociolinguistics, cookbook method, linguistics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 02.02.2018; Ogledov: 1073; Prenosov: 376
.pdf Celotno besedilo (339,14 KB)
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