Analysis of Selected Aspects of Entrepreneurship Support on the Level of European UnionMartina Repnik
, 2021, magistrsko delo
Opis: Entrepreneurial activity contributes various benefits to a country, one of the most impactful gains being the growth of GDP. Because of that, it is important for policymakers to put in place policies, which encourage and foster entrepreneurial activity- both on a national as well as international level. On an international level, the EU plays a major role in supporting entrepreneurial activity in Europe. For that purpose, the EU institutions are enforcing entrepreneurship-related policies and are establishing programs and funds, which benefit European enterprises. Special emphasis is placed on supporting the entrepreneurial activities of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which are the backbone of the economy. SMEs represent more than 99% of all enterprises in a country, and they create two out of three jobs. Because of their importance, the EU strives to provide a suitable environment and support for them to grow and exist in the long run. EU member countries exploit the offered support to different extents, which means that the EU support affects European companies and member countries in different ways. In this thesis, we explored the role of the EU in connection to entrepreneurial support and activity.
Based on our research, we found very noticeable differences between more and less developed EU countries in terms of the amount of exploited EU support. We discovered that most of the time, more developed EU countries tend to exploit EU entrepreneurial support to a bigger extent, than less developed countries do. That is because less developed countries often lack the ability to set up suitable programs that could qualify for EU funding. We also discovered that less developed countries tend to have higher levels of early-stage entrepreneurial activity than more developed countries do. We have found that this is because citizens in these countries often create their businesses out of necessity, not so much because they perceived a good business opportunity. In less developed countries, where the economical state of the country is less stable and there is a lack of available job offers, citizens are pushed to entrepreneurship out of necessity in order to survive. Related to that, we also discovered that less developed countries dedicate more of their EU funds to SMEs than more developed countries do. But as they lack the proper entrepreneurial ecosystem, these enterprises often fail. Because of that, as it most often occurs out of necessity, high levels of entrepreneurial activity in a less developed country do not quite indicate a well-established national entrepreneurial system. Finally, based on all the data we collected and analyzed in this thesis we have found that entrepreneurial support offered by the EU has been increasing over the years. That is because in the last decades there has been a big increase in the number of programs and funds being established, which focus specifically on SMEs. The same can be seen with the number of entrepreneurial policies being enforced by the EU, as entrepreneurship became one of the main EU priorities.
Ključne besede: entrepreneurial support, entrepreneurship activity, EU funding, access to finance, economic development
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.12.2021; Ogledov: 133; Prenosov: 22
Celotno besedilo (2,33 MB)
34th Bled eConference Digital Support from Crisis to Progressive Change : June 27 – 30, 2021, Online Conference Proceedings
Opis: Bled eConference, organized by University of Maribor, Faculty of Organizational Sciences, has been shaping electronic interaction since 1988. In 2021, Bled eConference was held online for the 2nd time due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The role of digital technologies has never been more important than during the pandemic, allowing people to interact, collaborate and find new opportunities and ways to overcome challenges. The theme of the 34th conference is "Digital Support from Crisis to Progressive Change". Society is beginning to envision what the post-crisis world will look like and is calling for different economic models for the well-being and sustainable development of society. Digital technologies play an important role in achieving these goals. We address the opportunities and challenges of digital transformation and provide guidance for organizations. Topics of the conference proceedings include Digital Transformation, Digital Business, Business Models, Data Science, Digital Health, Digital Wellness, Digital Ethics, Digital Education, Sustainable Cities and Digital Consumers.
Ključne besede: digital, support, crisis, progressive, change
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.06.2021; Ogledov: 348; Prenosov: 15
Povezava na datoteko
Strategy of the University of Maribor : 2021-2030
Opis: The strategy of the University of Maribor pursues an inclusive, innovative and integrated higher education area that will train active, critically-thinking and responsible citizens, guarantee the quality of education and research, academic integrity, and cultivate concern for sustainable development of society. It stresses the importance of the freedom of research and institutional autonomy, development of lifelong learning, digitalisation and green infrastructure. It follows the orientations of the Rome Ministerial Communiqué of 2020 on the development of higher education in Europe, the Magna Charta Universitatum 2020 principles and the national strategic documents on higher education.
Ključne besede: organization and connectivity, education, scientific research and art, stimulating working environment, students, internationalisation, development through quality system, involvement in local environment, spatial development, IT support
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.04.2021; Ogledov: 297; Prenosov: 24
Povezava na datoteko
Pomen izobraževanja osnovnošolcev s področja temeljnih postopkov oživljanjaMarko Kukovec
, 2020, magistrsko delo
Opis: V Sloveniji je stopnja nudenja temeljnih postopkov oživljanja ljudem, ki doživijo srčni zastoj, zelo nizka. Eden izmed razlogov, da se očividci raje umaknejo, je njihovo neznanje. Zato marsikje po svetu učijo osnovnošolce temeljnih postopkov oživljanja in uporabe avtomatskih zunanjih defibrilatorjev. S tem želijo skozi leta izobraziti čim večje število populacije.
Ključne besede: TPO, temeljni postopki oživljanja, oživljanje, prva pomoč, osnovna šola, defibrilator, CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, first aid, basic life support, defibrillator, teach CPR, primary school, elementary school.
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.02.2021; Ogledov: 523; Prenosov: 110
Celotno besedilo (887,09 KB)
Experiencing stress among nurses during resuscitation procedure and legal obligations for healthcare workers in SloveniaAnton Koželj
, Maja Strauss
, Matej Strnad
, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Nurses are always part of the team that performs resuscitation procedures. In this paper the authors explore the influence that resuscitation procedures on nurses who perform them. For data collection, the authors used a survey with a convenience sample of nurses who work in emergency settings. For statistical processing of data, the authors used the calculation of frequency, standard deviation, means, and median. Authors used Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and calculated the p-value. The respondents in the survey completed the Post-Code Stress Scale. The results show that the majority of the respondents experienced resuscitation cases as burdensome situations; however, the level of stress was moderate. Nurses still experience some physical and psychological symptoms during resuscitations.
Ključne besede: basic life support, advanced life support, workloads, resuscitation team, feelings, healthcare worker
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 251; Prenosov: 14
Povezava na datoteko
How to strengthen employee engagement among Slovenian criminal investigators?David Smolej
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
In terms of providing security, employee engagement may be defined as an important contribution by individual criminal investigators or their physical, cognitive and emotional dedication to their work. Employee engagement positively correlates with one’s work, as reflected in the dedication, absorption, and psychological state accompanied by personal energy invested in the work. A fundamental question for the criminal investigation police thus arises of how to achieve maximum engagement and commitment in police work, which in turn will contribute to greater security in Slovenia.
The article is based on empirical research conducted among 160 Slovenian criminal investigators. We used Gallup’s Q12 Employee Engagement Survey to measure employee engagement.
The research encompassing 160 Slovenian criminal investigators shows that most criminal investigators are disengaged. The research also reveals that employee engagement is statistically significantly correlated with self-efficacy, social undermining by one’s supervisor, social support by one’s supervisor and colleagues, as well as cynicism. To raise employee engagement among the Slovenian criminal investigators, we propose several measures affecting the conduct of the police, labour legal matters, operational issues and the leadership.
Research Limitations / Implications:
The first limitation is social desirability bias. The second limitation is a labour strike that was underway while we were collecting the data from the police officers.
The proposed actions should raise the level of employee engagement of Slovenian criminal investigators, while also enhancing the police service’s reliability.
This is the first paper to research employee engagement among Slovenian criminal investigators.
Ključne besede: employee engagement, criminal investigators, cynicism, self-efficacy, social undermining, social support
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.04.2020; Ogledov: 447; Prenosov: 24
Celotno besedilo (778,48 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...
A three-dimensional static numerical model of a complex underground structure in high squeezing groundTina Marolt Čebašek
, Jakob Likar
, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The present study assesses high squeezing ground confirmed by empirical and semi-empirical theories. High squeezing ground is often present in underground constructions at great depths, but it is hardly ever researched separately from light and fair squeezing ground. A three-dimensional, static numerical model is developed for a complex underground structure consisting of a shaft, a silo, and a mine roadway at great depth, which is certainly in high squeezing ground. Furthermore, a solution for the entire structure based on shotcrete with incorporated yielding elements is provided. The yielding elements, in general, absorb the strain energy by compressing at a relatively constant stress, but without rebounding. A three-dimensional, static numerical model of a support system with incorporated yielding elements is established in order to demonstrate that the presented forces are under control. Therefore, a failure of the lining is avoided because the stresses in the shotcrete lining are below its load-bearing capacity. It can be concluded that yielding elements incorporated in the shotcrete lining play an important role in the support solution in high squeezing ground.
Ključne besede: high squeezing ground, numerical model, underground structures, deformations, yielding support element
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.06.2018; Ogledov: 649; Prenosov: 59
Celotno besedilo (606,20 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...
Landslide assessment of the Strača basin (Croatia) using machine learning algorithmsMiloš Marjanović
, Miloš Kovačević
, Branislav Bajat
, Snježana Mihalić Arbanas
, Biljana Abolmasov
, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: In this research, machine learning algorithms were compared in a landslide-susceptibility assessment. Given the input set of GIS layers for the Starča Basin, which included geological, hydrogeological, morphometric, and environmental data, a classification task was performed to classify the grid cells to: (i) landslide and non-landslide cases, (ii) different landslide types (dormant and abandoned, stabilized and suspended, reactivated). After finding the optimal parameters, C4.5 decision trees and Support Vector Machines were compared using kappa statistics. The obtained results showed that classifiers were able to distinguish between the different landslide types better than between the landslide and non-landslide instances. In addition, the Support Vector Machines classifier performed slightly better than the C4.5 in all the experiments. Promising results were achieved when classifying the grid cells into different landslide types using 20% of all the available landslide data for the model creation, reaching kappa values of about 0.65 for both algorithms.
Ključne besede: landslides, support vector machines, decision trees classifier, Starča Basin
Objavljeno v DKUM: 13.06.2018; Ogledov: 598; Prenosov: 48
Celotno besedilo (382,76 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...
Back analysis of time-dependet displacement at the Trojane tunnel constructionJakob Likar
, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The 2,900-metre double tube tunnel of Trojane forms part of the highway section between Celje and Ljubljana and part of the highway road system connecting Lendava and Koper with adjacent roads. The construction of this section, which is of special importance for the Republic Slovenia, has been going on for almost ten years.
The highway near Trojane where the tunnel is located, lies on a hilly terrain composed of Permian-carboniferous rocks, which are tectonically badly damaged in some places and marked with broad fault zones, containing tectonically remoulded soil of low strength in terms of deformability properties. Even though the amount of waters coming from the hills during the excavation of the tunnel was relatively small, this water, in combination with extremely damaged weak rock caused the increase of deformations at the construction site.
Geological and geotechnical surveying with geometric monitoring and the analyses of stress and deformation changes in the surrounding rocks and support elements were critical in assessing the actual weak-rock conditions during the course of construction. Since the analyses of deformation processes, which had been modelled with PLAXIS 3D TUNNEL PROGRAM, showed great impact on permanent stability of the tunnel, special care was paid to rheological changes in the surrounding rocks and combined in-built support elements.
3D back analyses with SOFT-SOIL-CREEP (SSC) constitutive model, which takes into account rheological phenomena, were carried out. The calculations of primary and secondary stresses and deformations were made for two characteristic areas and determined on the basis of realistic geological mapping during tunnel construction. The first area represented typical rocks of the Trojane tunnel, i.e. shales and siltstone, while the second one was a tectonic zone where geological and geotechnical conditions during excavation were less favourable. The results of back analyses used provided an acceptable possibility for estimating the stress-strain variation during construction as well as an appropriate basis for analysing vertical displacements at the tunnel roof. The calculation results show good correlation with field measurements.
Ključne besede: tunnels, construction, permain-carboniferous rocks, geological-geotechnical conditions, tunnel support, Trojane tunnel, finite element method, costitutive models, back analyses, field mesurement, time dependent analysis
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.05.2018; Ogledov: 750; Prenosov: 41
Celotno besedilo (868,88 KB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...
Public support of solar electricity and its impact on households - prosumersJarmila Zimmermannová
, Adam Pawliczek
, Petr Čermák
, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: Currently, the idea of households - prosumers is broadly discussed in public governments, mainly in connection with both the energy security issues and the environmental issues. Therefore, the main goal of this paper is to present new agent model of household - prosumer and to compare two scenarios – “off grid household” and “on grid household”. The additional goal is to evaluate the impact of public support of solar electricity on the economic efficiency of household – prosumer projects (systems).
Design/Methodology/Approach: The model is structured as a micro-level agent model, representing one household – prosumer. The model has the following general characteristics: one household with own electricity generation (photovoltaic panels), battery and in case of “on grid household” also connection to the grid. The main goal of the agent is to cover electricity consumption in household with minimal costs. The agent model of prosumer is tested and validated, using the empirical data.
Results: The highest level of subsidy has significant impact on the economic indicators of selected scenarios. It causes lower investment costs at the beginning of the project and consequently shorter payback period (3-4 years earlier), positive cumulative cash flow, net present value and IRR in earlier period (approximately 5-10 years earlier, depending on the scenario).
Conclusion: We can recommend to the government to continue with current system of subsidies, since it contributes to better economic indicators of particular solar electricity projects. On the other hand, the level of subsidy should be at least the same as in current year 2017, for the purposes of representing the significant part of the investment costs. Low level of subsidy has negligible impact on the economic indicators of households – prosumers projects. The developed agent model is suitable for the evaluation of economic impact of public support on households – prosumers.
Ključne besede: renewable electricity, photovoltaics, prosumers, households, public support, agent model, energy model
Objavljeno v DKUM: 07.05.2018; Ogledov: 863; Prenosov: 306
Celotno besedilo (2,04 MB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...