, Dorota Klimecka-Tatar
, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji
Opis: The companies operating within the so-understood environment, affecting it, have led its degradation. Therefore, to prevent further pollution, a number of laws, policies and strategies were introduced. The article briefly describes all the most important rules. According to the Polish and EU legislation, these companies must take care of the environment and properly manage waste generated during the production process (Ingaldi 2013a).
The waste management is particularly a major challenge for small and medium sized company mainly due to the costs connected with adaptation to the existing legislation. Not every company can afford such changes. Very often the companies prefer to pay the penalty because, from the economic point of view, it is lower than these costs. Very often, it also appears that investments in the environmental protection repeatedly exceed the amount of any possible benefits that can be achieved. However, despite of the situation on market there are a lot of companies for which the natural environment is a priority (Ingaldi 2013b).
One of the most important element is environmental management is recycling of secondary raw materials. It helps to reduce raw materials, which in turn contributes to the protection of natural resources of the earth. It also reduces the amount of space in landfills. The use of waste, which are carriers of energy, is a component of efficient energy management (Lestyánszka Škůrková, Ingaldi 2014; Ingaldi Borkowski 2014).
Management systems, especially environmental management systems, are very helpful tools in environmental management in companies. A management system is the framework of processes and procedures used to ensure that an organization can fulfil all tasks required to achieve its objectives. The environmental management system enables organizations to improve their environmental performance through a process of continuous improvement. It is therefore important to convince managers of companies to be interested in such systems.
The object of this chapter is to help a reader to find summary about main standards of management systems, e.g.: EMAS, ISO 14000, ISO 9000 and ISO 26000.
Ključne besede: environmental management systems, environmental standards, EMAS, ISO 14000, ISO 9000, ISO 26000
Objavljeno: 10.05.2018; Ogledov: 214; Prenosov: 18
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