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Heterogeneous aspirations promote cooperation in the prisoner's dilemma game
Matjaž Perc, Zhen Wang, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: To be the fittest is central to proliferation in evolutionary games. Individuals thus adopt the strategies of better performing players in the hopeof successful reproduction. In structured populations the array of those that are eligible to act as strategy sources is bounded to the immediate neighbors of each individual. But which one of these strategy sources should potentially be copied? Previous research dealt with this question either by selecting the fittest or by selecting one player uniformly at random. Here we introduce a parameter that interpolates between these two extreme options. Setting equal to zero returns the random selection of the opponent, while positive favor the fitter players. In addition, we divide the population intotwo groups. Players from group select their opponents as dictated by the parameter , while players from group do so randomly irrespective of . We denote the fraction of players contained in groups and by and , respectively. The two parameters and allow us to analyze in detail how aspirations in the context of the prisoner's dilemma game influence the evolution of cooperation. We find that for sufficiently positive values of there exist a robust intermediate for which cooperation thrives best. The robustness of this observation is tested against different levels of uncertainty in the strategy adoption process and for different interaction networks. We also provide complete phase diagrams depicting the dependence of the impact of and for different values of , and contrast the validity of ourconclusions by means of an alternative model where individual aspiration levels are subject to evolution as well. Our study indicates that heterogeneity in aspirations may be key for the sustainability of cooperation in structured populations.
Ključne besede: evolutionary game theory, prisoner's dilemma, spatial games, aspirations, social systems, physics and society
Objavljeno: 19.06.2017; Ogledov: 32; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (822,95 KB)

Optimization methods for solving transportation problems on networks
Katja Prnaver, 2011, doktorska disertacija

Opis: In this thesis we study problems from real situations, which can be applied to network graphs and solved using mathematical graph theory. We start with the problem of oriented network design. The problem originates from networks, where the flow over the arcs is important and many times limited with the capacity of the networks. There are several techniques and results on the problem of assigning the flow through the network channels. In our problem, we try to find the optimal network structure, which could be used in the design phase of the network. With metaheuristics, we search for optimal network structures for a given number of nodes. We define triangle neighborhood and compare the results of the algorithm with the conjecture by Choplin et al. [8]. Further, we study the problem of order picking and order batching in block structured warehouses. For order picking problem, we present the extension of a dynamic programming algorithm by Ratliff and Rosenthal [42], which enables the development of an algorithm for an unlimited number of blocks. In order to achieve this, a new presentation of states and transitions of dynamic programming algorithm is given. We prove that the resulting path is optimal for the given structure. We compare the optimal path lengths to the results found in literature and also investigate the impact of warehouse layout parameters onto the routing. Closely related to the problem of order picking, we investigate the order batching problem. We discuss the variation of the order batching problem with time windows and present the algorithmic approach to solving the problem. The previously presented optimal path algorithm is applied in the algorithm to ensure even better quality of results. We introduce the evaluation function of a batch and compare the results of the algorithm with the test data from the literature as well as with data from the real warehouse. We conclude by summarizing the results and stating some possible extensions and further work.
Ključne besede: graph theory, networks, optimization, shortest path problem, traveling salesman problem, algorithms, metaheuristics, order batching
Objavljeno: 03.06.2011; Ogledov: 3214; Prenosov: 123
.pdf Polno besedilo (925,86 KB)

Uncertainties facilitate aggressive behavior in a spatial hawk-dove game
Matjaž Perc, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We study effects of additive spatiotemporal random variations, introduced to the payoffs of a spatial hawk-dove game, on the evolution of the reconciliatory and the aggressive strategy. We show that uncertainties facilitate aggressive behavior for a broad range of resource values. In particular, aggressors thrive best if stochastic influences are of the order of magnitude of deterministic payoff values. We argue that random payoff variations are potent and plausible promoters of aggressive behavior in human as well as animal societies if only the hawk-dove game payoff ranking applies.
Ključne besede: evolutionary game theory, hawk-dove game, noise, spatial games
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 571; Prenosov: 2
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

Fuzzy Logic Model for the performance benchmarking of sugar plants by considering best available techniques
Damjan Krajnc, Miro Mele, Peter Glavič, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper deals with the problem of performance benchmarking of traditional beet sugar plants, by considering Best Available Techniques (BAT) for beet sugar production, as determined by the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive. A Fuzzy Logic Model, based on fuzzy set theory, was constructed for this purpose, in order to compare the performances of sugar plants within the sector's best standards, as expressed in the Reference Document on BAT. The effectiveness of the model was tested in the case study,in which three sugar plants were benchmarked against the BAT regarding the consumption of energy, water, raw materials and the production of wastes, wastewater, by-products and the main product. The model was recognized as helpful for the benchmarking needs of sugar plants. In addition, by integrating BAT Reference Document analysis into the model, it provides IPPC permitting authorities with an objective method and uniform BAT benchmarks to manage permitting process.
Ključne besede: chemical processing, beet sugar production, sugar industry, clean technologies, performance benchmarking, IPPC Directive, technology performance assessment, fuzzy set theory, best available techniques, IPPC permitting process
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1230; Prenosov: 3
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

Thermal vibrational analysis for simply supported beam and clamped beam
Jurij Avsec, Maks Oblak, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The presented paper shows how the temperature field in beams has impact on vibrations of beams. Due to the relatively high possible temperature variations in beams we have developed the mathematical model where fundamental thermomechanical properties of state are functions of temperature such as modulus of elasticity, Poisson number, linear expansion coefficient, shear modulus and some other important thermodynamic properties of state. The detailed analysis shows, that also small changes of temperature cause significant changes of natural frequencies for beams. The comparison between our analytical model and experimental data shows good agreement. In the presented paper it is possible to find for the first time in scientific literature the application of the combination of statistical thermodynamics and the theory of vibration at the same time.
Ključne besede: statistical thermomechanics, vibrations, vibrational theory, temperature effects, simply supported beams, clamped beams, thermomechanical properties
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 562; Prenosov: 6
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

On the vital difference between number theory and numerology in physics
Leila Marek-Crnjac, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The interrelation between pure mathematics and physics is very deep and intricate. It is similar to the duality between pure reason and reality. However, the difference between number theory and numerology when used in physics should be clear and easily sorted out. Confusion in this respect is not possible and while numerology must be deplored, number theoretical argument should be an integral part of theoretical physics.
Ključne besede: number theory, topology, numerology
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 528; Prenosov: 3
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

The exact number of elementary particles of a super symmetric standard model is (2)(137) = 274
Leila Marek-Crnjac, 2008, kratki znanstveni prispevek

Opis: The interrelation between pure mathematics and physics is very deep and intricate. It is similar to the duality between pure reason and reality. However, the difference between number theory and numerology when used in physics should be clear and easily sorted out. Confusion in this respect is not possible and while numerology must be deplored, number theoretical argument should be an integral part of theoretical physics.
Ključne besede: string theories, particles spectrum, Heterotic theory
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 628; Prenosov: 1
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

On edge connectivity of direct products of graphs
Xiang-Lan Cao, Špela Brglez, Simon Špacapan, Elkin Vumar, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Let ▫$lambda(G)$▫ be the edge connectivity of ▫$G$▫. The direct product of graphs ▫$G$▫ and ▫$H$▫ is the graph with vertex set ▫$V(G times H) = V(G) times V(H)$▫, where two vertices ▫$(u_1,v_1)$▫ and ▫$(u_2,v_2)$▫ are adjacent in ▫$G times H$▫ if ▫$u_1u_2 in E(G)$▫ and ▫$v_1v_2 in E(H)$▫. We prove that ▫$lambda(G times K_n) = min{n(n-1)lambda(G), (n-1)delta(G)}$▫ for every nontrivial graph ▫$G$▫ and ▫$n geqslant 3$▫. We also prove that for almost every pair of graphs ▫$G$▫ and ▫$H$▫ with ▫$n$▫ vertices and edge probability ▫$p$▫, ▫$G times H$▫ is ▫$k$▫-connected, where ▫$k=O((n/log n)^2)$▫.
Ključne besede: mathematics, graph theory, combinatorial problems, connectivity, direct product, graph product, separating set
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1065; Prenosov: 122
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

2-local 3/4-competitive algorithm for multicoloring hexagonal graphs
Petra Šparl, Janez Žerovnik, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: An important optimization problem in the design of cellular networks is to assign sets of frequencies to transmitters to avoid unacceptable interference.A cellular network is generally modeled as a subgraph of the infinite triangular lattice. Frequency assignment problem can be abstracted asa multicoloring problem on a weighted hexagonal graph, where the weights represent the number of calls to be assigned at vertices. In this paper we present a distributed algorithm for multicoloring hexagonal graphs using only the local clique numbers ▫$omega_1(v)$▫ and ▫$omega_2(v)$▫ at each vertex v of the given hexagonal graph, which can be computed from local information available at thevertex. We prove the algorithm uses no more than ▫$4omega(G)/3$▫ colors for any hexagonal graph G, without explicitly computing the global clique number ▫$omega(G)$▫. We also prove that our algorithm is 2-local, i.e., the computation at a vertex v ▫$in$▫ G uses only information about the demands of vertices whose graph distance from v is less than or equal to 2.
Ključne besede: mathematics, graph theory, graph colouring, 2-local distributed algorithm, cellular networks, frequency planning
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 927; Prenosov: 2
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

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