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(De)centralization of public procurement at the local level in the EU
Boštjan Brezovnik, Žan Oplotnik, Borut Vojinović, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The so-called decentralization of public procurement in EU Member States is accepted as the most suitable design of the public procurement system, often justified by greater economic efficiency and by the possibility of boosting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, which act on the public procurement market as providers of goods, services and works. Despite the existence of highly decentralized public procurement systems which reflect the decentralization of administrative systems, especially after the recession, there is a stronger tendency for centralization of public procurement in the EU. The so-called aggregation of demand by contracting authorities can be done in order to achieve economies of scale, including lower prices and transaction costs as well as to improve and professionalize the management of procurement procedures (as highlighted in the Directive 2014/24/EU by the European Parliament and the EU Council). However, even in the context of public procurement centralization, local contracting authorities (i.e., public administration authorities and organizations) in Member States should be provided with a sufficiently wide range of possible (centralized) organizational structures and contractual (vertical and horizontal) public-public partnerships which will allow them to select the most suitable and most economically effective organizational structure for the execution of public procurement.
Ključne besede: centralization, public procurement, local self-government, fiscal decentralization, EU, European Union
Objavljeno: 14.07.2017; Ogledov: 71; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (347,03 KB)

6.
ZAVEDANJE UPORABNIKOV O ZASEBNOSTI IN VARNOSTI OBLAČNIH STORITEV
Dejan Tojnko, 2016, diplomsko delo

Opis: Varnost in zasebnost podatkov, je v današnjem času zelo pomembna, saj se informacije o ljudeh zbirajo na vsakem koraku na vsakem koraku. Naloga skrbnikov podatkov je, da podatke zaščitijo in tako varujejo zasebnost, naloga ljudi pa je, da z svojimi podatki ravnajo odgovorno in so seznanjeni komu jih predajajo. V prvem delu diplomskega dela smo teoretično opisali, kaj pomeni varnost in zasebnost podatkov in kako se zagotavlja. V drugem delu, pa smo izvedli raziskavo z pomočjo eksperimenta, ki je vključeval napravo za sledenje očem in anketni vprašalnik. V tretjem delu naloge smo predstavili rezultate raziskave in podali nekaj predlogov. Rezultati raziskave so pokazali, da uporabniki ne zaupajo v oblačne storitve, kar je lahko posledica tega, da so zelo slabo seznanjeni z varnostjo in varovanjem zasebnosti v tovrstnih storitvah. Uporabnik prav tako ne pozna svojih pravic in se ne seznani z pogoji uporabe, čeprav jih ponudniki jasno predstavijo. Na splošno je zavedanje o varnosti in zasebnosti zelo nizko. Ugotovili smo, da raziskava pri kateri potrebujemo več kandidatov in posebno opreme še zdaleč ni preprosta za izvedbo in zahteva veliko priprav in načrtovanja.
Ključne besede: Saas - Software as a service – programska oprema kot storitev, IaaS - Infrastructure as a Service – infrastruktura kot storitev, PaaS - Platform as a Service – platforma kot storitev, CRM – customer relation management - upravljanje odnosov s strankami, AES - advanced encryption standard – napredni šifrirni standard, EU – European Union – Evropska unija, DoS – Denial of Service – zavrnitev storitve
Objavljeno: 26.09.2016; Ogledov: 226; Prenosov: 12
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,57 MB)

7.
The influential knowledge factors of companies' performance in Slovenia
Katja Rašič, Matjaž Mulej, Vesna Čančer, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: Knowledge plays a crucial role in supporting the European Union model based on economic growth, social responsibility, and sustainable development. To improve companies’ performance, one must reflect on new forms of knowledge and develop new indicators to measure them. Objectives: The goal of the paper is to investigate the impact of the selected factors of knowledge on companies’ performance in Slovenia. Methods/Approach: A questionnaire was created and sent to small and medium-sized enterprises in Slovenia. The principle axis factoring method was used to identify the factors of knowledge and of companies’ performance, and a regression analysis was conducted to determine the influence of the selected knowledge factors on companies’ performance. Results: The establishment of scientists’ collaboration with companies has a positive impact on companies’ performance, but the obstacles to the establishment of scientists’ collaboration with companies do not have any impact. Conclusions: The results could be useful for governments and companies in the adoption of measures aimed at strengthening scientists’ collaboration with companies. Further research can be oriented toward the common synergy index (e.g., the knowledge triangle).
Ključne besede: company performance, indicator, knowledge, transitional economy, Slovenia, European Union
Objavljeno: 31.03.2017; Ogledov: 132; Prenosov: 7
.pdf Polno besedilo (329,74 KB)

8.
Attitudes towards Euro-English in a European Union institution
Tina Balič, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study deals with the attitudinal aspect of Euro-English, denoting a specific form of the English language that is frequently used within the institutions of the European Union. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 285 representatives who work for one of these institutions in Brussels. The respondents were asked to rate several deviations from Standard English, identified in a corpus-based analysis of EU texts, as either "acceptable" or "unacceptable" English usage. The findings reveal that the high acceptability rates of the proposed features among the non-native English-speaking respondents were mainly related to their proficiency in English and/or mother tongue interference. Moreover, since native speakers of English also accepted most of the proposed deviations, it follows that the participants did not seem to be aware of non-standardness in the test sentences. Euro-English must be regarded as EU jargon due to its technical, administrative or legal nature and not as a separate non-standard form of English for EU institutional settings.
Ključne besede: European Union institution, Euro-English, corpus linguistics, deviations from Standard English, attitudes towards language, Eurojargon
Objavljeno: 12.05.2017; Ogledov: 84; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Polno besedilo (227,32 KB)

9.
Introduction and affirmation of car trains in the European Union
Sabina Kamnik Zebec, Bojan Pirš, Hugo Maučec, 2008, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: We live in a time of continuous technical and technological development. It is the time of globalization which is the main driver of the technological procedures in the process of executing transport services. Railway transport in Europe requires special attention, since it has a number of attributes which are not being effectively used. Measures to reduce the use of road network have been prepared, which would consequently increase railway transport. Individuals in personal vehicles could reduce transport costs with the increasing use of railway transport.The introduction of car trains in Europe is also supported by the European Union, but there has been very little done in the European car train system. The first goal of the European union seems to be understandable : using piggyback transport to redirect as much road freight transport as possible to the European railway system. Car trains in the integrated European rail system are one of numerous possibilities of how to offer a user of personal vehicle and his fellow passengers a safe, comfortable,economical and ecologically acceptable way of travel on a specific distance in the local or global sense of combined transport of vehicles and passengers.
Ključne besede: road transport, railway transport, car trains, European Union
Objavljeno: 02.06.2017; Ogledov: 50; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Polno besedilo (5,68 MB)

10.
Inter-municipal cooperation
Iztok Rakar, Bojan Tičar, Maja Klun, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The financial crisis has once again brought up the question of the "perfect size" of local governments and revealed a new dimension of the eternal question of financing self-governing local communities. The paper presents a comparative overview of efforts to determine the "perfect size" of municipalities and recent reforms in different countries aimed at enabling municipalities to ensure both local-level democracy and identity, and economic efficiency in the delivery of public services. One of the most popular ways for achieving this goal is to promote various forms of inter-municipal cooperation. Some forms of inter-municipal cooperation already exist in Slovenia; a considerable breakthrough in this regard occurred in 2007, but such an approach would have been possible much earlier. Analyses show that this change is due to changes in the rules regarding co-financing. Despite the fact that neither literature nor politics in Slovenia sees inter-municipal cooperation as an alternative to merging municipalities, experiences show that practice will proceed in this direction.
Ključne besede: municipalities, inter-municipalk cooperation, Slovenia, European Union
Objavljeno: 14.07.2017; Ogledov: 123; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (571,95 KB)

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