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Corporate governance of banks in Poland and Slovenia
Polona Pašić, Borut Bratina, Mejra Festić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper focuses on the analysis of the characteristics of corporate governance in banks in Poland and Slovenia between 2005 and 2013. It studies the impact of corporate governance in these banks on their performance. The results of our research show that Slovenia achieved lower average scores for the variables and indicators related to the transparency of corporate governance than Poland. The density of banks with the highest corporate governance index scores was higher in Poland than in Slovenia. When examining the impact of corporate governance on bank performance as measured with net interest income, the regression analysis showed that its impact is positive in both countries and that it is statistically significant in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: corporate governance, bank performance, Central and Eastern Europe, corporate governance index, net interest income
Objavljeno: 03.04.2017; Ogledov: 493; Prenosov: 219
.pdf Celotno besedilo (281,72 KB)
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4.
Institutional framework and typology of economic transition in post-communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe
Pavel Ptáček, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Departing from the concept of transformation and transition, this article highlights some main directions and problem areas of this process. It starts with description of transitory architecture in countries of Central and Eastern Europe based mostly on the concept of “Washington consensus” as the main method being used during the first stages of transition in many post-communist countries. Firstly we start with description of “Washington consensus” and its application in different countries in transition – from Latin America to the region of post-communist countries. After this theoretical part we start with concrete examples from particular countries where the key transitional processes will be described. Main focus will be put on the privatisation process in the Czech Republic in comparison to other post-communist countries. Typology of transitory processes in particular countries from “shock therapy” to “gradualist” ones will be placed. Than alternative approaches to transition will be introduced, focusing on the concept of path dependency, network analysis, regulation theory and their approaches to state socialism and post-communist transformations. Summarisation of main findings and the counterbalance to neo-liberal approach will be discussed. Is there some “post- Washington consensus” which has learnt from previous mistakes?
Ključne besede: transition, transformation, institutions, Central Europe, Eastern Europe
Objavljeno: 14.03.2018; Ogledov: 405; Prenosov: 58
.pdf Celotno besedilo (183,13 KB)
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5.
Crime as a business, business as a crime
Josip Kregar, Antonija Petričušić, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper endorses the claim that in transitional societies the line between business and crime is elusive because weak states foster a legal order that is formalistic, bureaucratic, politically biased and prone to corruption. Design/Methods/Approach: Three elements are discussed in the paper. First, the paper briefly analyses legal and institutional state of affairs in transitional Western Balkans societies that condone organised crime. Secondly, it investigates the phenomenology of the (corruptive) crime behaviour, explaining how it managed to integrate into society in the context of a weak state. Thirdly, the paper investigates why state policies and measures fail to fight crime as the business. In this part the paper contests a traditional definition of criminal organisation as a hierarchical one, claiming that mafias are not organizations in a traditional sense. Findings: The paper emphasizes that the fight against organised crime is not just a fight against individuals or individual criminal behaviour; but a fight to increase the efficiency of the government. The paper furthermore asserts that better understand of the organised crime problem can occur only if its fighting and addressing happens from the point of view of a good governance. Namely, the precondition to fight against organised crime or parallel activity requires increased efficiency and capacity of governmental institutions. Originality/Value: This paper adds to the academic and practical understanding of the organised crime in the post-transitional settings. Apart from being instructive and up-todated source of information for the regional setting it deals with, the paper sheds a new light on understanding of organised crime.
Ključne besede: organised crime, organisation, transition, money laundering, corruption, good governance, South-Eastern Europe
Objavljeno: 12.05.2020; Ogledov: 49; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (551,52 KB)
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