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1.
The right to a fair trial of legal persons throughout the case law of the ECHR and the CJEU
Mariia Sokolova, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The ambition of this article is an analysis of the right to a fair trial of legal entities through the prism of the jurisprudence of the ECtHR and the CJEU. Despite the factual admission of the right to a fair trial to companies in the case law of the Courts, the absence of a strong theoretical foundation and persuasive explanation in their judgments raises ambiguity as to the ECtHR and the CJEU positions in that regard. In that context, the article examines landmark cases of both Courts and relevant doctrinal considerations concerning the application of guarantees provided by the right to a fair trial to legal persons. The ECtHR case law is considered inconsistent and the Strasbourg court, it appears, tries to avoid any far-reaching conclusions. The CJEU in its case law, due to the inherent focus of EU law on economic values, interprets the right to a fair trial of companies broadly, and sometimes, broader than it is needed. It is concluded that the issue requires more attention from both the Courts and legal scholars, in the view of serious consequences the ignorance and unfounded admission of any fundamental right could entail to the society and economy.
Ključne besede: the right to a fair trial, the right to an effective legal remedy, legal persons, companies, fundamental rights of companies, ECHR, Charter of Fundamental Rights
Objavljeno v DKUM: 18.04.2024; Ogledov: 115; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (426,22 KB)
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2.
Legal aspects of health implications caused by environmental distress
Rajko Knez, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The article tries to explore legal consequences in cases where the environmental distress causes health implications for individuals. The author begins with the observations from two different angles, that is ex ante and ex post actions. Both approaches differ substantively, since the ex ante approach is applied by state authorities (command-and-control approach, de iure imperii acts), while the ex post approach is by a general rule initiated by individuals against polluters/state. Both approaches are discussed considering the application of EU rules and beyond (ECHR, Aarhus convention). The main emphasis is given to one of the biggest problems, that is the issue of causality, which discourages many plaintiffs from claiming damages. For the so-called post-industrial risks the conventional rules of causality do not suffice, which is why certain courts proposed that changes in this respect are necessary. In addition, the role of NGOs is emphasised, since the NGO can, especially in the ex ante approach, achieve better effects, especially when locus standi is assured.
Ključne besede: environmental protection, healthy living environment, legal remedies in environmental law, ECHR Art. 8, ECHR Art. 2, command-and-control approach, claims for damages, health
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.10.2018; Ogledov: 1121; Prenosov: 154
.pdf Celotno besedilo (470,49 KB)
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