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1.
Juvenile crime in the 21st century
Irena Cajner Mraović, Valentina Asančaić, Dubravko Derk, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The main goal of the paper is to analyse dynamics of juvenile crime and to identify long-term tendencies in the development of this negative social phenomenon in Croatia in this century. Design/Methods/Approach: Based on official police statistics, the analysis of the dynamics and the average rate of change are used to reveal and compare trends in reported overall, violent, and juvenile property crime in Croatia between 2000 and 2013. Model of a linear trend is used to make a prediction of future short-time trends. Findings: Though the total number of reported juvenile crime is stable or even slightly declining over the observed period, there are exceptional increases or declines in certain years and in certain offences, which can create the wrong impression about alarming changes. It especially applies to the oscillations of the number of reported juvenile homicide and rape, because of small absolute numbers. Substantial and significant fluctuations during the observed period, are found in reported rates for robbery and theft: there is a decrease in reported theft and increase in reported robbery. Originality/Value: In Croatia, but also in other post-socialist countries in Central Eastern Europe, there are general beliefs of the dramatic increase in juvenile crime rates since late 1990s. Results of this study reveal how such cursory review obscures some long-term and significant changes in juvenile crime, which are indicative when speaking about the juvenile crime under conditions of intensive social change.
Ključne besede: juvenile, overall crime, violent crime, property crime, Croatia, trends
Objavljeno: 16.04.2020; Ogledov: 233; Prenosov: 5
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2.
Developing police search strategies for elderly missing persons in Croatia
Ksenija Butorac, Marijan Šuperina, Ljiljana Mikšaj-Todorović, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper examines the distribution of elderly missing persons in the city of Zagreb per variables (age, sex of the missing person, social and marital status, employment, place and duration of disappearance, method of finding the missing person, its outcome, reasons for disappearance, etc.) needed for the design of the plan of the search for the missing person. Design/Methods/Approach: The paper uses data collected through a questionnaire with 417 variables and processed with certain basic statistical methods. The collected data are examined on a sample of 170 elderly missing persons in the city of Zagreb, and through characteristics of methods, measures and actions, together with the methods of search for elderly persons in cities, with special reference to Zagreb. Findings: The statistically established behavioural modes of certain groups of elderly people are analysed: persons with Alzheimer’s disease and persons with suicidal risk. The stated findings largely assist in planning and conducting the search for those persons, especially for missing person profiling and his/her possible movement since disappearance. The success of the search for the missing person presumes knowledge about the stated specifics by all searchers. It especially applies to the police in the formal, due to its sole duty and competence for the search for missing persons, as well as in the real sense where they conduct search measures and actions together with other participants adapted to real situations of disappearance of elderly persons. Research Limitations / Implications: The research has been limited by data available from the police bulletin of daily events, but this limitation was partially removed by a direct insight into the police files containing the case history. During the research, the legal and ethical regulations regarding personal data protection were strictly followed. Originality/Value: There is a number of researches on police search for the missing persons (UK, USA, Australia etc.), but few of them deal with elderly persons. This paper introduces a new offensive approach to the search for the missing person on a strategic level (missing person profiling with regard to specific variables, possible movement and routes, “wanderings”). New police procedures are suggested on a tactical level (e.g., stopping a person who disappeared in a certain area), but they include traditional police methods (car & regular patrols, police officers on bicycles, police search dogs, collecting information, conducting interviews, terrain search etc.). Introduction of the principle of partnership search for the missing person. Research results should be useful to police practice and their education.
Ključne besede: missing persons, police search, elderly persons, Alzheimer's disease, Croatia
Objavljeno: 16.04.2020; Ogledov: 201; Prenosov: 14
.pdf Celotno besedilo (366,35 KB)
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3.
Police officersʼ motor abilities and their link to martial arts achievements
Damir Lauš, Goran Ribičić, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The objective of this paper is to determine the link between police officers’ motor abilities and their achievements in the martial arts. Design/Methods/Approach: The research involved a sample of 140 police officers employed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Croatia. The sample of criterion variables involves evaluating five groups of elements that are used to assess the quality of performing martial arts elements: N1 – strikes and blocks; N2 – judo falls and throwing; N3 – arrest techniques; N4 – defence against an unarmed attacker; and N5 – defence against an armed attacker. The quality of a performance was evaluated by three kinesiologists who are martial arts instructors. The sample of predictor variables involves 17 tests for assessing motor abilities and one test for assessing functional abilities. Findings: Regression analyses revealed a significant correlation between the predictor variables and each of the five criterion variables. The link between the police officers’ achievements in the martial arts and their motor abilities was defined according to the following variables: side steps, standing long jump, throwing a 3-kg medicine ball, push-ups in one minute, overhand grip pull-ups on a bar, and squats in one minute. Value: It may be concluded from the research results that attention should be paid in the martial arts training of police officers to developing and improving their coordination, agility, as well as their explosive and repetitive strength.
Ključne besede: police, police officers, self-defence, motor abilities, Croatia
Objavljeno: 15.04.2020; Ogledov: 159; Prenosov: 10
.pdf Celotno besedilo (816,72 KB)
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4.
Foreign Languages in Tourism
Petra Mikulčić, 2019, magistrsko delo

Opis: The aim of this master’s thesis was to examine in what way the foreign language curricula of the higher education institutions for tourism meet the needs of the tourism industry in Croatia. The research was conducted between both parties of this topic – the representatives of higher education institutions for tourism and the tourism industry representatives. The analysis of research results showed there is currently a gap between what the foreign language curricula of the higher education institutions for tourism have to provide and what the tourism industry actually needs. The research results suggested the main reasons for that gap are the absence of unique education strategy in tourism, a lack of practical work associated with tourism studies, overcrowded classrooms and insufficient learning hour rate. They also suggested possible improvements, which would make the foreign language curricula much more effective. Some of them include: the development of the unique education strategy in tourism, a more prudent choice of languages that are being taught, a limitation of enrollment quotes, an emphasised awareness of the importance of personal initiatives, the curricula with more interaction, adopting trends and successful ideas and changes in knowledge evaluation process. It is our hope this research will help in recognising the necessary changes and provide inspiration for improvements.
Ključne besede: Foreign languages, tourism industry, higher education, curricula, Croatia
Objavljeno: 14.11.2019; Ogledov: 459; Prenosov: 70
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,81 MB)

5.
Is there something as an ex-Yugoslavian HRM model?
Nina Pološki Vokić, Andrej Kohont, Agneš Slavić, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The question of this paper is whether there is an ex-Yugoslavia HRM model drawing upon Western imported features fused with ethno open-socialistic and self-management elements? In the empirical part Cranet data for 341 companies from Croatia, Slovenia and Serbia are analysed. Main characteristics of HRM systems in ex-Yugoslavia are: the HRM strategic partner role is still neglected, the mind-set of taking care for everybody is omnipresent, the value of performance management is not fully entrusted, the full-time employment still predominates, and the trade unions retained their barging power. Although 30 indicators revealed specifics of ex-Yugoslavia HRM model, the theorized hybrid HRM system was not disclosed.
Ključne besede: human resource management (HRM), ex-Yugoslavia HRM model, CRANET data, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 03.05.2018; Ogledov: 541; Prenosov: 79
.pdf Celotno besedilo (812,12 KB)
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6.
Individual's resistance regarding BPM initiative
Mirjana Pejić Bach, Vesna Bosilj-Vukšić, Daila Suša-Vugec, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Though the individual’s resistance is very often considered a significant barrier to BPM success, the literature on that topic is quite scarce. With the aim to shed light on this topic, we have conducted research of a Croatian insurance company. We examined the impact of individual’s resistance regarding BPM initiative using the theory of reasoned action. Structural equation model was developed using the data collected by the survey among company employees. The results indicate that subjective norms are positively related to the individual’s resistance regarding BPM initiative, while positive initial belief regarding BPM initiative tends to decrease the probability of resistance to change.
Ključne besede: business process management, theory of reasoned action, individual’s resistance, insurance company, change management, Croatia
Objavljeno: 03.05.2018; Ogledov: 423; Prenosov: 98
.pdf Celotno besedilo (837,86 KB)
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7.
Analysis of personal income taxation determinants in Croatia in long run
Irena Palić, Ksenija Dumičić, Barbara Grofelnik, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Personal income taxation remains an ongoing issue in Croatia. It is used as an important instrument of income redistribution. Moreover, it directly affects purchasing power of the working population. Numerous changes have been made in this type of taxation since the establishment of Croatian tax system. The aim of this paper is to analyse possible determinants of personal income taxation in Croatia. After offering brief insight into public finance theory regarding personal income taxation, the structure of personal income taxation in Croatia is explained. The empirical analysis of the determinants of personal income taxation in Croatia is conducted using cointegration analysis. Economic conditions, average monthly wage, and number of taxpayers are used as determinants of personal income tax used in this research. The cointegration analysis is conducted using monthly data from January 2008 to February 2016. The results of the research show a statistically significant negative impact of economic conditions and statistically significant positive impact of average monthly wage and number of taxpayers on personal income taxation in long run, what is in line with economic and public finance theory.
Ključne besede: personal income taxation determinants, economic conditions, wages, number of taxpayers, johansen cointegration approach, Croatia
Objavljeno: 03.05.2018; Ogledov: 492; Prenosov: 105
.pdf Celotno besedilo (361,99 KB)
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8.
Geographical reflections of mine pollution in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia
Snježana Musa, Željka Šiljković, Dario Šakić, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Numerous landmine fields cause an immense problem for the development of economy in rural areas of the Republic of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Even twenty years after the Homeland War in Croatia, i.e. the same period after signing the Dayton Accord and war cessation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, huge areas are still contaminated with landmines. In Croatia are approximately 1.69 % of contaminated territory agricultural areas in the east part of country, forests and forestry land, i.e. pastures in highlands and the Mediterranean areas are most endangered. Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the most landmine contaminated countries in the world. Severe landmine contamination in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been detected on pasture and forestry land, in the vicinity of the former war zone, in the central part of the country. Out of the total number of 1,366 landmine contaminated settlements in the Bosnia and Herzegovina territory, some 1,169 are rural communities.
Ključne besede: mines, minefields, rural communities, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 611; Prenosov: 68
.pdf Celotno besedilo (868,71 KB)
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9.
Economic-geographic analysis of differentiated development in Croatian coastal region
Zdenko Braičić, Jelena Lončar, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main characteristic of the current development process in Republic of Croatia's coastal area is its unevenness. While former studies on differences in regional development have mainly discussed inequalities in terms of coast/inland/islands, this study analyzes a differentiated economic development along the Croatian coast, not including the islands. Basic analytical spatial units are cities and municipalities that can be classified into seven major coastal spatial units (sub-regions): Istria, Rijeka, Sub-Velebit, Zadar, Šibenik, Split and Dubrovnik-Neretva coastal area. In order to rate the level of development and determine differences in economic activities of coastal spatial region, several economic indicators have been taken into account. The results have confirmed that Istria and Rijeka coastal subregions are the most prosperous parts of Croatian coast. The economic orientation of cities and municipalities on the coast has been determined with the index of specialization.
Ključne besede: Coastal spatial units, economic development, indicators, functional specialization, Croatia
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 433; Prenosov: 71
.pdf Celotno besedilo (576,92 KB)
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10.
Language, ideology and politics in Croatia
Mate Kapović, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Based in part on his recent book Čiji je jezik? (Who does Language Belong to?), the author reviews the intricate relation of language, ideology, and politics in Croatia in the last 20 years, including new examples and analyses. The article emphasizes problems related to Croatia specifically, which might be of interest to foreign Slavists and linguists, while the monograph (in Croatian) deals with the problems of language, society, politics, ideology, and sociolinguistics in general.
Ključne besede: linguistics, sociolinguistics, language politics, Croatia, purism
Objavljeno: 06.02.2018; Ogledov: 428; Prenosov: 252
.pdf Celotno besedilo (396,67 KB)
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