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1.
Management of children and adolescents with coeliac disease in selected Central European countries
Petra Rižnik, 2021, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Coeliac disease (CD) is a lifelong systemic autoimmune disorder elicited by gluten and related prolamines in genetically susceptible individuals and is one of the most common chronic diseases, affecting about 1% of the population. It has a very diverse clinical presentation, involving intestinal, extraintestinal and even asymptomatic presentations. Due to its genetic background, CD is more common among family members of affected individuals and is associated with a number of other conditions. The diagnosis of CD is traditionally based on the presence of a specific immune response and characteristic histological changes in the small intestinal mucosa. In the recently published European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) guidelines, the initial diagnostic step is determination of CD-specific IgA autoantibodies against type-2 (tissue) transglutaminase. Positive autoantibodies imply a high probability of mucosal atrophy. To confirm the diagnosis, an upper endoscopy with multiple duodenal biopsies should be performed. However, ESPGHAN guidelines for the past eight years allow paediatric gastroenterologists to diagnose the disease without intestinal biopsy when certain criteria are met. The only available treatment for CD is a lifelong strict gluten-free diet, which should only be initiated after firm confirmation of the diagnosis. Patients have to avoid all gluten-containing products, including products from wheat and wheat cultivars, rye, barley, Khorasan wheat, triticale and bulgur. Owing to the high likelihood of cross-contamination, avoidance of oats is also recommended in many regions. Despite being one of the most common lifelong disorders, CD still remains undiagnosed for a long time in many adult and paediatric patients. Diagnostic delays in some regions exceed 10 years, which can have important adverse effects on patients’ health and quality of life. The aims of our study were to analyse the clinical presentation of CD in children and adolescents in selected Central European (CE) countries, to evaluate the compliance with current ESPGHAN guidelines for diagnosing CD in children and adolescents, to assess the diagnostic delays in children and adolescents with CD in selected CE countries, to identify possible regional differences, and to determine whether the clinical presentation or the diagnostic approach influence diagnostic delays. The study was carried out as a part of the Focus IN CD project with twelve project partners from five CE countries (Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Slovenia). Paediatric gastroenterologists from the included regions were encouraged by the regional project partners to complete a web-based questionnaire, providing anonymised medical records of children and adolescents below 19 years of age who were diagnosed with CD in 2016. The questionnaire was translated into the languages of all project partners and focused on the onset of the CD-related symptoms, clinical presentation, diagnostic approach, and the results of all performed tests. The medical records of children and adolescents were then analysed, and the results compared regionally. We found that a non-classical clinical presentation and asymptomatic disease are becoming more common, and the classical clinical presentation with malabsorption syndrome less frequent in children and adolescents with CD. Abdominal pain was found to be the most common leading symptom in children older than three years, whereas, in very young children (
Ključne besede: coeliac disease, children, adolescents, Central Europe, clinical presentation, management, diagnostic delays
Objavljeno: 18.03.2021; Ogledov: 118; Prenosov: 25
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,15 MB)

2.
Hungarian challenges of housing block regeneration
András Trócsányi, Kristóf Orbán, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: As post-socialist suburbanisation is about to decline, and the buildings of cities start to age rapidly, more and more attention is focused on city rehabilitation in East-Central Europe as well, which will probably be continued in the near future by the rehabilitation of early housing estates. Through an example, the current study shows the challenges such an action faces. Based on the comparison of demands with scenarios that were drawn up from data bases originating from a diverse methodology, it appears that the most reasonable idea would be to generally apply the basic principles of diversification and selecto-concentration, but the uniqueness of individual housing blocks requires that planning is done on an individual basis.
Ključne besede: regeneration, planning, East-Central Europe, housing estates, selecto-concentration
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 391; Prenosov: 48
.pdf Celotno besedilo (428,98 KB)
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3.
Institutional framework and typology of economic transition in post-communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe
Pavel Ptáček, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Departing from the concept of transformation and transition, this article highlights some main directions and problem areas of this process. It starts with description of transitory architecture in countries of Central and Eastern Europe based mostly on the concept of “Washington consensus” as the main method being used during the first stages of transition in many post-communist countries. Firstly we start with description of “Washington consensus” and its application in different countries in transition – from Latin America to the region of post-communist countries. After this theoretical part we start with concrete examples from particular countries where the key transitional processes will be described. Main focus will be put on the privatisation process in the Czech Republic in comparison to other post-communist countries. Typology of transitory processes in particular countries from “shock therapy” to “gradualist” ones will be placed. Than alternative approaches to transition will be introduced, focusing on the concept of path dependency, network analysis, regulation theory and their approaches to state socialism and post-communist transformations. Summarisation of main findings and the counterbalance to neo-liberal approach will be discussed. Is there some “post- Washington consensus” which has learnt from previous mistakes?
Ključne besede: transition, transformation, institutions, Central Europe, Eastern Europe
Objavljeno: 14.03.2018; Ogledov: 584; Prenosov: 80
.pdf Celotno besedilo (183,13 KB)
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4.
Principal space-related transformation processes demonstrated by maps of the Atlas of Eastern and Southeastern Europe
Peter Jordan, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The article highlights some principal transformation processes in the post-Communist transformation countries of Central and Southeast Europe. This comprises (1) environmental change, (2) growing spatial disparities, (3) democratic transformation with a focus on administrative decentralisation and (4) the consequences of a rise in national and ethnic consciousness. As its main source this article is based on the Atlas of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, edited as a thematic map series since 1989 by the author of this article.
Ključne besede: transformation, Central Europe, Southeast Europe, environment, spatial disparities, administrative decentralisation, national consciousness
Objavljeno: 14.03.2018; Ogledov: 537; Prenosov: 72
.pdf Celotno besedilo (175,53 KB)
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5.
Corporate governance of banks in Poland and Slovenia
Polona Pašić, Borut Bratina, Mejra Festić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper focuses on the analysis of the characteristics of corporate governance in banks in Poland and Slovenia between 2005 and 2013. It studies the impact of corporate governance in these banks on their performance. The results of our research show that Slovenia achieved lower average scores for the variables and indicators related to the transparency of corporate governance than Poland. The density of banks with the highest corporate governance index scores was higher in Poland than in Slovenia. When examining the impact of corporate governance on bank performance as measured with net interest income, the regression analysis showed that its impact is positive in both countries and that it is statistically significant in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: corporate governance, bank performance, Central and Eastern Europe, corporate governance index, net interest income
Objavljeno: 03.04.2017; Ogledov: 681; Prenosov: 293
.pdf Celotno besedilo (281,72 KB)
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