Overview of inmates' treatment in SloveniaDanijela Frangež
, Jerneja Šifrer
, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek
The purpose of this article is to present an overview of inmates’ treatment in Slovenia. After the introduction a brief discussion of terms is presented. The overview then takes a historical focus followed by a more detailed description of current treatment in Slovenia.
The paper is based on a literature review and on a conducted interview.
Slovenian penal institutions are dominated by compromise between treatment and punishment policy. The treatment, however, can be implemented only to the degree that is permitted by the security measurements in the penal institution. Therefore, Slovenia was and still is confronted with a question: what kind of punishment and inmates’ treatment practice would be most effective?
The lack of literature on inmates’ treatment in Slovenia published in recent years was the main issue the authors have to deal with. Therefore the interview with treatment personnel was conducted.
Taking into account a chronological overview of inmates’ treatment in Slovenia, the paper reflects the inmates’ treatment in Slovenian society today.
This paper attempts to provide a broad overview of Slovenian treatment of inmates. It may be important to non-academic policy makers, students as to academics interested in gaining some knowledge about Slovenia’s past and present prison treatment policies.
Ključne besede: treatment, rehabilitation, resocialization, inmates, prison, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 12.05.2020; Ogledov: 299; Prenosov: 9
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Standard of control under Article 8 ARSIWALeon Brulc
, 2019, magistrsko delo
Opis: State responsibility is considered an essential part of international law, since the whole body of international law would in essence be deemed ineffective if the States were not held liable for their conduct. States are the principal bearers of international obligations because of their legal personality. As a consequence, the fact that States have certain obligations, means that responsibility is heavily interlinked with the notion of sovereignty and vice versa. Similarly to individuals, sovereignty of States is limited with the rights of other States. However, this does not mean that State responsibility is an abandonment of State’s sovereignty, but rather its attribute.
A State cannot act on its own. It can only conduct its operations through its organs and through private actors. While the conduct of an organ of a State might automatically be attributed to that State, the attributability of a private actor’s conduct appears to be more problematic. One of the grounds of attribution of a private actor’s conduct is found in Article 8 of the International Law Commission’s Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts (ARSIWA). Under Article 8 of the ARSIWA, private actor’s conduct is attributable to a State if that State instructs a private actor or if it controls or directs it. When it comes to the attribution on the grounds of control, the case law and theory, as to the degree of control required to trigger State responsibility, are at odds. While part of the theory defends the test adopted by the International Court of Justice (the effective control test), other academics defend the test proposed by International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (the overall control test). This clash is the focal point of the thesis.
While both of these tests were developed in a (para)military context, the question arises whether they can be applied to private corporations, and if the answer is yes, to what extent. In addition to proposing an appropriate test for corporations, this thesis also tries to find the appropriate test for (para)military group and determine whether there should be only one test for attribution or if there ought to be multiple.
Ključne besede: State responsibility, Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts, Article 8, Attributability, Control, Tadić case, Military activities in Nicaragua case, Bosnian genocide case, effective control test, overall control test
Objavljeno: 27.06.2019; Ogledov: 688; Prenosov: 171
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A LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF A COMMENTARY SECTION: THE EXAMPLE OF AN ENGLISH TABLOID ARTICLEMojca Matjašec
, 2014, diplomsko delo
Opis: When we communicate with each other we use different types of speech acts. We use different types of speech acts when we are talking, writing an e-mail or a message, even when we give a comment on an article. Speech used in communication can be more or less polite, more or less direct and allow more or fewer options to choose between. Furthermore, we can choose between formal or informal vocabulary. Formal language is more frequent in written and informal language in spoken communication. Last but not least, words can have positive, negative or neutral emotive meaning. Speech act, politeness, formality of language and emotional meaning are all presented in the theoretical part of this graduation thesis. In view of these characteristics of the use of language, the main purpose of this graduation thesis is a linguistic analysis of some linguistic aspects of comment sections of online articles. The analysis is focused on the example of an English tabloid article, which is taken from the internet edition of the English tabloid Daily Mail.
Ključne besede: speech act, politeness, formality of vocabulary, emotional meaning, tabloid article, comments
Objavljeno: 22.07.2014; Ogledov: 1491; Prenosov: 85
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THE USE OF PASSIVE VERB IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENTIFIC ARTICLESTamara Gajšek
, 2014, diplomsko delo
Opis: Scientific biological articles differentiate from grammar perspective according to who wrote it, whom they are meant for and when were they written. For the purposes of this graduation thesis I studied multiple scientific articles from the field of biology. I was especially interested in passive verbs and nominalization, in which a verb is transformed into a noun and is often used with passive. For my study, I have chosen ten articles from different fields of biology, written by English and Slovenian biologists or experts of other nationalities. In my choice of articles, I have also considered the year in which they were written. Some were written a few months ago, a few years ago and also those that were written decades ago, the oldest article dates in the year 1971. My findings showed that passive is more frequently used by native English writers and that passive and nominalization is more or less used with the same frequency in all articles. For more thorough research one would have to have a larger collection of articles, written in the same years and there would have to be the same ratio of scientific biological articles, written by English, Slovene and other authors.
Ključne besede: passive, verb, nominalization, scientific article
Objavljeno: 17.07.2014; Ogledov: 985; Prenosov: 104
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