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1.
The demographic ageing of population in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Alma Kadušić, Alija Suljić, Nedima Smajić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper the age structure and the ageing population process in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the second half of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century is analyzed. The main reasons that caused changes in the age composition of the population and the population ageing in Bosnia and Herzegovina have been researched. The main causes of the population ageing in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the second half of the 20th century were primarily trends in fertility rates and secondarily trends in mortality rates. The economic growth of Bosnia and Herzegovina after World War II conditioned changes in the economic and educational structure of the population and with that the changes in the natural increase rates and migration balance. The war was the main cause of negative demographic changes in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period from 1992 to 1995, and the post-war adverse socioeconomic, political and other circumstances have been the cause of negative demographic trends after 1995. The aim of this paper is to determine the level of population ageing in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the consequences this process could have on the demographic future of this country.
Ključne besede: demographic ageing, age structure, population, demographic changes, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 760; Prenosov: 63
.pdf Celotno besedilo (168,97 KB)
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2.
Population aging and changes in the age structure of Slovakia
Slavomír Bucher, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The age group structure of the population in the districts of Slovakia was highlighted by means of an analysis of the three big age groups: 0 – 19 years, 20 – 64 years and 65 years and older. The paper reports on the development of the characteristics of the burden carried by the productive population in consequence of the demographic ageing of population in the conditions of the Slovakian regions. The main task of the paper was the identification the tendencies in age structure of Slovak population. Statistical methods and mathematics proceeding are used to compare different parameters age structure (e. g. index of ageing, youth dependency ratio etc.). That can be the ageing process as well as the forming of the population age structure considered as a demographical phenomenon with a fairly high degree of complexity. The results of the study will enhance the knowledge about demographic characteristics of Slovakia and therefore might be useful for further research in the field.
Ključne besede: age structure, Slovakia, pre-productive population rate, population ageing
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 368; Prenosov: 57
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,81 MB)
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3.
Impact of population ageing on unemployment and entrepreneurial activity
Marjetka Troha, Žiga Čepar, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main aim of the research was to identify the elements of a suitable organisational educational model for tourism in Slovenia. Our research was based on the need of inner circular reflexive performance of the individual in the tourism education model, institutionalised concept of education, which is viewed by outer reflexive model of tourism educational institutions performance and functional practical interaction of individuals and tourism institutions at the development of innovative potentials in the field of tourism. Tendencies to develop complex and qualitative services coming from permanent strengthening of innovative potential of tourism services are common in this field. It is necessary to develop a suitable model in the field of tourism education that places an individual in the educational process taking into account his/her conscious reflection, rational reflection and acquired motivation for solving complex projects in various levels of tourism. Suitable tourism education model, which is level-structured, is expanded in two ways. It includes the active role of an individual in rationalising practical knowledge and strengthening the innovative potential in developing his/her competences, and the role of tourism education institutions. The organisational cultural dimension can be observed as dual activity structure distinguishing between conscious reflection of the external environment on the level of educational institution and internal practical consciousness on the level of individual development of competences. Giddens structuration theory is used as a conceptual frame explaining the organisational-cultural dimensions of suitably structured educational model for tourism in Slovenia. The conclusion is based on the fact that an individual does not acknowledge the multilevel structure of study at higher education where there is an absence of conscious, practical and motivational reflection. Organisational cultural environment in the field of tourism education in Slovenia prefers practical and functional ways of acquiring competences on a higher and postgraduate (Master’s) level of study. Due to the structured changes implemented by the Bologna process, competences are not realised on the higher education level but on the postgraduate (Master’s) level, which demands a systematic review and a suitable education model change.
Ključne besede: unemployment, entrepreneurship, population ageing, labour market, Slovenian municipalities
Objavljeno: 30.11.2017; Ogledov: 520; Prenosov: 78
.pdf Celotno besedilo (858,36 KB)
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4.
The Age as a Resource
Ksenja Pušnik, Monika Šlebinger, Barbara Bradač Hojnik, Miroslav Rebernik, 2007, znanstvena monografija

Opis: In the monograph we provide an insight into existing and developing ageing paradigm in Europe, and try to contribute to a better understanding of the role and the perspectives of governments, social partners and the wider public with regard to the improvement of the employment situation of older workers and the extension of working life in Slovenia and selected New Member States. We are informing on the development of measures/policies of social partners and governments in the countries under consideration (e.g. related to the labour market, social protection, taxation, training, work environment) and identify and present some case studies on age management initiatives, applied at individual company or organisation level (e.g. in the field of recruitment, training, health) in the Slovenia and countries subject to investigation. Finally, by synthesising all information we draw some conclusions and provide guidance for future strategies in the field of age management in the countries analysed.
Ključne besede: Ageing Population, Employability of older People, European Policy, New EU Member States, Case Studies
Objavljeno: 18.01.2017; Ogledov: 742; Prenosov: 92
.pdf Celotno besedilo (772,20 KB)
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