Uporaba in poznavanje kognitivno vedenjske terapije v psihiatrični zdravstveni negiJana Lončarič
, 2019, diplomsko delo
Opis: Kognitivno vedenjska terapija (KVT) je kolaborativni pristop, ki pomaga pacientom prepoznati disfunkcionalne misli in vedenjske vzorce ter jih zamenjati z bolj primernimi. Izkušnje iz otroštva izoblikujejo človekova prepričanja o samem sebi ter o svetu, ki ga obdaja. Takšna prepričanja so jedro njegove percepcije okolice, ki je lahko pozitivna ali negativna. KVT je pristop, ki se v tujini prakticira na vseh področjih zdravstvene nege in ki ga poleg psihoterapevtov in psihiatrov izvajajo tudi diplomirane medicinske sestre. Namen zaključnega dela je bil raziskati samooceno uporabe in poznavanja KVT pri zaposlenih na Oddelku za psihiatrijo.
Ključne besede: samoocena, terapevt, psihološki pristop, medicinska sestra, psihiatrija, zdravstvena nega
Objavljeno: 17.12.2019; Ogledov: 416; Prenosov: 88
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The effect of an educational intervention in family phisicians on self-rated quality of life in patients with medically unexplained symptomsVojislav Ivetić
, Klemen Pašić
, Polona Selič
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Introduction: Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are very common in family medicine, despite being a poorly-defined clinical entity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention (EI) on self-rated quality of life, treatment satisfaction, and the family physician-patient relationship in patients with MUS.
Methods: In a multi-centre longitudinal intervention study, which was performed between 2012 and 2014, patients were asked to rate their quality of life, assess their depression, anxiety, stress and somatisation, complete the Hypochondriasis Index, the Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale and the Patient Enablement Instrument for assessing the physician-patient relationship, before and after the EI.
Results: The mean values before and after the intervention showed that after the EI, patients with MUS gave a lower (total) mean rating of their health issues and a higher rating of their quality of life, and they also had a more positive opinion of their relationship with the physician (p<0.05). However, there were no differences in the (total) rating of treatment satisfaction before and after the EI (p=0.423). Significant differences in the symptoms in patients with MUS before and after the intervention were confirmed for stress, somatisation and hypochondriasis (p<0.05).
Conclusions: It could be beneficial to equip family physicians with the knowledge, skills and tools to reduce hypochondriasis and somatisation in MUS patients, which would improve patients’ self-rated health status.
Ključne besede: medically unexplained symptoms, family medicine, educational intervention, quality of life, treatment satisfaction, family physician-patient relationship
Objavljeno: 06.04.2017; Ogledov: 985; Prenosov: 320
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Uporaba komplementarnih in alternativnih metod zdravljenja med polnoletnimi prebivalci SlovenijeVojislav Ivetić
, Barbara Čreslovnik
, Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš
, Janko Kersnik
, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Purpose: The aim of our research was to determine how many people use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and how the use of CAM depends on the gender, age, education, and the living environment of each individual person. We wanted to determine the level of fondness for the providers of CAM and define the most popular alternative medicinal preparations. Methods: The cross-sectional study was based on an anonymous questionnaire sent to the houses of a randomly selected sample (N=1000) of adults from the Republic of Slovenia in April 2009. The sample was selected using the telephone book. The data was statistically analysed using the chi-square method and t-test, depending on the nature of the variables. Results: The survey was returned and answered correctly by 410 (41.0%) subjects. According to the results, complementary and alternative medicine was used by 9.0% of the subjects. The use of CAM was independent of age, gender, education, and the living environment. According to the point scale, homeopathy was trusted by 16.9% of people, followed by healers who were trusted by 11.0%. From a statistical point of view, homeopaths were much more trusted by people who had completed a secondary education. The most popular medicinal preparations were herbs and different types of tea (74.4%), followed by vitamins and minerals (69.0%). Homeopathic preparations were used by 4.6% of people. Conclusion: We confirmed a 9.0% presence of alternative medicine in Slovenia, not taking into account herbal medicines, treatments with herbal preparations or tea, and acupuncture. We also have established that 11.0% of the population trust healers and only 16.9% of the population trust homeopaths.
Ključne besede: alternative medicine, complementary medicine, healing practice, trust
Objavljeno: 21.12.2015; Ogledov: 1181; Prenosov: 51
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