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Slot‑die coating of cellulose nanocrystals and chitosan for improved barrier properties of paper
Ylenia Ruberto, Vera Vivod, Janja Juhant Grkman, Gregor Lavrič, Claudia Graiff, Vanja Kokol, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and chitosan (Cht) have been studied extensively for oxygen and water vapour barrier coatings in biodegradable, compostable or recyclable paper packaging. However, rare studies have been performed by using scalable, inexpensive, and fast continuous slot-die coating processes, and none yet in combination with fast' and high-throughput near-infrared (NIR) light energy drying. In this frame, we studied the feasibility of a moderately concentrated (11 wt%) anionic CNC and (2 wt%) cationic Cht coating (both containing 20 wt% sorbitol related to the weight of CNC/Cht), by using plain and pigment pre-treated papers. The effect of coating parameters (injection speed, dry thickness settings) were investigated on coating quantity (dry weight, thickness) and homogeneity (coverage), papers' structure (thickness, grammage, density), whiteness, surface wettability, barrier (air, oxygen and water vapour) properties and adhesion (surface strength). The coating homogeneity was dependent primarily on the suspensions' viscosity, and secondarily on the applied coating parameters, whereby CNCs could be applied at 1–2 times higher injection speeds (up to 80 mL/min) and versatile coating weights, but required a relatively longer time to dry. The CNCs thus exhibited outstanding air (4.2–1.5 nm/Pa s) and oxygen (2.7–1.1 cm3 mm/m2 d kPa) barrier performance at 50% RH and 22–33 g/m2 deposition, whereas on top deposited Cht (3–4 g/m2) reduced its wetting time and improved the water vapour barrier (0.23–0.28 g mm/m2 d Pa). The balanced barrier properties were achieved due to the polar characteristic of CNCs, the hydrophobic nature of Cht and the quantity of the applied bilayer coating that can provide sustainable paper-based packaging.
Ključne besede: paper, nanocellulose, chitosan, slot‑die coating, near-infrared (NIR) drying, barrier properties
Objavljeno v DKUM: 06.05.2024; Ogledov: 76; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,59 MB)
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Cationised fibre-based cellulose multi-layer membranes for sterile and high-flow bacteria retention and inactivation
Vanja Kokol, Monika Kos, Vera Vivod, Nina Gunde-Cimerman, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Low-cost, readily available, or even disposable membranes in water purification or downstream biopharma processes are becoming attractive alternatives to expensive polymeric columns or filters. In this article, the potential of microfiltration membranes prepared from differently orientated viscose fibre slivers, infused with ultrafine quaternised (qCNF) and amino-hydrophobised (aCNF) cellulose nanofibrils, were investigated for capturing and deactivating the bacteria from water during vacuum filtration. The morphology and capturing mechanism of the single- and multi-layer structured membranes were evaluated using microscopic imaging and colloidal particles. They were assessed for antibacterial efficacy and the retention of selected bacterial species (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus luteus), differing in the cell envelope structure, hydrodynamic biovolume (shape and size) and their clustering. The aCNF increased biocidal efficacy significantly when compared to qCNF-integrated membrane, although the latter retained bacteria equally effectively by a thicker multi-layer structured membrane. The retention of bacterial cells occurred through electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions, as well as via interfibrous pore diffusion, depending on their physicochemical properties. For all bacterial strains, the highest retention (up to 100% or log 6 reduction) at >50 L/h∗bar∗m2 flow rate was achieved with a 4-layer gradient-structured membrane containing different aCNF content, thereby matching the performance of industrial polymeric filters used for removing bacteria.
Ključne besede: fibrous membrane, cationised cellulose nanofibrils, amino-hydrophobised cellulose nanofibrils, antibacterial activity, multi-layer structure, flux, bacteria retention
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.03.2024; Ogledov: 106; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,99 MB)
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Biodegradation of natural textile materials in soil
Khubaib Arshad, Mikael Skrifvars, Vera Vivod, Julija Volmajer Valh, Bojana Vončina, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: World is facing numerous environmental challenges, one of them being the increasing pollution both in the atmosphere and landfills. After the goods have been used, they are either buried or burnt. Both ways of disposal are detrimental and hazardous to the environment. The term biodegradation is becoming more and more important, as it converts materials into water, carbon dioxide and biomass, which present no harm to the environment. Nowadays, a lot of research is performed on the development of biodegradable polymers, which can “vanish” from the Earth surface after being used. In this respect, this research work was conducted in order to study the biodegradation phenomenon of cellulosic and non-cellulosic textile materials when buried in soil, for them to be used in our daily lives with maximum efficiency and after their use, to be disposed of easily with no harmful effects to the environment. This research indicates the time span of the use life of various cellulosic and non-cellulosic materials such as cotton, jute, linen, flax, wool when used for the reinforcement of soil. The visual observations and applied microscopic methods revealed that the biodegradation of cellulose textile materials proceeded in a similar way as for non-cellulosic materials, the only difference being the time of biodegradation. The non-cellulosic textile material (wool) was relatively more resistant to microorganisms due to its molecular structure and surface.
Ključne besede: biodegradation, composting, natural textile materials, FT-IR
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.12.2015; Ogledov: 1351; Prenosov: 403
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,41 MB)
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Cyclodextrins in textile finishing
Bojana Vončina, Vera Vivod, 2013, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Ključne besede: ciklodekstrini, oplemenitenje tekstilij, antimikrobne lastnosti, ognjevarna apretura
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1427; Prenosov: 87
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[Beta]-cyclodextrin as a retarding reagent in polyacrylonitrile dyeing
Bojana Vončina, Vera Vivod, Darja Jaušovec, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: ß-Cyclodextrin was tested as a dye complexing agent - as a dye retardant in the dyeing of PAN fibres with cationic dyes. Significant improvement of colouruniformity and some improvements in colour depth were observed when PAN fibres were dyed in the presence of ß-cyclodextrin as compared to dyeing in the presence of a commercial retardant.
Ključne besede: textile dyeing, cationic dyes, cyclodextrin, polyacrylonitrile fibres, complexation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1983; Prenosov: 36
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Grafting of ethylcellulose microcapsules onto cotton fibres
Roxana Badulescu, Vera Vivod, Darja Jaušovec, Bojana Vončina, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper a treatment of cotton with ethylcellulose (EC) microcapsules wasinvestigated. EC microcapsules containing Rosemary oil were obtained by phase separation method. The surface and morphology of microcapsules were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Microcapsules with a regular spherical shape in the 10-90 m size range were prepared and grafted onto cotton using the crosslinking reagent 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) in the presence of catalysts. The influence of the two catalysts, cyanamide (CA) and N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC) on curing efficiency (grafting) was investigated. SEM and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) were used to study the formation of ester bonds between BTCA and hydroxyl groups of cotton and/or hydroxyl groups of EC. When DCC was used as acatalyst, the esterification took place slowly at room temperature. In the case of CA, the cotton was cured at 110 °C for several minutes. After 2 min curing, the microcapsules, which kept their original shape, were bonded to thecotton fibers. Increasing the curing time altered the microcapsule shell. Grafting and crosslinking reactions of the thermofixed EC microcapsules onto cotton were proposed.
Ključne besede: textiles, chemical modification, cotton fibres, ethylcellulose, microcapsules, BTCA, SEM, FT-IR, grafting
Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 2076; Prenosov: 42
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