SLO | ENG

Večja pisava | Manjša pisava

Iskanje po katalogu digitalne knjižnice Pomoč

Iskalni niz: išči po
išči po
išči po
išči po
* po starem in bolonjskem študiju

Opcije:
  Ponastavi


1 - 10 / 57
Na začetekNa prejšnjo stran123456Na naslednjo stranNa konec
1.
2.
Primerjava higiene medicinskih tekstilij med dvema bolnišničnima pralnicama
Slavko Založnik, 2011, diplomsko delo

Opis: Higiena je temeljna medicinska veda o preprečevanju bolezni in vzdrževanju zdravja ter izboljševanju sanitarnih postopkov. Cilj vsake pralnice je ohraniti in neprestano izboljševati svoje usluge pri pranju umazanih, okuženih tekstilij v čiste sveže in razkuženo stanje. Pomembno je, da ima proces pranja razkuževalni učinek, predvsem pri pranju tekstilij iz bolnišnic, ki vsebujejo veliko vrst patogenih bakterij, gliv in virusov, ter da istočasno ne povzroča pretiranih poškodb na opranih tekstilijah. Splošna higiena v pralnici je ključnega pomena, da ne pride do rekontaminacije opranih tekstilij z mikroorganizmi pri procesu nadaljnje obdelave tekstilij, ki vključujejo sortiranje, likanje, zlaganje in pakiranje tekstilij. Oprane tekstilije iz bolnišnic ne smejo vsebovati povzročiteljev bolezni, saj so njihovi uporabniki običajno bolniki z nizkim imunskim sistemom in jih moramo zaščititi pred okužbami iz slabo opranih tekstilij. V diplomskem delu je predstavljena primerjava o higieni medicinskih tekstilij v dveh bolnišničnih pralnicah in seznanjenost medicinskih sester s pravilno higieno medicinskih tekstilij. Primerjava je bila izvedena leta 2011, v njej pa so sodelovali dve bolnišnični pralnici in OP medicinske sestre, ki delujejo v okviru operacijske dejavnosti, in sicer 15 medicinskih sester iz Splošne bolnišnice Celje in 15 medicinskih sester iz UKC Maribor. Za izvedbo ankete smo prejeli soglasje ustanov. Nameni primerjave so bili: razložiti pomen higiene bolnišničnih tekstilij, prikazati uporabo zagotavljanja higiene bolnišničnih tekstilij s sanitarno-mikrobiološkimi preiskavami na različnih kontrolnih točkah v dveh bolnišničnih pralnicah in ugotoviti, ali so medicinske sestre seznanjene s pravilno higieno medicinskih tekstilij. V empiričnem delu smo prikazali izsledke primerjave. V diplomskem delu so bile uporabljene naslednje metode: deskriptivna metoda, metoda analiziranja, anketiranja, zbiranja podatkov ter pregled in analiza podatkov. S primerjavo smo želeli izvedeti, ali v obeh bolnišnicah zagotavljajo higieno medicinskih tekstilij v postopkih pranja. Zanimalo nas je tudi, ali so medicinske sestre na operacijskem oddelku seznanjene s pravilno higieno medicinskih tekstilij. Rezultati primerjave so pokazali, da v obeh bolnišničnih pralnicah zagotavljajo ustrezno higieno medicinskih tekstilij. Medicinske sestre na OP oddelku so seznanjene in poučene o ustrezni higieni medicinskih tekstilij.
Ključne besede: higiena, bolnišnične okužbe, mikroorganizmi, zdravstvena nega
Objavljeno: 19.09.2011; Ogledov: 1614; Prenosov: 232
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,45 MB)

3.
Hygiene monitoring of textiles used in the food industry
Sabina Fijan, Avrelija Cencič, Sonja Šostar-Turk, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Protective clothing is required in the food-processing industry, to protect workers from contamination by bacteria, fungi, viruses, prions etc. contained in the secretions and raw meat of slaughtered animals, and to protect the meat from being contaminated by microorganisms carried by the workers. It is well-understood that textiles are a control point (CP), and must be appropriately cleaned and disinfected in order to prevent biocontamination. Although the laundering procedure itself is important for achieving disinfection, it is also essential to maintain an appropriate hygiene level in the laundry, in order to prevent recontamination of textiles by environmental viable microorganisms. In this study, a sanitary-microbiologicalanalysis was carried out in selected CPs in two laundries. Chemo-thermal washing efficiency was determined by evaluating the anti-bacterial effect against Enterococcus faecium and Staphylococcus aureus. The hygienic state of the laundries was determined by evaluating the number and type of microorganisms at selected CPs throughout the whole laundering procedure. The results indicated that the sanitary condition of both laundries did not reach the required levels and that several microbes were resistant to cleaning and disinfecting agents. It is obvious from the results that achievement of an appropriate hygiene level during laundering textiles from the food processing industry requires the implementation of appropriate corrective monitoring measures.
Ključne besede: laundry hygiene, textiles, food-processing industry, occupational health
Objavljeno: 30.05.2012; Ogledov: 857; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Polno besedilo (43,87 KB)

4.
Hygiene monitoring systems for hospital textile laundering
Sabina Fijan, Sonja Šostar-Turk, 2007, strokovni članek

Opis: The main aim of washing laundry is to remove soils and microorganisms from infected and dirty textiles and achieve clean, fresh and disinfected textiles ready for use. Textiles undergo laundering processes, which include: soil removal with special laundering agents; bleaching; disinfecting; and finally neutralising and rinsing. Because textiles from hospitals may contain many kinds of pathogenic -bacteria, fungi and viruses, it is essential that the laundering process has not only a cleaning effect but also an antimicrobial one. Since users of hospital textiles are often patients with a weakened immune -system, it is recommended that best practice and common sense be employed when washing and -disinfecting hospital textiles. Most people assume that the laundry returned to them is in fact clean and, therefore, safe. Experience encourages all infection control teams to take laundering very seriously. (1-15) Inappropriately disinfected textiles are one of the possible sources of nosocomial infections for patients. There are reports of hospital textiles being the source of nosocomial infection with streptococci, enterococci, Bacillus cereus, staphylococci and coliforms.(5-9) There are some documented cases where staff in hospital wards and laundries have been infected with scabies, fungi, salmonellas, gastroenteritis viruses, hepatitis A viruses and coxiellas after treating dirty laundry.
Ključne besede: textile care, hospital laundry, laundry hygiene, micro-organisms, washing quality parameters, sanitary microbiological parameters, hospital-acquired disease prevention, sanitary measures
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1477; Prenosov: 10
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

5.
VPLIV SOCIALNO – EKONOMSKIH VREDNOT NA KAKOVOST PREHRANE STAROSTNIKA V DOMAČEM OKOLJU
Marijana Lesničar, 2015, diplomsko delo

Opis: Slika 1: Prehranska piramida 14 POVZETEK V diplomskem delu smo predstavili vpliv socialno-ekonomskih in zdravstvenih vrednot na kakovost prehrane starostnikov, vpliv domačega okolja na to, kakor tudi pomen problema uravnotežene in pravilne prehrane starostnikov ter vsebnosti hranilnih snovi v živilih. Skozi anketni vprašalnik, ki smo ga izvedli v društvu upokojencev Maribor Tabor smo ugotovili koliko so starostniki seznanjeni s pomenom zdrave prehrane za kvalitetno in dolgo življenje, koliko posvečajo pozornost vsebnosti beljakovin, ogljikovih hidratov, maščob, vitaminov in mineralov v živilih, ki jih kupujejo in uživajo. V rezultatih so podani odgovori na vprašanja anketirancev iz katerih smo ugotovili, da se vedno več starostnikov zaveda pomena zdrave in uravnotežene prehrane, vendar pa jih omejujejo finančna sredstva. Večina je mnenja, da bi veliko bolj pazili na vsebnost sestavin v živilih, če bi bila finančna sredstva večja. Tako pa se trudijo usklajevati uživanje živil z zmožnostjo nakupa, kolikor je pač to mogoče. Ključne besede: starostniki, socialno-ekonomske vrednote, zdravstvene vrednote, beljakovine, ogljikovi hidrati, maščobe, vitamini, minerali.
Ključne besede: kakovost prehrane, starostnik, domače okolje, socialne vrednote, ekonomske vrednote.
Objavljeno: 23.11.2015; Ogledov: 338; Prenosov: 37
.pdf Polno besedilo (449,60 KB)

6.
Implementing hygiene monitoring systems in hospital laundries in order to reduce microbial contamination of hospital textiles
Sabina Fijan, Sonja Šostar-Turk, Avrelija Cencič, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: As textiles sent to hospital laundries contain many types of pathogenic organisms, it is important that laundering not only has an appropriate cleaning effect but also has a satisfactory disinfecting effect. Critical to this process is the maintenance of an appropriate hygiene level in the clean area of laundries in order to prevent recontamination of textiles from manual handling when ironing, folding, packing etc. The aims of this study were to evaluate the hygienic state of a hospital laundry, to introduce continuous sanitary measures, and to introduce a continuous hygiene monitoring system with an infection control programme. Two systems for evaluating hospital laundry hygiene were combined: HACCP principles (hazard analysis and critical control points) and RAL-GZ 992 standards (quality assurance standard for textile care of hospital laundry). Evaluation of the hygienic state of the hospital laundry was carried out by evaluating the number and types of micro-organisms present at the critical control points throughout the whole laundering process, using RODAC agar plates for surface sampling and the pour plate method for investigating water samples. The initial examination showed that the sanitary condition of the laundry did not reach the required hygiene level. Therefore, fundamental sanitation measures were instituted and the examination was repeated. Results were then satisfactory. The most important critical control point was the chemothermal laundering efficiency of the laundering process. To prevent micro-organisms spreading into the entire cleanworking area, it is important that, in addition to regular sanitary measures such as cleaning/disinfecting all working areas, technical equipment and storage shelves etc., regular education sessions for laundry employees on proper hand hygiene is undertaken and effective separation of the clean and dirty working areas is achieved.
Ključne besede: textile care, hospital laundry, laundry hygiene, micro-organisms, washing quality parameters, sanitary microbiological parameters, hospital-acquired disease prevention, sanitary measures
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1475; Prenosov: 11
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

7.
Sistemi zagotavljanje higieničnega pranja bolnišničnih tekstilij
Sabina Fijan, Sonja Šostar-Turk, 2012, poljudni članek

Opis: V vzdrževanje higiene bolnišničnih tekstilij spadajo različne dejavnosti, kot so razkuževalno pranje tekstilij, čiščenje in razkuževanje delovnih površin in tehnične opreme v pralnici, ki pridejo v stik z že opranimi bolnišničnimi tekstilijami, umivanje in razkuževanje rok delavcev v pralnici pri nadaljnji obdelavi opranih tekstilij (sortiranje, likanje, zlaganje, pakiranje tekstilij), uporaba primerne vode za pranje itd. Razkuževalno pranje tekstilij je doseženo takrat, kadar na tekstilijah ni nobenih patogenih mikroorganizmov in so vrnjene v čisto, sveže in razkuženo stanje brez pretiranih poškodb na tekstilijah, za nadaljnjo uporabo (Fijan et al, 2005). Še posebej je higiena tekstilij pomembna za bolnice in bolnike, ki preživijo dosti časa v bolniških posteljah v bolnišnicah, zdravstvenih zavodih itd.
Ključne besede: bolnišnične tekstilije, razkuževalno pranje tekstilij, higienski menedžment, Robert-Koch inštitut, evropski standard EN 14065 za oprane tekstilije RABC
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 950; Prenosov: 42
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

8.
Bolnišnične tekstilije - ali so možen vir okužb?
Sabina Fijan, Sonja Šostar-Turk, 2012, poljudni članek

Opis: V vzdrževanje higiene bolnišničnih tekstilij spadajo različne dejavnosti, kot so razkuževalno pranje tekstilij, čiščenje in razkuževanje delovnih površin in tehnične opreme v pralnici, ki pridejo v stik z že opranimi bolnišničnimi tekstilijami, umivanje in razkuževanje rok delavcev v pralnici pri nadaljnji obdelavi opranih tekstilij (sortiranje, likanje, zlaganje, pakiranje tekstilij), uporaba primerne vode za pranje itd. Razkuževalno pranje tekstilij je doseženo takrat, kadar na tekstilijah ni nobenih patogenih mikroorganizmov in so vrnjene v čisto, sveže in razkuženo stanje brez pretiranih poškodb na tekstilijah, za nadaljnjo uporabo (Fijan et al, 2005). Še posebej je higiena tekstilij pomembna za bolnice in bolnike, ki preživijo dosti časa v bolniških posteljah v bolnišnicah, zdravstvenih zavodih itd.
Ključne besede: bolnišnične tekstilije, mikroorganizmi, higiena pranja
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 893; Prenosov: 37
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

9.
Implementing sustainable laundering procedures for textiles in a commercial laundry and thus decreasing wastewater burden
Sabina Fijan, Rebeka Fijan, Sonja Šostar-Turk, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents a research on how to optimize a laundering program to reduce wastewater burden thus achieving a more sustainable laundering procedure. A green surgical textiles program was investigated and the first step of optimization was performed based on the results of measuring certain parameters in the water taken from individual chambers. The wastewater parameters were reduced after optimization of the program although effluent treatment plants for water reuse remain necessary. An experimental laundering procedure with a high dosage of sodium hypochlorite was also conducted in order to observe a correlation between measured values of active chlorine and conductivity. As an approximate correlation was found this could result in thepossibility of incorporating a sensor in the washing machine measuring online the conductivity with the possibility of regulating the dosage of sodium hypochlorite and thus preventing overdosing, which increases the damages of the laundered textiles and the burden of wastewater.
Ključne besede: laundry wastewater, optimization, textiles, sustainable laundering
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 763; Prenosov: 6
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

10.
Rotaviral RNA found on various surfaces in a hospital laundry
Sabina Fijan, Andrej Steyer, Mateja Poljšak-Prijatelj, Avrelija Cencič, Sonja Šostar-Turk, Srečko Koren, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this investigative study was to determine the presence of rotaviral RNA at various control points (CP) of a hospital laundry. One of the possible sources of hospital infections is inappropriately laundered and disinfected hospital textiles. RT-PCR and nested PCR for gene amplification using specific primers following RNA isolation were used to determine the presence of rotaviral RNA on swabs. In addition, rotavirus suspensions were inoculated on marked surfaces as positive controls for different surfaces (cotton textiles, folding table and industrial dryer). Rotaviral RNA was found on various laundry surfaces: technical equipment, storage shelves, transport vehicles, personnel's hands, damp textiles, and folded laundry. Rotaviral RNA was also detected at all positive controls on tested surfaces after 24 h. Based on the results, it is very important to take into consideration the proper handling of textiles after washing as one of the precautions against hospital-acquired infections. This paper reports the presence of rotaviral RNA for the first time on surfaces in laundries and equipment, as well as textiles.
Ključne besede: laundry hygiene, rotaviruses, hospital-acquired disease prevention, sanitary measures, occupational health
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1378; Prenosov: 2
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

Iskanje izvedeno v 0.13 sek.
Na vrh
Logotipi partnerjev Univerza v Mariboru Univerza v Ljubljani Univerza na Primorskem Univerza v Novi Gorici