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The lipase-catalyzed synthesis of fatty acid fructose esters in organic media and in supercritical carbon dioxide
Saša Šabeder, Maja Leitgeb, Željko Knez, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Sugar fatty acid esters are biodegradable surface active compounds in foodstuffs and cosmetics or pharmaceuticals. They have potential in replacing pollutant chemically synthesized surfactants. The enzymatic synthesis of fructose palmitate catalyzed by Candida antarctica B lipase was performed in different organic media in a batch react at atmospheric pressure. The influence of the organic solvent and temperature on the esterification was studied. Since supercritical carbon dioxide (SC CO2) has several advantages over organic solvents, such as high reaction rate, high mass transfer, non-toxicity, non flammability and low price, it was also chosen as a reaction medium for fructose palmitate production. The influence of temperature on immobilized lipase activity was studied at 10 MPa and the results were compared to the results obtained from reactions performed at atmospheric pressure under the same reaction conditions. The highest conversion (67%) was obtained after 24 hours of reaction in SC C02 at 80°C. A change of the particle size distribution and morphology of the untreated lipase and lipase treated with 2-methyl 2-butanol and SC C02 was observed. This article was presented at 1st SEECChE, held in Belgrade, September 25-28, 2005
Ključne besede: chemical processing, high pressure technology, supercritical CO2, lipase catalyzed syntheses, esterification, fructose palmitate, biocatalysts, lipase, Candida antarctica B
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1412; Prenosov: 174
.pdf Celotno besedilo (392,53 KB)
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Enzymatic synthesis of sugar fatty acid esters in organic solvent and in supercritical carbon dioxide and their antimicrobial activity
Maja Leitgeb, Saša Šabeder, Željko Knez, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Lipase-catalyzed synthesis of different sugar fatty acid esters was performed in high yields in 2-methyl-2-butanol at atmospheric pressure and in supercritical carbon dioxide (SC CO2) at 10 MPa. Influence of molecular sievesconcentration on conversion in SC CO2 was studied. Growth inhibitory effect of commercial sucrose fatty acid esters and enzymatically synthesized sucrose and fructose fatty acid esters on Gram-positive and Gram-negative micro-organisms, as well as on yeast was tested. Sucrose laurate inhibited the growth of Bacillus cereus food poisoning bacteria at a concentration of 9.375 mg/ml.
Ključne besede: biocatalysis, lipase, sugar fatty acid ester, organic solvent, cupercritical CO2, antimicrobial activity
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1217; Prenosov: 54
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

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Comparison of the esterification of fructose and palmitic acid in organic solvent and supercritical carbon dioxide
Saša Šabeder, Maja Leitgeb, Željko Knez, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Sugar fatty acid esters are nonionic surfactants, which are used for personal care products, cosmetic applications, and as emulsifiers for food. In recent years, enzymatic synthesis of sugar fatty acid esters is attracting keen attention as a new manufacturing method for future application. Reaction parameters of lipase-catalyzed synthesis of fructose fatty acid esters in organic solvent were optimized in a batch reactor at atmospheric pressure. Optimum conditions for reaction performed in organic solvent at atmospheric pressure were 10% (wžw of substrates) of lipase from Candida antarctica B, 12.14% (wžw of reaction mixture) of molecular sieves at 60 C, and stirring rate of 600 rpm. Esterification of fructose and palmitic acid was performed insupercritical carbon dioxide with and without addition of cosolvent (organicsolvent) at 60 C. Effect of pressure on enzyme activity was studied.
Ključne besede: chemical processing, high pressure technology, supercritical CO2, esterification, organic solvent, lipase catalysed synthesis, fructose fatty esters, Candida antarctica B, enzyme activity
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1186; Prenosov: 34
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