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Specific roles and responsibilities of the police in victim assistance : police officers' view
Irma Kovčo Vukadin, Renato Matić, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The purpose of this research was to assess police officers’ views and their current practice in dealing with victims and to test differences in their attitudes regarding their gender, personal experience of victimization and years of professional experience. Design/Methods/Approach: A questionnaire based on the UN Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power was applied to two generations of police officers (N=155), who attended the victimology course. Descriptive statistics, discriminant analysis and chi-square test were used. Findings: Police officers mostly agree with good standards in treating victims’ rights. Discriminant analysis revealed no significant difference regarding police officers’ gender and personal experience of victimisation. Chi-square test revealed differences regarding years of professional experience in 3 of 31 analyzed items. Research limitations: The results are not generalizable since convenient sample was used. Another question to be considered is police officers’ attendance of the victimology course (although the questionnaire was carried out on the first class of students), which might lead police officers into giving socially desirable answers. Practical implications: This research gives valuable information to police strategic structures regarding the evaluation of the current practice and the creation of protocols and education programs. Originality/Value: This is the first research on this topic in Croatia. It gives insight into police officers’ views, and their current practice in treating victims.
Ključne besede: police officers, crime victims, attitudes, social expectations
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.05.2020; Ogledov: 639; Prenosov: 24
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Terrorism : social causes and perspectives
Renato Matić, Anita Dremel, Mateja Šakić, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The aim of this paper is to analyze the origin of different interpretations of the events connected with terrorism, with special emphasis put on different interpretations of causes and consequences of terrorism. The objective is to show that the same logic has perpetrated the causes of the problem and is being used to solve it. Design/Methods/Approach: This research into the social causes of terrorism leans against a critical theoretical perspective and uses a historical comparative method aimed at deconstructing some taken-for-granted perspectives regarding terrorism and its actors. It brings the understanding of the causes of terrorism into connection with the history of mutual relationships between today's main actors of global terrorism and anti-terrorism in the wish to explain the consequences of terrorism as resulting from the stable and continued relationship between the main actors. Findings: The analysis has shown that current approaches to dealing with the problem of terrorism are so strikingly unsuccessful because, among other reasons, they rely on the same logic that led to the problem in the first place and thus cannot be used to solve the problem. Current power relations between the actors of “terrorism” and “anti-terrorism” point to the need for a possible alternative approach to preventing the mutually complementing “terrorist” and “anti-terrorism” violence. Originality/Value: The greatest value of this analysis is that it offers a view of the problem of terrorism based in the tradition of sociological theory, particularly that of deviance, serving thus as an important complement to more customary criminalist, criminological, psychological and legal perspectives. Without such historically grounded and sociologically informed approach, critical perspective would not be possible.
Ključne besede: terrorism, colonialism, center, periphery, the logic of power, power relations
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.04.2020; Ogledov: 470; Prenosov: 26
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