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1.
Acceptance of GIS within ERP system : research study in higher education
Simona Sternad Zabukovšek, Polona Tominc, Zdenko Deželak, Gaik Nalbandyan, Samo Bobek, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: GIS is often used in companies where employees already use enterprise information systems/enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems and where both systems are used simultaneously. This article is a research study of GIS acceptance by users using GIS, not as a stand-alone tool, but as an integrated tool into the ERP system. The research was conducted using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), one of the most often used research models for researching behavioral intention and actual use of information systems. For this research study, TAM has been modified and extended with external factors. The main research objective is to identify determinants of GIS acceptance and the attitude of individuals toward using GIS integrated with ERP systems. The structural equation model with partial least squares (PLS) method was used to analyze collected survey data. The study researched 12 external factors in the TAM model, out of which 10 were found significant. The most important factors that impact behavioral intention to use ERP-GIS systems are perceived usefulness of ERP-GIS systems and attitude toward using GIS, followed by education and training about ERP-GIS systems and perceived enjoyment using ERP-GIS systems.
Ključne besede: geographic information systems (GIS), enterprise resource planning (ERP), GIS and ERP integration, GIS acceptance, technology acceptance model (TAM)
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.07.2024; Ogledov: 33; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,27 MB)
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2.
Enhancing PLS-SEM-Enabled research with ANN and IPMA : research study of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems’ acceptance based on the technology acceptance model (TAM)
Simona Sternad Zabukovšek, Samo Bobek, Uroš Zabukovšek, Zoran Kalinić, Polona Tominc, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: PLS-SEM has been used recently more and more often in studies researching critical factors influencing the acceptance and use of information systems, especially when the technology acceptance model (TAM) is implemented. TAM has proved to be the most promising model for researching different viewpoints regarding information technologies, tools/applications, and the acceptance and use of information systems by the employees who act as the end-users in companies. However, the use of advanced PLS-SEM techniques for testing the extended TAM research models for the acceptance of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems is scarce. The present research aims to fill this gap and aims to show how PLS-SEM results can be enhanced by advanced techniques: artificial neural network analysis (ANN) and Importance–Performance Matrix Analysis (IPMA). ANN was used in this research study to overcome the limitations of PLS-SEM regarding the linear relationships in the model. IPMA was used in evaluating the importance and performance of factors/drivers in the SEM. From the methodological point of view, results show that the research approach with ANN artificial intelligence complements the results of PLS-SEM while allowing the capture of nonlinear relationships between the variables of the model and the determination of the relative importance of each factor studied. On other hand, IPMA enables the identification of factors with relatively low performance but relatively high importance in shaping dependent variables.
Ključne besede: traditional PLS-SEM, artificial neural network (ANN) analysis, Importance–Performance Matrix Analysis (IPMA), ERP system acceptance, TAM model
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.07.2024; Ogledov: 34; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,52 MB)
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3.
SME top management perception of environmental uncertainty and gender differences during COVID-19
Sabina Veršič, Polona Tominc, Tjaša Štrukelj, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Environmental scanning has become increasingly crucial for an organisation’s existence and a matter of interest for scholars and professionals. This research presents an outline of the situation in the field of multidimensional environmental scanning, focusing on Slovenian micro, small and medium sized organisations during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, the paper aims to examine if top managers perceive the multidimensional (external) environment as uncertain and if there have been gender differences in multidimensional (external) environmental uncertainty perception during the COVID-19 pandemic. We researched the field of ecological, social, technological, economic, and political–legal environments. The nonparametric Mann–Whitney U test and descriptive statistics were used to test the research hypotheses. The results show that top managers are not aware enough of multidimensional environmental uncertainty. They do not perceive the ecological and social environment as unpredictable at all. Among the studied environments, they perceive the political–legal environment as most unpredictable. There are no statistically significant gender differences in perceptions of ecological, social, technological, economic, and political–legal environmental uncertainty. We suggest SME top managers pay more attention to environmental uncertainty and use environmental scanning methods to achieve more sustainable development.
Ključne besede: strategic management, environmental uncertainty, ecological environment, social environment, technological environment, economic environment, political–legal environment, SME top managers, COVID-19 pandemic, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.07.2024; Ogledov: 75; Prenosov: 15
.pdf Celotno besedilo (688,83 KB)
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4.
Healthy and entrepreneurial work environment for older employees and its impact on work engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic
Maja Rožman, Polona Tominc, Katja Crnogaj, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Managing older employees is a major challenge for companies, especially during COVID-19. Therefore, creating a healthy and entrepreneurial work environment as well as an inclusive culture within organizations is crucial for companies to maintain their sustainable advantage. The main objective of this paper is to develop a multidimensional model of a healthy and entrepreneurial work environment for older employees and determine its impact on their work engagement during COVID-19. Structural equation modeling was used for data analysis. The results show that workplace health promotion, entrepreneurial working conditions, and leadership lead to better well-being of older employees. In addition, entrepreneurial working conditions that promote intergenerational synergy lead to higher work engagement of older employees, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. For the elderly, the entrepreneurial work environment is therefore particularly important, even though entrepreneurship is mostly attributed to younger men. In addition, older employees’ well-being and the promotion of intergenerational synergy have a positive impact on their work engagement. The results will help companies better manage their older employees, shape their workplace, and increase the sustainable benefits of their businesses during and after the COVID-19 crisis.
Ključne besede: older employees, health promotion, entrepreneurial work environment, business competitiveness, COVID-19 pandemic
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.07.2024; Ogledov: 48; Prenosov: 11
.pdf Celotno besedilo (445,44 KB)
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5.
Integrating artificial intelligence into a talent management model to increase the work engagement and performance of enterprises
Maja Rožman, Dijana Oreški, Polona Tominc, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The purpose of the paper is to create a multidimensional talent management model with embedded aspects of artificial intelligence in the human resource processes to increase employees' engagement and performance of the enterprise. The research was implemented on a sample of 317 managers/owners in Slovenian enterprises. Multidimensional constructs of the model include several aspects of artificial intelligence implementation in the organization's activities related to human resource management in the field of talent management, especially in the process of acquiring and retaining talented employees, appropriate training and development of employees, organizational culture, leadership, and reducing the workload of employees, employee engagement and performance of the enterprise. The results show that AI supported acquiring and retaining a talented employees, AI supported appropriate training and development of employees, appropriate teams, AI supported organizational culture, AI supported leadership, reducing the workload of employees with AI have a positive effect on performance of the enterprise and employee engagement. The results will help managers or owners create a successful work environment by implementing artificial intelligence in the enterprise, leading to increased employee engagement and performance of the enterprise. Namely, our results contribute to the efficient implementation of artificial intelligence into an enterprise and give owners or top managers a broad insight into the various aspects that must be taken into account in business management in order to increase employee engagement and enterprise’s competitive advantage.
Ključne besede: artificial intelligence, talent management, employees, employee engagement, performance of the company
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.07.2024; Ogledov: 56; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,63 MB)
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6.
Usklajenost poslovnih rešitev s poslovnimi zahtevami
Uroš Zabukovšek, 2024, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Usklajenost informacijske in poslovne strategije je ključnega pomena za uspeh sodobnih podjetij. Množica raziskav ugotavlja, da so lahko celo najboljše strategije neuspešne zaradi pomanjkanja usklajenosti med IT in poslovnimi cilji. Ta problem usklajenosti se kaže kot ena izmed največjih težav med IT strokovnjaki in poslovnimi vodji. V podjetjih morajo vse organizacijske enote sodelovati in podpirati skupne cilje. IT oddelek je ključnega pomena pri tem, saj ponuja storitve in izdelke, ki so nujni za optimizacijo delovanja podjetja. Da bi dosegli usklajenost, je potrebno zagotoviti, da je prisotna na vseh nivojih organizacije, od organizacijskega do individualnega. Za objektivno obravnavo usklajenosti pa je ključno razviti metode in orodja za merjenje stopnje usklajenosti, kar je še vedno predmet raziskav na področju managerskih informacijskih sistemov. Raziskave s področja usklajevanja poslovne in IT strategije (BITA) poudarjajo praktično vrednost usklajevanja obeh strategij, saj prinašajo direktni vpliv na delovanje podjetja. Zgodnejše raziskave so se osredotočale na primerjavo poslovnega načrta in IT načrta, druge so se osredotočale na povezavo med poslovno strategijo in strategijo IT, nato prileganje poslovnih potreb in prioritet informacijskih sistemov IT. Digitalne tehnologije revolucionarno spreminjajo merjenje in upravljanje okoljskih in trajnostnih vidikov poslovanja, vendar optimalno izvajanje in uporaba digitalnih tehnologij, ki podpirajo trajnost podjetij, ostaja izziv. Izhodišče naše raziskave je bilo je bilo raziskati različne vidike BITA ter načine merjenja nivoja zrelosti usklajevanja v katerem se nahaja podjetje. Zanimalo nas je tudi kako BITA vpliva na uspešnost poslovanja organizacije. Glede na obstoječe raziskave BITA smo se osredotočili na manj raziskane dejavnike, kot je vpliv BITA na Korporativno trajnost ter posredne vplive dejavnikov kakovosti IT storitev in delo na daljavo na uspešnost poslovanja organizacije. Z področjem BITA so povezane različne tematike med katerimi lahko izpostavimo strateške informacijske sisteme, ki so informacijski sistemi, ki podpirajo ali oblikujejo konkurenčno strategijo organizacije in so ključne za uspešno poslovanje organizacij. Uspešnost uvedbe in uporabe navedenih sistemov je hkrati tesno povezana z zrelostjo BITA podjetja. Obravnavana tema doktorske disertacije bo prispevala k večjemu razumevanju pomena BITA in stopnje zrelosti v podjetjih in kako BITA vpliva neposredno in posredno (preko kakovosti IT storitev in dela na daljavo) na uspešnost podjetja. Poleg navedenega ta raziskava prispeva k razumevanju pomena BITA in IT storitev pri uvajanju korporativne trajnosti in trajnostnih iniciativ. Pričakujemo, da bo naša raziskava omogočila da bodo podjetja lažje uskladila IT storitve z poslovanjem in se osredotočila na ključne dejavnike, ki vplivajo na uspešnost poslovanja. V primeru, da se za podjetje naredi raziskava primera pa lahko podjetje poleg navedenega pridobi vpogled v pomembnost posameznih dejavnikov in se osredotoči na njih z namenom optimiranja ter usklajevanja IT in poslovnih procesov podjetja.
Ključne besede: usklajenost informacijske strategije s poslovno strategijo (BITA), kakovost IT storitev, delo na daljavo, korporativna trajnost, modeliranje strukturnih enačb (SEM), delni najmanjši kvadrati (PLS).
Objavljeno v DKUM: 13.06.2024; Ogledov: 85; Prenosov: 15
.pdf Celotno besedilo (9,50 MB)

7.
University of Maribor Faculty of Economics and Business Research Achievements and Impact
2024

Opis: This research report comprehensively overviews the research activities of the Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) between 2021 and 2023. It shows the significant academic and practical contributions made by the FEB in various research fields, highlighting its commitment to addressing contemporary challenges and achieving excellence. The repo rt outlines the various achievements of the FEB, such as research projects, applied projects for businesses, publications, citations, scientific journal publications, conferences organized, and doctoral dissertations. It also emphasizes the significant involvement of students in research, showcasing the FEB's dedication to practical experience and its adherence to research ethics and alignment with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report presents a balanced view of the Faculty's research landscape, highlighting successes and ongoing development areas. It is a detailed document that effectively communicates the vibrant research culture at the Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor, and its significant contributions to academic and practical fields.
Ključne besede: research projects, research institutes, sustainable development, practical lmplications, Faculty of Economics and Business at University of Maribor, research
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.05.2024; Ogledov: 202; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (36,05 MB)
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8.
Entrepreneurship for Sustainable Future : GEM Slovenia 2023, Executive Summary
Karin Širec, Polona Tominc, Katja Crnogaj, Matej Rus, Barbara Bradač Hojnik, 2024, učbenik za višje in visoke šole

Opis: The GEM survey offers an in-depth analysis of the various social, cultural, political, and economic factors that impact the entrepreneurial landscape and activities, serving as a comprehensive framework for understanding national and entrepreneurial conditions. These factors play a crucial role in shaping individuals' entrepreneurial decisions and the success of starting and operating businesses. Survey delivers unparalleled insights into a nation's entrepreneurial characteristics, surpassing the information available from traditional statistical sources. The study also explores individuals' and societies' attitudes towards entrepreneurship, alongside the aspirations and qualifications of people at different entrepreneurial stages. By examining these aspects across countries, GEM identifies key drivers and obstacles for entrepreneurship, enabling stakeholders to cultivate a supportive entrepreneurial ecosystem. The monograph also addresses the growing link between entrepreneurial endeavors and sustainable development. The research emphasizes the importance of sustainable development as an integral part of entrepreneurial thinking and action in Slovenia, which is key to promoting innovation, competitiveness and long-term prosperity in
Ključne besede: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, entrepreneurship, early-stage entrepreneurial activity, economic development, entrepreneurship ecosystem, entrepreneurship policy, sustainable development
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.05.2024; Ogledov: 148; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Celotno besedilo (9,90 MB)
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9.
Podjetništvo za trajnostno prihodnost : GEM Slovenija 2023
Karin Širec, Polona Tominc, Katja Crnogaj, Matej Rus, Barbara Bradač Hojnik, 2024, učbenik za višje in visoke šole

Opis: Raziskava GEM ponuja poglobljeno analizo različnih družbenih, kulturnih, političnih in ekonomskih dejavnikov, ki vplivajo na podjetniško okolje in podjetniško aktivnost, ter predstavlja celovit okvir za razumevanje nacionalnih podjetniških razmer. Ti dejavniki imajo ključno vlogo pri oblikovanju podjetniških ambicij posameznikov in uspešnosti ustanavljanja ter delovanja podjetij. Raziskava s tem zagotavlja neprimerljiv vpogled v nacionalno podjetništvo in njegove značilnosti ter presega informacije, ki so na voljo v drugih statističnih virih. Raziskava namreč vključuje tudi odnos posameznikov in družbe do podjetništva ter želje in usposobljenost ljudi za podjetništvo, v vseh fazah podjetniškega procesa. S proučevanjem teh vidikov v različnih državah, GEM ugotavlja ključna gonila in ovire za podjetništvo, kar zainteresiranim stranem omogoča, da razvijajo podporni podjetniški ekosistem. Monografija se dotika tudi vse večje povezave med podjetniškimi prizadevanji in trajnostnim razvojem. V raziskavi je poudarjen pomen trajnostnega razvoja kot integralnega dela podjetniške miselnosti in prakse v Sloveniji, kar je ključno za spodbujanje inovativnosti, konkurenčnosti in dolgoročne blaginje v družbi.
Ključne besede: Globalni podjetniški monitor, podjetništvo, celotna zgodnja podjetniška aktivnost, gospodarski razvoj, podjetniški ekosistem, podjetniška politika, trajnostni razvoj
Objavljeno v DKUM: 06.05.2024; Ogledov: 162; Prenosov: 19
.pdf Celotno besedilo (23,08 MB)
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10.
Maximizing employee engagement through artificial intelligent organizational culture in the context of leadership and training of employees : testing linear and non-linear relationships
Maja Rožman, Polona Tominc, Borut Milfelner, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper’s main aim is to analyze five constructs of organizational culture, AI-supported leadership, AI-supported appropriate training of employees, teams’ effective performance, and employee engagement, and their relationship through the prism of artificial intelligence on a sample of large and medium-sized Slovenian companies. The second aim of the paper is to test the proposed model with two different statistical techniques in the scope of structural equation modeling (SEM) that enable us to assess linear (PLS-SEM) and non-linear relationships (CB-SEM) among the constructs. The empirical research included 437 medium-sized and large Slovenian companies. From each company, a CEO or owner participated in our research. The findings of the research with both techniques show that organizational culture had no impact on AI-supported appropriate training of employees and was not significant as well as that organizational culture had an impact on AI-supported leadership. The impact of AI-supported leadership on AI-supported appropriate training of employees were supported only for the PLS-SEM model. The impact of AI-supported leadership for employees on teams was positive. Contrary to that, the impact of AI-supported leadership for business solutions on teams was non-significant. In both cases, AI-supported appropriate training of employees’ impact on teams was strong and positive. Also, employee engagement impact on teams was positive and statistically significant with PLS-SEM and CB-SEM methods. The research yields important implications for companies seeking to integrate artificial intelligence effectively in their operations. It emphasizes the critical role of AI-supported leadership in driving positive outcomes, such as improved employee training and enhanced team effectiveness. Companies should focus on developing leaders who can leverage AI tools to foster a skilled and engaged workforce. By adopting data-driven decision-making processes and incorporating insights from structural equation modeling, organizations can develop effective AI integration strategies. These provide valuable guidance for enhancing human resource management practices and achieving successful AI adoption across companies. The findings contribute to the formation of new views in the field of artificial intelligence implementation in the companies and show companies a broader picture of which aspects of human resource management need to be improved.
Ključne besede: leadership, organizational culture, employee engagement, artificial intelligent
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.04.2024; Ogledov: 121; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,09 MB)
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