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1.
The KIDSCREEN-27 scale: translation and validation study of the Slovenian version
Leona Cilar Budler, Majda Pajnkihar, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Owen Barr, Gregor Štiglic, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: There are many methods available for measuring social support and quality of life (QoL) of adolescents, of these, the KIDSCREEN tools are most widely used. Thus, we aimed to translate and validate the KIDSCREEN-27 scale for the usage among adolescents aged between 10 and 19 years old in Slovenia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 2852 adolescents in primary and secondary school from November 2019 to January 2020 in Slovenia. 6-steps method of validation was used to test psychometric properties of the KIDSCREEN-27 scale. We checked descriptive statistics, performed a Mokken scale analysis, parametric item response theory, factor analysis, classical test theory and total (sub)scale scores. Results: All five subscales of the KIDSCREEN-27 formed a unidimensional scale with good homogeneity and reliability. The confirmatory factor analysis showed poor fit in user model versus baseline model metrics (CFI = 0.847; TLI = 0.862) and good fit in root mean square error (RMSEA = 0.072; p(χ2) < 0.001). A scale reliability was calculated using Cronbach's α (0.93), beta (0.86), G6 (0.95) and omega (0.93). Conclusions: The questionnaire showed average psychometric properties and can be used among adolescents in Slovenia to find out about their quality of life. Further research is needed to explore why fit in user model metrics is poor.
Ključne besede: social support, adolescent, psychometrics, factor analysis, quality of life
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.08.2023; Ogledov: 234; Prenosov: 22
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,77 MB)
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2.
Nursing support in facilitating mental well-being of adolescents
Leona Cilar Budler, 2022, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Background: Mental well-being is a state in which an individual acts positively, feels good, copes with the daily stressors and contributes to his/her community. Adolescents are a population who experience the various stressors brought on by growing up. The purpose of the doctoral dissertation is to determine the mental well-being of adolescents in correlation with the support of family, friends, teachers, and nurses. Methods: The research was based on the paradigm of pragmatism which supports the usage of quantitative and qualitative approaches using mixed methods. The quantitative part of the research included 2 972 adolescents. The survey method was used, descriptive and inferential statistics and presentation of the results were done with the help of tables, charts and figures. In the qualitative part of the research, data were collected using the interview method. Interviews were conducted with 5 focus groups involving 16 adolescents, 8 parents, 6 teachers, 3 legislators, and 6 nurses. The data were analysed following the steps of Corbin & Strauss (2008). Results: The mental well-being of adolescents is positively related (r = 0.624) to their social support. The mental well-being (r = -0.286) and social support (r = -0.239) of adolescents declines with age. Adolescents are of the opinion that the role of the nurse is to talk to them, help them, advise them, and explain difficulties that bother them. The mental well-being of adolescents is related to their interaction and interpersonal relations with parents, friends, and teachers. In ensuring the mental well-being of adolescents, we must consider the model multidimensional well-being. The Model of Interpersonal Relationships is proposed, which is formed based on the results of quantitative and qualitative part of the research and taking into account the concepts of the Theory of Interpersonal Relationships (Peplau, 1952) and the model of Multidimensional Well-being (Sarriera & Bedin, 2017). Discussion: Mental well-being is an important and relatively new concept in nursing. Adolescents’ mental well-being is closely linked to interpersonal relationships and a safe environment in which they can express themselves. Adolescents and parents do not obtain the necessary professional help in a timely manner. There is also a need for additional education on the mental well-being of adolescents among adolescents, parents, teachers, and nurses. Conclusion: Interpersonal relationships between adolescents, family, friends, teachers, and nurses are of major importance for ensuring mental well-being. There is a need for further research to improve the mental well-being of adolescents worldwide.
Ključne besede: youth, mental health, quality of life, social support, nursing
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.09.2022; Ogledov: 736; Prenosov: 215
.pdf Celotno besedilo (6,60 MB)

3.
Duševno dobro počutje med študenti zdravstvene nege v Sloveniji in Severni Irski
Leona Cilar, 2017, magistrsko delo

Opis: Teoretična izhodišča: Duševno dobro počutje je ključni vir za uspešno in produktivno delovanje posameznika, osebno zadovoljstvo in kakovostno življenje. Do neravnovesja lahko pride zaradi različnih stresorjev in okolijskih dejavnikov. Posebej ranljiva skupina so študenti. Zaradi preobremenjenosti s študijskimi obveznostmi, finančnimi stiskami in oddaljenosti od doma se študenti pogosto srečajo s težavami v duševnem zdravju. Raziskovalna metodologija: Uporabili smo deskriptivno metodo dela. Literaturo smo iskali s pomočjo vključitvenih in izključitvenih kriterijev po domačih (COBISS, UM:NIK, Metaisklanik) in mednarodnih (PubMed, Science Direct, ProQuest) podatkovnih bazah. Izvedli smo kvantitativno raziskavo med študentih zdravstvene nege v Sloveniji in Severni Irski s pomočjo WEMWBS vprašalnika. Rezultati: V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 199 študentov zdravstvene nege, od tega 90 študentov bilo iz Slovenije in 109 iz Severne Irske. Študenti zdravstvene nege so v povprečju občutili srednje dobro počutje v zadnjih dveh tednih v obeh državah. Srednja vrednost WEMWBS rezultatov v Sloveniji (M=53.07, 95% CI [51.24-54.89]) je višja, kot v Severni Irski (M=45.7890, 95% CI [44.32-47.26]). Obstaja statistično značilna razlika (p < 0.001) med rezultati WEMWBS med državama. Zaključek: Čeprav rezultati kažejo, da študenti zdravstvene nege imajo povprečno stopnjo duševnega dobrega počutja, vedno moramo težiti k boljšemu. Na podlagi pregledanih študij ugotavljamo, da obstajajo učinkovite preventivne aktivnosti, ki bi se lahko uporabile tudi v Sloveniji in izboljšale duševno dobro počutje študentov zdravstvene nege. Velik pomen ima izobraževalna inštitucija, ki lahko z učinkovitimi intervencijami zmanjša stigmo in ozavesti študente o pomenu duševnega dobrega počutja.
Ključne besede: duševno zdravje, duševne motnje, promocija duševnega zdravja, preventiva nastanka duševnih motenj, izobraževalna inštitucija
Objavljeno v DKUM: 19.07.2017; Ogledov: 2127; Prenosov: 499
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,55 MB)

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