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1.
The role of education in sustainable dietary patterns in Slovenia
Andrej Kirbiš, Monika Lamot, Marija Javornik, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The most sustainable dietary patterns involve the consumption of plant-based (vegan) foods, excluding or reducing animal products, including meat, fish, and dairy, yet there is a lack of research on determinants of sustainable dietary patterns in central European countries. The present article aimed to examine the prevalence of sustainable dietary practices and attitudes among the Slovenian public and to investigate the role of education in fostering sustainable dietary patterns. We analyzed a representative national sample of Slovenians, with data gathered in 2019 (ISSP/Slovenian Public Opinion; N = 1079; 51.2% females). The results indicate that most Slovenians do not have sustainable dietary practices or attitudes with regard to health, the environment, animals, and dietary minorities. One in four Slovenians consume meat at least once per day and one in two consume meat three to six times per week. In addition, 78.2% of Slovenians consume milk at least three times per week; more than half consume milk daily or more often. Fish consumption is the least frequent among the three food groups. At least two-thirds of Slovenians also hold attitudes that are low in sustainability. Results also show that, after controlling for confounding variables, higher educational level emerged as an independent predictor of lower meat consumption, but not of lower fish or milk consumption. Furthermore, those in the lowest educational group are significantly less likely to hold sustainable attitudes than those in the higher educational group. Finally, current student status only decreases meat consumption. Since our results show an educational gradient in meat consumption and attitudes, public health and environmental campaigns should focus on the less-educated groups, encouraging them to reduce meat intake and fostering more sustainable attitudes.
Ključne besede: dietary patterns, education, sustainability, attitudes, meat, animals
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.04.2024; Ogledov: 116; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (464,36 KB)
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2.
Distrustful, dissatisfied, and conspiratorial : a latent profile analysis of COVID-19 vaccination rejection
Monika Lamot, Katja Kerman, Andrej Kirbiš, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Trust in science and scientists, satisfaction with the national government, and endorsement of conspiracy theories are important factors in the decision to be vaccinated. In this study, we investigated whether there are different profiles of individuals depending on the above factors and whether they differ in their sociodemographic composition. We used data from Round 10 of the European Social Survey for Slovenia, employing a nationally representative sample of 1252 participants. Based on latent profile analysis, three distinct profiles emerged: Profile 1 expressed moderate trust in science, satisfaction with government, and high endorsement of conspiracies; Profile 2 expressed low trust and satisfaction and moderate endorsement of conspiracies; Profile 3 expressed high trust and satisfaction and low beliefs in conspiracy theories. In addition, Profile 3 expressed the strongest support for vaccination and Profile 2 the lowest. Our results suggest that distrust, dissatisfaction, and the presence of conspiracy theories are the “perfect storm” for vaccination rejection. In contrast, despite conspiracy theories, a certain level of trust and satisfaction may reduce vaccination rejection.
Ključne besede: trust, science, government, COVID-19 vaccination, latent profile analysis
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.04.2024; Ogledov: 78; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (728,08 KB)
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3.
Ideological differences in COVID-19 vaccine intention : the effects of trust in the healthcare system, in complementary and alternative medicine, and perceived threat from the disease
Monika Lamot, Katja Kerman, Andrej Kirbiš, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction: Politically left-leaning individuals are more likely to get vaccinated against COVID-19, although little is known about the mechanisms underlying the ideological differences in vaccination intentions. Understanding the extent to which trust in the healthcare system, in complementary and alternative medicine, and the perceived threat from the disease contribute to these disparities is crucial, as it could inform targeted interventions to address vaccine hesitancy across the political spectrum. Methods: The present cross-sectional study conducted among adults living in Slovenia (n  =  858) examined the mediating role of trust in the healthcare system, trust in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), and the perceived threat from the virus on COVID-19 vaccination intention. Results: We found that leftist ideology and trust in the healthcare system positively predicted vaccination intention, whereas CAM negatively predicted this intention. In addition, left-leaning individuals expressed greater trust in the healthcare system and lower trust in CAM, resulting in higher levels of COVID-19 vaccination intention. The serial mediation model confirmed that trust in CAM was a negative predictor, while trust in the healthcare system positively predicted perceived threat. Discussion: When dealing with vaccine hesitancy among right-oriented individuals, strategies should focus on enhancing trust in the healthcare system and critically evaluating the reliance on CAM.
Ključne besede: vaccine hesitancy, political ideology, percieved threat, trust, healthcare system, complementary medicine, alternative medicine
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.04.2024; Ogledov: 129; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (536,31 KB)
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4.
Multilevel analysis of COVID-19 vaccination intention : the moderating role of economic and cultural country characteristics
Monika Lamot, Andrej Kirbiš, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Predictors of COVID-19 (coronavirus) vaccination have been extensively researched; however, the contextual factors contributing to understanding vaccination intention remain largely unexplored. The present study aimed to investigate the moderating role of economic development (Gross domestic product - GDP per capita), economic inequality (Gini index), the perceived corruption index and Hofstede’s measurements of cultural values—index of individualism/collectivism and power distance index—in the relationship between determinants of satisfaction with the healthcare system, trust in political institutions, conspiracy beliefs and COVID-19 vaccination intention. Methods: A multilevel modelling approach was employed on a sample of approximately 51 000 individuals nested within 26 countries. Data were drawn from the European Social Survey Round 10. The model examined the effect of individual- and country-level predictors and their interaction on vaccination intention. Results: Satisfaction with the healthcare system had a stronger positive effect on intention to get vaccinated in countries with lower perceived corruption and more individualistic countries. Trust in political institutions had a stronger positive effect on vaccination intention in countries with higher economic development and lower perceived corruption, while a negative effect of conspiracy beliefs on vaccination intention was stronger in countries with lower economic development, higher perceived corruption and a more collectivistic cultural orientation. Conclusion: Our findings highlight the importance of considering individual and contextual factors when addressing vaccination intention.
Ključne besede: COVID-19 vaccination intention, multilevel analyses, satisfaction with the health system, trust in political institutions, conspiracy beliefs
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.04.2024; Ogledov: 137; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (420,65 KB)
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5.
Dejavniki stališč do cepljenja po svetu in v Sloveniji: raziskava mešanih metod
Monika Lamot, 2020, magistrsko delo

Opis: Kljub pozitivnim učinkom cepljenja se javno zaupanje v cepljenje zmanjšuje, kar vodi do zmanjševanja učinkovitosti programov cepljenja. Namen magistrskega dela je bil preučiti dejavnike, povezane s stališči do cepljenja v Sloveniji in po svetu. Uporabili smo pristop mešanih metod in dejavnike stališč do cepljenja preverjali v okviru nacionalnega reprezentativnega vzorca SJM 2016/1 (n = 1070), lastne spletne ankete (n = 661) in polstrukturiranih intervjujev (n = 4). Na nacionalnem reprezentativnem vzorcu se je izkazalo, da so prebivalci Slovenije, ki izražajo pozitivna stališča do cepljenja, v povprečju starejši, v večji meri zaupajo v varnost cepiv, menijo, da so poučeni o koristih in tveganjih cepiv ter bolj verjetno povedo, da niso imeli negativnih učinkov po cepljenju. V spletni anketi z večjim podvzorcem negativnih stališč do cepljenja se je izkazalo, da je zavračanje cepiv povezano z nižjim zaupanjem v zdravstveni sistem, pozitivnimi stališči do komplementarne in alternativne medicine, politično libertarnostjo in višjim socioekonomskim statusom. V polstrukturiranih intervjujih se je izkazalo, da intervjuvanci/-ke izpostavljajo in zagovarjajo svobodno odločanje o cepljenju otrok, izražajo pozitivna stališča do komplementarne in alternativne medicine ter izražajo dvom in strah pred stranskimi učinki cepiv. Na podlagi rezultatov podamo priporočila političnim in javnozdravstvenim odločevalcem glede pristopov do oklevanja pred cepljenjem.
Ključne besede: stališča do cepljenja, dejavniki stališč do cepljenja, oklevanje pred cepljenjem
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.03.2020; Ogledov: 1838; Prenosov: 595
.pdf Celotno besedilo (973,93 KB)

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