Radon anomalies in soil gas caused by seismic activityBoris Zmazek
, Mladen Živčić
, Ljupčo Todorovski
, Sašo Džeroski
, Janja Vaupotič
, Ivan Kobal
, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: At the Orlica fault in the Krško basin, combined barasol detectors were buried in six boreholes, two along the fault itself and four on either side of it, to measure and record radon activity, temperature and pressure in soil gas every 60 minutes for four years. Data collected have been analysed in a manner aimed at distinguishing radon anomalies resulting from environmental parameters (air and soil temperature, barometric pressure, rainfall) from those caused solely by seismic events. The following approaches have been used to identify anomalies: (i) ± 2σ deviation of radon concentration from the seasonal average, (ii) correlation between time gradients of radon concentration and barometric pressure, and (iii) prediction with regression trees within a machine learning program. In this paper results obtained with regression trees are presented. A model has been built in which the program was taught to predict radon concentration from the data collected during the seismically inactive periods when radon is presumably influenced only by environmental parameters. A correlation coefficient of 0.83 between measured and predicted values was obtained. Then, the whole data time series was included and a significantly lowered correlation was observed during the seismically active periods. This reduced correlation is thus an indicator of seismic effect.
Ključne besede: radon in soil gas, environmental parameters, earthquakes, correlation, regression trees, forecasting
Objavljeno: 15.05.2018; Ogledov: 295; Prenosov: 19
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