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1.
Super-geometrodynamics
Mirjam Cvetič, G. W. Gibbons, Christopher N. Pope, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We present explicit solutions of the time-symmetric initial value constraints, expressed in terms of freely specifiable harmonic functions for examples of supergravity theories, which emerge as effective theories of compactified string theory. These results are a prerequisite for the study of the time-evolution of topologically non-trivial initial data for supergravity theories, thus generalising the "Geometrodynamics" program of Einstein-Maxwell theory to that of supergravity theories. Specifically, we focus on examples of multiple electric Maxwell and scalar fields, and analyse the initial data problem for the general Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton theory both with one and two Maxwell fields, and the STU model. The solutions are given in terms of up to eight arbitrary harmonic functions in the STU model. As a by-product, in order compare our results with known static solutions, the metric in isotropic coordinates and all the sources of the non-extremal black holes are expressed entirely in terms of harmonic functions. We also comment on generalizations to time-nonsymmetric initial data and their relation to cosmological solutions of gauged so-called fake supergravities with positive cosmological constant.
Ključne besede: black holes, supergravity, string theory, conformal field models, string duality
Objavljeno: 14.06.2017; Ogledov: 32; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Polno besedilo (581,40 KB)

2.
Entanglement entropy of subtracted geometry black holes
Mirjam Cvetič, Zain H. Saleem, Alejandro Satz, 2015, polemika, diskusijski prispevek, komentar

Opis: We compute the entanglement entropy of minimally coupled scalar fields on subtracted geometry black hole backgrounds, focusing on the logarithmic corrections. We notice that matching between the entanglement entropy of original black holes and their subtracted counterparts is only at the order of the area term. The logarithmic correction term is not only different but also, in general, changes sign in the subtracted case. We apply Harrison transformations to the original black holes and find out the choice of the Harrison parameters for which the logarithmic corrections vanish.
Ključne besede: black holes, string theory
Objavljeno: 14.06.2017; Ogledov: 39; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Polno besedilo (378,41 KB)
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3.
General U(1) x U(1) F-theory compactifications and beyond: geometry of unHiggsings and novel matter structure
Mirjam Cvetič, Denis Klevers, Hernan Piragua, Washington Taylor, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We construct the general form of an F-theory compactification with two U(1) factors based on a general elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau manifold with Mordell-Weil group of rank two. This construction produces broad classes of models with diverse matter spectra, including many that are not realized in earlier F-theory constructions with U(1) x U(1) gauge symmetry. Generic U(1) x U(1) models can be related to a Higgsed non-Abelian model with gauge group SU(2) x SU(2) x SU(3), SU(2)(3) x SU(3), or a subgroup thereof. The nonlocal horizontal divisors of the Mordell-Weil group are replaced with local vertical divisors associated with the Cartan generators of non-Abelian gauge groups from Kodaira singularities. We give a global resolution of codimension two singularities of the Abelian model; we identify the full anomaly free matter content, and match it to the unHiggsed non-Abelian model. The non-Abelian Weierstrass model exhibits a new algebraic description of the singularities in the fibration that results in the first explicit construction of matter in the symmetric representation of SU(3). This matter is realized on double point singularities of the discriminant locus. The construction suggests a generalization to U(1)(k) factors with k > 2, which can be studied by Higgsing theories with larger non-Abelian gauge groups.
Ključne besede: F-theory, differential geometry, algebraic geometry, gauge symmetry
Objavljeno: 14.06.2017; Ogledov: 41; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,36 MB)

4.
AdS(2) holographic dictionary
Mirjam Cvetič, Ioannis Papadimitriou, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We construct the holographic dictionary for both running and constant dilaton solutions of the two dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton theory that is obtained by a circle reduction from Einstein-Hilbert gravity with negative cosmological constant in three dimensions. This specific model ensures that the dual theory has a well de fined ultraviolet completion in terms of a two dimensional conformal field theory, but our results apply qualitatively to a wider class of two dimensional dilaton gravity theories. For each type of solutions we perform holographic renormalization, compute the exact renormalized one-point functions in the presence of arbitrary sources, and derive the asymptotic symmetries and the corresponding conserved charges. In both cases we find that the scalar operator dual to the dilaton plays a crucial role in the description of the dynamics. Its source gives rise to a matter conformal anomaly for the running dilaton solutions, while its expectation value is the only non trivial observable for constant dilaton solutions. The role of this operator has been largely overlooked in the literature. We further show that the only non trivial conserved charges for running dilaton solutions are the mass and the electric charge, while for constant dilaton solutions only the electric charge is non zero. However, by uplifting the solutions to three dimensions we show that constant dilaton solutions can support non trivial extended symmetry algebras, including the one found by Comp ere, Song and Strominger [1], in agreement with the results of Castro and Song [2]. Finally, we demonstrate that any solution of this specific dilaton gravity model can be uplifted to a family of asymptotically AdS(2) x S-2 or conformally AdS(2) x S-2 solutions of the STU model in four dimensions, including non extremal black holes. The four dimensional solutions obtained by uplifting the running dilaton solutions coincide with the so called 'subtracted geometries', while those obtained from the uplift of the constant dilaton ones are new.
Ključne besede: 2D gravity, AdS-CFT correspondence, black holes, space-time symmetries
Objavljeno: 27.06.2017; Ogledov: 27; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,01 MB)

5.
Black hole thermodynamics from a variational principle: asymptotically conical backgrounds
Song-ok An, Mirjam Cvetič, Ioannis Papadimitriou, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The variational problem of gravity theories is directly related to black hole thermodynamics. For asymptotically locally AdS backgrounds it is known that holographic renormalization results in a variational principle in terms of equivalence classes of boundary data under the local asymptotic symmetries of the theory, which automatically leads to finite conserved charges satisfying the first law of thermodynamics. We show that this connection holds well beyond asymptotically AdS black holes. In particular, we formulate the variational problem for N = 2 STU supergravity in four dimensions with boundary conditions corresponding to those obeyed by the so called 'subtracted geometries'. We show that such boundary conditions can be imposed covariantly in terms of a set of asymptotic second class constraints, and we derive the appropriate boundary terms that render the variational problem well posed in two different duality frames of the STU model. This allows us to define finite conserved charges associated with any asymptotic Killing vector and to demonstrate that these charges satisfy the Smarr formula and the first law of thermodynamics. Moreover, by uplifting the theory to five dimensions and then reducing on a 2-sphere, we provide a precise map between the thermodynamic observables of the subtracted geometries and those of the BTZ black hole. Surface terms play a crucial role in this identification.
Ključne besede: M-Theory, Black Holes, String Theory, Gauge-gravity correspondence
Objavljeno: 27.06.2017; Ogledov: 32; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (834,82 KB)

6.
Black holes with intrinsic spin
Mirjam Cvetič, Finn Larsen, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We analyze the general black hole solutions to the four dimensional STU model recently constructed by Chow and Compere. We define a dilute gas limit where the black holes can be interpreted as excited states of an extremal ground state. In this limit we express the black hole entropy and the excitation energy in terms of physical quantities with no need for parametric charges. We discuss a dual microscopic CFT description that incorporates all electric and magnetic charges. This description is recovered geometrically by identification of a near horizon BTZ region. We construct the subtracted geometry with no restrictions on charges by analyzing the scalar wave equation in the full geometry. We determine the matter sources that support the subtracted geometry by studying a scaling limit and show that the general geometry permits a dilute gas description with parameters that we specify.
Ključne besede: black holes, string theory, conformal field models, string duality
Objavljeno: 27.06.2017; Ogledov: 57; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (598,59 KB)

7.
Chiral four-dimensional F-theory compactifications with SU(5) and multiple U(1)-factors
Mirjam Cvetič, Antonella Grassi, Denis Klevers, Hernan Piragua, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We develop geometric techniques to determine the spectrum and the chiral indices of matter multiplets for four-dimensional F-theory compactifications on elliptic Calabi-Yau fourfolds with rank two Mordell-Weil group. The general elliptic fiber is the Calabi-Yau onefold in dP(2). We classify its resolved elliptic fibrations over a general base B. The study of singularities of these fibrations leads to explicit matter representations, that we determine both for U(1) xU(1) and SU(5) x U(1) x U(1) constructions. We determine for the first time certain matter curves and surfaces using techniques involving prime ideals. The vertical cohomology ring of these fourfolds is calculated for both cases and general formulas for the Euler numbers are derived. Explicit calculations are presented for a specific base B = P-3. We determine the general G(4)-flux that belongs to H-V((2,2)) of the resolved Calabi-Yau fourfolds. As a by-product, we derive for the first time all conditions on G(4)-flux in general F-theory compactifications with a non-holomorphic zero section. These conditions have to be formulated after a circle reduction in terms of Chern-Simons terms on the 3D Coulomb branch and invoke M-theory/F-theory duality. New ChernSimons terms are generated by Kaluza-Klein states of the circle compactification. We explicitly perform the relevant field theory computations, that yield non-vanishing results precisely for fourfolds with a non-holomorphic zero section. Taking into account the new Chern-Simons terms, all 4D matter chiralities are determined via 3D M-theory/F-theory duality. We independently check these chiralities using the subset of matter surfaces we determined. The presented techniques are general and do not rely on toric data.
Ključne besede: flux compactifications, F-theory
Objavljeno: 27.06.2017; Ogledov: 37; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (1,75 MB)

8.
Compactifications of deformed conifolds, branes and the geometry of qubits
Mirjam Cvetič, G. W. Gibbons, Christopher N. Pope, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We present three families of exact, cohomogeneity-one Einstein metrics in (2n + 2) dimensions, which are generalizations of the Stenzel construction of Ricci-flat metrics to those with a positive cosmological constant. The first family of solutions are Fubini-Study metrics on the complex projective spaces CPn+1, written in a Stenzel form, whose principal orbits are the Stiefel manifolds V-2(Rn+2) = SO(n+2)/SO(n) divided by Z(2). The second family are also Einstein-Kahler metrics, now on the Grassmannian manifolds G(2)(Rn+3) = SO(n+3)/((SO(n+1)xSO(2)), whose principal orbits are the Stiefel manifolds V-2(Rn+2) (with no Z(2) factoring in this case). The third family are Einstein metrics on the product manifolds Sn+1 x Sn+1, and are Kahler only for n = 1. Some of these metrics are believed to play a role in studies of consistent string theory compactifications and in the context of the AdS/CFT correspondence. We also elaborate on the geometric approach to quantum mechanics based on the Kahler geometry of Fubini-Study metrics on CPn+1, and we apply the formalism to study the quantum entanglement of qubits.
Ključne besede: conformal field models, string theory, models of quantum gravity, differential geometry, algebraic geometry
Objavljeno: 27.06.2017; Ogledov: 54; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (586,14 KB)

9.
Electrodynamics of black holes in STU supergravity
Mirjam Cvetič, G. W. Gibbons, Christopher N. Pope, Zain H. Saleem, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: External magnetic fields can probe the composite structure of black holes in string theory. With this motivation we study magnetised four-charge black holes in the STU model, a consistent truncation of maximally supersymmetric supergravity with four types of electromagnetic fields. We employ solution generating techniques to obtain Melvin backgrounds, and black holes in these backgrounds. For an initially electrically charged static black hole immersed in magnetic fields, we calculate the resultant angular momenta and analyse their global structure. Examples are given for which the ergoregion does not extend to infinity. We calculate magnetic moments and gyromagnetic ratios via Larmor's formula. Our results are consistent with earlier special cases. A scaling limit and associated subtracted geometry in a single surviving magnetic field is shown to lift to AdS(3) x S-2. Magnetizing magnetically charged black holes give static solutions with conical singularities representing strings or struts holding the black holes against magnetic forces. In some cases it is possible to balance these magnetic forces.
Ključne besede: black holes, supergravity, string theory, conformal field models, string duality
Objavljeno: 27.06.2017; Ogledov: 66; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (563,26 KB)

10.
Elliptic fibrations with rank three Mordell-Weilgroup
Mirjam Cvetič, Denis Klevers, Hernan Piragua, Peng Song, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We analyze general F-theory compactifications with U(1)xU(1)xU(1) Abelian gauge symmetry by constructing the general elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau manifolds with a rank three Mordell-Weil group of rational sections. The general elliptic fiber is shown to be a complete intersection of two non-generic quadrics in P-3 and resolved elliptic fibrations are obtained by embedding the fiber as the generic Calabi-Yau complete intersection into Bl(3)P(3), the blow-up of P-3 at three points. For a fixed base B, there are finitely many Calabi-Yau elliptic fibrations. Thus, F-theory compactifications on these Calabi-Yau manifolds are shown to be labeled by integral points in reflexive polytopes constructed from the nef-partition of Bl(3)P(3). We determine all 14 massless matter representations to six and four dimensions by an explicit study of the codimension two singularities of the elliptic fibration. We obtain three matter representations charged under all three U(1)-factors, most notably a tri-fundamental representation. The existence of these representations, which are not present in generic perturbative Type II compactifications, signifies an intriguing universal structure of codimension two singularities of the elliptic fibrations with higher rank Mordell-Weil groups. We also compute explicitly the corresponding 14 multiplicities of massless hypermultiplets of a six-dimensional F-theory compactification for a general base B.
Ključne besede: flux compactifications, F-theory, superstring vacua, D-branes
Objavljeno: 27.06.2017; Ogledov: 68; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (840,88 KB)

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