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1.
Konstrukcijski materiali : učbenik
Ivan Anžel, Mihael Brunčko, 2022, učbenik za višje in visoke šole

Opis: Učbenik je kot osnovna literatura namenjen študentom 1. stopnje študijskih programov Strojništvo, Gospodarsko inženirstvo in Mehatronika. Učbenik sestavljajo tri samostojna poglavja, ki kot celota prinašajo znanja s področja materialov in tehnologij in so potrebna pri razvoju, raziskavah in uporabi materialov na področju strojništva, elektrotehnike, avtomatike, energetike ... Prvo poglavje obravnava značilne skupine konstrukcijskih materialov in njihovo zgradbo. Opisani so osnovni pojmi in predstave o materialih, ki so potrebne za razumevanje njihovih lastnosti. V drugem poglavju so obravnavane ključne lastnosti konstrukcijskih materialov, ki omogočajo uspešno izbiro materialov za določeno aplikacijo. Tretje poglavje vsebuje izbrane primere konstrukcijskih materialov. Opisuje posebna jekla za uporabo v strojništvu, lahke zlitine, konstrukcijsko keramiko, keramična stekla in polimerne materiale.
Ključne besede: konstrukcijski materiali, posebna jekla, lahke zlitine, inženirska keramika in stekla, polimerni materiali
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.02.2022; Ogledov: 1299; Prenosov: 212
.pdf Celotno besedilo (25,86 MB)
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2.
The characterization of phase transformations in rapidly solidified Al-Fe and Cu-Fe alloys through measurements of the electrical resistance and DSC
Milan Bizjak, Ladislav Kosec, Borut Kosec, Ivan Anžel, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: For the characterization of the phase transformations in the alloys during the heat treatment the various methods of the thermal analyses are available. Thermogravimetry, differential thermal analysis (DTA) and the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) are the most frequently used methods. The phase transformations proceed in two stages, i.e. nucleation and the growth of the new phase. Both processes are closely linked with the movement of the atoms. Rapidly solidified alloys often contain the elements with the low diffusivity. During the transition from the unstable to the stable state the energy changes are small, therefore the characterization of the changes by DTA, DSC is very difficult and could not be measured. During the heat treatment the phase transformations of the rapidly solidified alloys of Al-Fe and Cu-Fe were successfully detected by the simultaneous measurements of the electrical resistance, and were compared by the DSC method. By determination of the temperature regions of the phase transitions or temperatures, where the dynamics of the changes is maximal, the samples were heat treated and analysed by the scanning and transmission electron microscopy respectively.
Ključne besede: rapidly solidified Al-Fe alloy, rapidly solidified Cu-Fe alloy, transformations, electrical resistance, differential scanning calorimetry
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 1871; Prenosov: 130
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,71 MB)
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3.
Synthesis and characterization of hardened Cu-Fe-Ni-P alloy
Goran Brovč, Goran Dražić, Blaž Karpe, Igor Đorđević, Gorazd Lojen, Borut Kosec, Milan Bizjak, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In the manufacturing industry of electrical contacts, the prohibition of the use of toxic metals (Cd, Be), and desire to avoid the alloying with precious metals (Ag) has created a need for new alloys with good electrical conductivity and high mechanical properties at elevated temperatures. As a potentially useful material for this purpose, we have analyzed the continuously cast Cu-Fe-Ni-P alloy in various heat treatment conditions. Sequence of phase transformations during heat treatment was followed by 4 point D.C. electrical resistivity measuring method, and analyzed by scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy. Measurements of Vickers hardness and electrical conductivity after various heat treatment procedures indicate on high potential of Cu-Fe-Ni-P alloys as a material for electrical contacts.
Ključne besede: copper alloys, precipitation hardening, electrical contacts, electrical conductivity
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 2184; Prenosov: 92
.pdf Celotno besedilo (454,32 KB)
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4.
Internal oxidation of silver alloys with tellurium, selenium and sulphur
Gorazd Kosec, Ladislav Kosec, Ivan Anžel, Vasilij Gontarev, Borut Kosec, Milan Bizjak, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Silver alloys with tellurium, selenium and sulphur fulfil the conditions for the internal oxidation. Microstructure of these alloys consists of matrix (dilute solid solution) and particles of intermetallic compounds. Internal oxidation of ternary alloys is very similar to that of the binary alloys, but there are also distinctions in thermodynamics properties of alloying elements. At the direct oxidation of the particles of the intermetallic compound the phenomena of the selective oxidation was observed. Concentration of more reactive elements is increasing in the oxidized part of the particles of the intermetallic compound (Te in AgTeSe alloys). Therefore the precipitated oxides formed with diffusional internal oxidation are richer with less reactive alloying element (Se in AgTeSe alloy). In the precipitated oxide particles the concentration of selenium is more than twice higher than of tellurium.
Ključne besede: internal oxidation, silver, alloys, compound, particle
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 1011; Prenosov: 97
.pdf Celotno besedilo (97,32 KB)
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5.
Microstructure of rapidly solidified Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloy ribbons
Gorazd Lojen, Ivan Anžel, Albert C. Kneissl, Elfride Unterweger, Borut Kosec, Milan Bizjak, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloys (SMAs) are currently the only available high temperature SMAs, showing a good resistance against functional fatigue. In polycrystalline state, they are very brittle and exhibit, in general, only small reversible deformations. By melt spinning, thin Cu-Al-Ni ribbons can be manufactured directly from the melt. Appropriate casting parameters can ensurea single layer columnar structure with a fibre texture, which significantly increases the maximal reversible strain in longitudinal direction. Cu-Al-Ni ribbons, containing 13, 14 and 15 wt.% Al were cast by free jet melt spinning. Because of the alloys' low thermal conductivity, the cooling rate was surprisingly low - considering the crystal grain size - significantly below 103 K/s. Therefore, wide ribbons having a single layer columnar and (except the ribbons containing 13 wt.% Al) completely martensiticstructure could not be obtained. Regardless the chemical composition, the ribbons have a single layer columnar structure only if the thickness does not exceed approximately 50 m, otherwise the structure consists of at least two layers of equiaxed grains. In as-cast condition, only ribbons containing 13 wt.% Al seem to be completely martensitic. Heat treatments at temperatures up to 900 °C improved the structure of 13 and 14 wt.% Al ribbons. All ribbons exhibit one-way shape memory effect in as-cast condition. Heat-treated ribbons containing 13 wt.% Al exhibited two-way shape memory effect already after one bending and heating cycle.
Ključne besede: metallurgy, shape memory alloys, Cu-Al-Ni alloy, microstructure, melt spinning
Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 2326; Prenosov: 112
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