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Fatal Hymenoptera Venom–triggered anaphylaxis in patients with unrecognized clonal mast cell disorder : Is mastocytosis to blame?
Matija Rijavec, Jezerka Inkret, Urška Bidovec, Tanja Carli, Nina Frelih, Andreja Kukec, Peter Korošec, Mitja Košnik, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Hymenoptera venom–triggered anaphylaxis (HVA) affects up to 8.9% of the general population and is the most frequent cause of anaphylaxis in adults, accounting for approximately 20% of all fatal anaphylaxis cases. Quite often, a fatal reaction is a victim’s first manifestation of HVA. Mastocytosis represents one of the most important risk factors for severe HVA. We analyzed patients with documented fatal HVA for the presence of underlying clonal mast cell disorder (cMCD). Here, we report three cases of fatal HVA, with undiagnosed underlying cMCD identified by the presence of the peripheral blood and/or bone marrow KIT p.D816V missense variant postmortem. In the first case, anaphylaxis was the initial episode and was fatal. In the other two cases, both patients were treated with specific venom immunotherapy (VIT), nevertheless, one died of HVA after VIT discontinuation, and the other during VIT; both patients had cardiovascular comorbidities and were taking beta-blockers and/or ACE inhibitors. Our results point to the importance of screening all high-risk individuals for underlying cMCD using highly sensitive molecular methods for peripheral blood KIT p.D816V variant detection, including severe HVA and possibly beekeepers, for proper management and the need for lifelong VIT to prevent unnecessary deaths. Patients at the highest risk of fatal HVA, with concomitant cardiovascular and cMCD comorbidities, might not be protected from field stings even during regular VIT. Therefore, two adrenaline autoinjectors and lifelong VIT, and possibly cotreatment with omalizumab, should be considered for high-risk patients to prevent fatal HVA episodes.
Ključne besede: fatal anaphylaxis, Hymenoptera venom, mastocytosis, venom immunotherapy
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.04.2024; Ogledov: 117; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (717,90 KB)
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A novel mutation in the FOXC2 gene : a heterozygous insertion of adenosine (c.867insA) in a family with lymphoedema of lower limbs without distichiasis
Tanja Planinšek Ručigaj, Matija Rijavec, Jovan Miljković, Julij Gyula Šelb, Peter Korošec, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: Primary lymphoedema is a rare genetic disorder characterized by swelling of different parts of the body and highly heterogenic clinical presentation. Mutations in several causative genes characterize specific forms of the disease. FOXC2 mutations are associated with lymphoedema of lower extremities, usually distichiasis and late onset. Patients and methods: Subjects from three generations of a family with lymphoedema of lower limbs without distichiasis were searched for mutations in the FOXC2 gene. Results: All affected family members with lymphoedema of lower limbs without distichiasis, and still asymptomatic six years old girl from the same family, carried the same previously unreported insertion of adenosine (c.867insA) in FOXC2. Conclusions: Identification of a novel mutation in the FOXC2 gene in affected family members of three generations with lymphoedema of lower limbs without distichiasis, highlights the high phenotypic variability caused by FOXC2 mutations.
Ključne besede: primary lymphedema, FOXC2 mutation, distichiasis, lower limbs lymphedema
Objavljeno v DKUM: 30.10.2017; Ogledov: 1292; Prenosov: 160
.pdf Celotno besedilo (538,46 KB)
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